Electricity and Magnetism Test Study Guide

Static Electricity
is a buildup of electrical charges on the surface of an object

Current Electricity
occurs when a circuit and a power source allow electrons to move

static electricity
lightning is

Insulator
a material that does not allow electricity to flow through it

Conductor
a material that allows electricity to flow through it easily

Resistor
is any material that reduces the flow of electrons

Circuit
a continuous unbroken path

Switch
a conductor that can be moved to either bridge or not bridge the gap in a circuit

Series circuit
allows electricity to follow only one path

parallel circuit
allows electricity to follow more than only one path

Magnet
any material that has the ability to attract iron

Electromagnet
a coil of wire with a core attached to an electrical source

Generator
a machine that uses the movement of a magnet and a coil of wire to convert motion into electrical energy