Element Etymology

Hydrogen

1

H

Greek hydro and genes, meaning water-forming

 

 

 

 

 

2

Helium

He

Greek helios, meaning the Sun

Lithium

Li

3

 

Greek lithos, meaning stone

Beryllium

Be

4

Greek beryllo, meaning beryl; originally glaucinium, Greek glykos meaning sweet

Boron

B

5

Arabic buraq, meaning borax; a combination of borax and carbon

Carbon

C

6

Latin carbo, meaning charcoal

Nitrogen

N

7

Greek nitron and genes, meaning nitre-forming

Oxygen

O

8

  Greek oxy and genes, meaning acid-forming

Flourine

F

9

Latin fluere, meaning to flow

Neon

Ne

10

Greek neos, meaning new

Sodium

Na

11

English word soda; Na, Latin natrium, meaning soda

Magnesium

Mg

12

Named for Magnesia, a district of Greece

Aluminun

Al

13

Latin alumen, meaning bitter salt

 

Silicon

Si

14

Latin silex or silicia, meaning flint

P

Phosphorus

15

Greek phosphoros, meaning bringer of light

Sulfur

S

16

Sanskrit sulvere, or Latin sulfurium, both names for sulfur

Chlorine

Cl

17

Greek chloros, meaning greenish-yellow

Argon

Ar

18

Greek argos, meaning idle

 

Potassium

K

19

From English potash; K from kalium Medieval Latin for potash

Calcium

Ca

20

Latin calx, meaning lime

Scandium

Sc

21

Latin Scandia, the name for Scandanavia

Titanium

Ti

22

Named for the Titans of Greek mythology

23   50.9415 Vanadium V

Named for Vanadis, the Scandanavian goddess of beauty

24   51.9961 Chromium Cr

Greek chroma, meaning colour

25   54.938 Manganese Mn

 

 

Latin magnes, meaning magnet

26   55.845 Iron Fe

Anglo-Saxon iren; Fe, Latin ferrum, word for iron

27   58.9332 Cobalt Co

German kobald, meaning goblin

28   58.6934 Nickel Ni

German kupfernickel, meaning devil’s copper or St. Nicholas’ copper

29   63.546 Copper Cu

Old English coper, from Latin Cypreum aes

30   65.39 Zinc Zn

German zink

31   69.723 Gallium Ga

Latin Gallia, the name for France

32   72.64 Germanium Ge

Latin Germania, the name for Germany

33   74.9216 Arsenic As

Greek arsenikon, meaning yellow orpiment, a mineral

34   78.96 Selenium Se

Greek Selene, the name for the Moon

35   79.904 Bromine Br

Greek bromos, meaning stench

36   83.8 Krypton Kr

Greek kryptos, meaning hidden

37   85.4678 Rubidium Rb

Latin rubidius, meaning deepest red

38   87.62 Strontium Sr

Named for the town of Strontian, Scotland

39   88.9059 Yttrium Y

Named for Ytterby, Sweden

40   91.224 Zirconium Zr

Arabian zargun, meaning gold-coloured

41   92.9064 Niobium Nb

For Niobe in Greek mythology

42   95.94 Molybdenum Mo

Greek molybdos, meaning lead

43 * 98 Technetium Tc

Greek tekhnetos, meaning artificial

44   101.07 Ruthenium Ru

Derived from Latin name for Russia

45   102.9055 Rhodium Rh

Greek rhodon, meaning rose-coloured

46   106.42 Palladium Pd

For the asteroid Pallas; for the Greek goddess of wisdom

47   107.8682 Silver Ag

Anglo-Saxon siolfur, the word for silver; Ag, Latin argentum, the word for silver

48   112.411 Cadmium Cd

Latin cadmia, meaning mineral calamine

49   114.818 Indium In

Latin indicum, meaning violet or indigo

50   118.71 Tin Sn

Anglo-Saxon tin; Sn, Latin stannum, meaning hard

51   121.76 Antimony Sb

 

 

Greek anti – monos, meaning not – alone; Latin stibium, the name of antimony sulfide in ancient times

52   127.6 Tellurium Te

Latin tellus, meaning Earth

53   126.9045 Iodine I

Greek iodes, meaning violet

54   131.293 Xenon Xe

Greek zenos, meaning stranger
Tagged In :

Get help with your homework


image
Haven't found the Essay You Want? Get your custom essay sample For Only $13.90/page

Sarah from studyhippoHi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out