Enduring Vision Ch. 12-15

question

Which of the following statements is not an accurate description of slavery?
answer

Most slaves gladly accepted the limits on their freedom in return for security.
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Which of the following statements accurately describes the Upper South and the Lower South?
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After about 1830, both were united in their defense of slavery.
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Who led the 1831 rebellion in Southampton County, VA that terrified the South for generations?
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Nat Turner
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By 1860 what percentage of white southern families owned slaves?
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25%
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What was the largest group of southern whites in the antebellum period?
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Non-slaveholding yeomen
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Which of the following is not one of the reason that non-slaveholding southerners supported the slave system?
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They knew that they were outnumbered and had no choice but to support it.
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Which of the following is an accurate description of the typical slave diet?
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It was generally unbalanced, but there was plenty of food.
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in 1860, about what percent of slave owners owned more than 20 slaves?
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Only about 12 percent
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Which of these reflects the opportunities that cities provided for free blacks in the Old South?
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All of these choices
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Which of the following was a common form of slave resistance?
answer

Work stoppage and theft
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In “The Impending Crisis of the South”, Hinton Helper argued that
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non-slaveholders should abolish slavery in their own interest
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Most runaway slaves
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remained in the South
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What fact of life was the greatest source of sorrow for plantation wives?
answer

their husbands sexual relationships with slave women
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Which of the following was the most interracial institution in the Old South?
answer

Church
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What was the status of the black slave family?
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It had no legal status
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Great Britain and the United States almost went to a war between in the 1840’s because of a dispute over
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Claims to Oregon territory
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How much did the United States increase its land size by during President James K. Polk’s administration?
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50 percent
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What pushed the Irish to leave their homeland in the 1840s and 1850s and come to the United States?
answer

A potato famine which left many people starving and hopeless
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In the 1820s, Mexico attempted to attract American settlers to Texas by
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providing generous land grants to recruiting agents
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Which of the following was one of the reasons why some antislavery northerners believed there was a southern conspiracy to extend slavery into the Southwest?
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President Tyler, a states rights Democrat from Virginia, maneuvered to arrange the annexation of Texas.
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What was one reason that “dark horse” James K. Polk won the presidency in 1844?
answer

Polk convinced many northerners that the annexation of Texas would be in their best interest
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In the 1840s, which of the following groups was not likely to support territorial expansion?
answer

Members of the Whig party
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“Manifest Destiny” is the belief that the United States had
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A mission to spread American ideals across the continent
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President James K. Polk’s objectives in Oregon included
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A division of the territory at the 49th parallel
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What did President James K. Polk want from Mexico in 1845 and 1846?
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Acquisition from Mexico of California and New Mexico
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What military leader in the Mexican-American War became a national hero and eventually president?
answer

Zachary Taylor
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Who led the Texas army that defeated Santa Anna at San Jacinto
answer

Sam Houston
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Why did John C. Calhoun believe that the federal government had no power to prohibit slavery in the Mexican Cession?
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He believed that slaves were properly, and the Constitution protected the right to property
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According to the doctrine of “popular sovereignty” or “squatter sovereignty,”
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Residents of a territory should be allowed to decide whether or not to permit slavery
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Who led the American forces that helped seize California from Mexico?
answer

John Fremont
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In Dred Scott versus Sandford, the Supreme Court ruled that?
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All of these choices
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Why did Abraham Lincoln win the 1860 presidential election?
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He took advantage of the split in the Democratic Party and won a plurality of the vote
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What was the reaction of many northerners to the 1850 Fugitive Slave Act?
answer

Although some northerners saw the act as the price of saving the Union, many more saw it as a vile monument of infamy and therefore took up the abolition cause.
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Which statement concerning the presidential election of 1852 is true?
answer

The Whig part lost much support in the South and began to break up
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What did the writer Ralph Waldo Emerson conclude about John Brown’s raid?
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Brown’s execution would make him a martyr for the abolitionist cause
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Which of the following was not true about the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
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It rendered the terms of the Compromise of 1850 void
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Which of the following was not an opinion on slavery held by free soil supporters?
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Free-soilers believed that American slavery had natural geographic limits beyond which it would not spread.
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Where were the first shots of the Civil War fired?
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Fort Sumter
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The principle of popular sovereignty held that
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Each territory would decide for itself whether or to allow slavery or not
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Why did “Bleeding Kansas” occur?
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All of these choices
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The Lecompton Constitution
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Protected the property rights of slaveholders already living in Kansas and provided for a referendum on whether to admit more slaves
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In the course of his campaign against Stephen Douglas in 1858, Abraham Lincoln declared all of the following except
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The best way to preserve the Union was too ensure that slavery was legal in all states, North and South
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As a result of John Brown’s raid at Harpers Ferry,
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Southern fire eaters were incensed
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Which statement best describes the Republican party position in the election of 1860?
answer

There should be no further extension of slavery into the territories
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Why did the states of the Upper South join the Confederacy?
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Lincoln called for volunteers to suppress the rebellion in the Lower South
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What advantage did the South have over the North at the beginning of the Civil War?
answer

The South had better military leaders
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During the war, most slaves
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remained on the plantations or farms with their owners
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Of all the methods the northers and southern governments used to finance the war, which was the most effective in raising revenue?
answer

Printing paper money
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What advantages did the North have over the South at the beginning of the war?
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Massive industrial capacity and most of the nation’s railroad tracks
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During the Civil War, women’s rights activists
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hoped that their wartime service would be rewarded with greater equality, especially the right to vote
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The Civil War can be considered the first modern war for all of the following reasons except
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Airplanes significantly altered the experience of combat
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The South had an advantage over the North in terms of
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soldier morale
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Originally developed by General Winfield Scott and later adopted by General Ulysses S. Grant, the Anaconda plan advocated
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constant pressure on Southern forces by controlling the Mississippi River and blockading the coast
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The Battle of Antietam in September 1862
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encouraged Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation
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Approximately how many Americans died in the Civil War?
answer

620,000
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Which of the following is not one of the reasons why the Confederacy expected assistance, or at least diplomatic recognition, from France or Great Britain?
answer

The British Prime Minister had secretly promised aid and recognition to Jefferson Davis in 1860
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At the First Battle of Bull Run (or Manassas)
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amateur armies on both sides fought a bloody battle with confederate forces ultimately prevailing
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The Emancipation Proclamation
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was formulated by the Radical Republicans and issued by Lincoln despite his strong personal objections
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During the war, women in the North and South
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All of these choices
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Which organization did Congress create to provide relief, education, and employment for former slaves?
answer

Freedmen’s Bureau

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