EDSP 370 – Flashcard

question

D
answer

According to the APA, in order to be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, an individual must meet each of these criteria EXCEPT A) clinically significant, persistent defects in social communication and interactions B) restricted, repetitive pattern of behavior, interests, and activities C) symptoms must be present in early childhood D) evidence of echolalia, a unique language pattern with repetition of words and phrases
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C
answer

A condition characterized by normal development for at least 2 and up to 10 years, followed by a significant loss of skills is A) Asperger syndrome. B) Rett syndrome. C) childhood disintegrative disorder. D) pervasive developmental disorder.
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A
answer

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, how many people have an autism spectrum disorder? A) about 1 out of 110 B) about 1 out of 2,500 C) about 1 out of 333 D) about 1 out 88
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C
answer

Most scientists argue that the dramatic increase in prevalence statistics for autism is due to each of the following EXCEPT A) a widening of the criteria used for diagnosis. B) a greater awareness of autism in general. C) widespread use of vaccinations for babies. D) “diagnostic substitution” (diagnosing with autism rather than intellectual disability).
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D
answer

Each of the following supports a neurological basis for autism EXCEPT A) People with autism have a high incidence of brain seizures and cognitive deficits. B) Postmortem and neurological imaging studies have implicated several areas of the brain that differ from those of people without disabilities. C) People with autism may have experienced sudden, excessive brain growth followed by a deceleration in growth. D) Studies show that when one sibling is diagnosed with autism, the chances are much higher that another sibling has autism. (Genetic Causes)
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B
answer

The desire to communicate for social reasons is A) pragmatic language. B) communicative intent. C) echolalia. D) conversational impetus.
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C
answer

Repetitive, ritualistic motor movements such as twirling, flapping hands, and rocking are known as A) impaired social responsiveness. B) impaired communication. C) stereotypic behaviors. a.k.a verbal behaviors D) preoccupation with objects.
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A
answer

The social skills that are not taught directly but people are assumed to know, or social rules or conventions that most of us learn incidentally, are what is referred to as the A) hidden curriculum. B) secret curriculum. C) social curriculum. D) undisclosed curriculum.
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C
answer

The way people use language in social situations is A) communicative intent. B) semantics. C) pragmatics. D) syntax.
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B
answer

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) includes each of the following components EXCEPT A) using structured lessons. B) limited use of reinforcement. C) focus on functional skills. D) require continuous assessment of progress.
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C
answer

Functional behavioral assessment is used to reduce or eliminate negative behaviors. The purposes the behaviors serve for a person are A) antecedents. B) setting events. C) consequences. D) motivations.
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B
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Communication requires A) language. B) encoding and decoding. C) speech. D) listening and speaking.
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D
answer

Each of the following is a misconception about autism spectrum disorders A) It is a single, well-defined category of disability. B) People with autism spectrum disorders are all intellectually disabled. C) People with autism are impaired in some cognitive areas but are highly intelligent or geniuses in others. D) There is no evidence that bad parenting causes autism.
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A
answer

Requesting objects, rejecting interactions, sharing ideas, and seeking social interaction are examples of A) communicative function. B) communication. C) language. D) expressive language.
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B
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The communication of ideas through an arbitrary system of symbols used according to certain rules that determine meaning is A) speech. B) language. C) communication. D) phonology.
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A
answer

Encoding, or sending messages, is referred to as A) expressive language. B) receptive language. C) discourse. D) communication.
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D
answer

Decoding, or understanding messages, is referred to as A) communication. B) expressive language. C) discourse. D) receptive language.
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C
answer

The neuromuscular activity of forming and sequencing the sounds of oral language is called A) communication. B) discourse. C) speech. D) phonology.
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B
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“Phonology” refers to linguistic rules governing A) construction of sentences. B) sound combinations. C) patterns of language use. D) construction of word forms.
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D
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The meanings and concepts people attach to words and sentences are referred to as A) morphology. B) pragmatics. C) syntax. D) semantics.
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D
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A language disorder that involves problems with functional and socially appropriate communication is A) communication. B) semantics. C) speech. D) pragmatics.
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A
answer

Which one of the following is an articulation disorder? A) lisping B) stuttering C) aphasia D) mutism
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C
answer

The dimensions of voice are A) resonance, pitch, and tone. B) resonance, loudness, and quality. C) pitch, loudness, and quality. D) resonance, pitch, and quality.
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A
answer

The most common fluency disorder is A) stuttering. B) acquired aphasia. C) echolalia. D) dysarthria.
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C
answer

The primary role of the classroom teacher is to facilitate development of which aspect of language? A) phonology B) semantics C) pragmatics D) morphology
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A
answer

From the physiological perspective, the distinction between “deaf” and “hard of hearing” is based on A) decibels levels detected. B) frequency of sounds detected. C) location of hearing loss. D) language ability.
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B
answer

From an educational point of view, how is “deafness” best defined? A) a condition present since birth B) an inability to understand speech even with a hearing aid C) a hearing loss of more than 90 dB in at least one ear D) a condition of old age
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D
answer

The term “hard of hearing” is used to describe people with hearing impairment who A) were not born deaf but became deaf later in life. B) have a mild hearing loss. C) have a conductive hearing loss. D) have enough residual hearing to process sound with a hearing aid.
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D
answer

Simon has a hearing loss that occurred when he was seven years old. His loss is best described as A) conductive.-transfer of sounds with the middle or outer ear B) sensorineural.-problems of hearing with the inner ear C) congenital.-born deaf D) postlingual.
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A
answer

The “speech reception threshold” is best defined as the A) dB level at which one can understand speech. B) intensity and frequency of spoken English. C) Hz level at which the average person can detect sound. D) level at which the human ear can discriminate between similar sounds.
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C
answer

The most severe hearing impairments are associated with which part of the ear? A) middle ear B) eardrum C) inner ear D) outer ear
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D
answer

All of the following are problems associated with inner ear hearing loss EXCEPT A) sound distortion. B) balance problems. C) ringing noises. -as well as roaring problems D) draining fluid.
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C
answer

As a disability of children, blindness is A) one of the most prevalent disabilities. B) about average in prevalence compared to other sensory disabilities. C) the least prevalent disability. D) increasing rapidly in prevalence.
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C
answer

The legal definition of blindness involves assessment of A) color perception and visual acuity. B) field of vision and depth perception. C) visual acuity and field of vision. D) depth perception and color perception.
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B
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Even though he has visual acuity of 20/20, Jeff is considered legally blind. This is possible if he has severely restricted A) angular vision. B) peripheral vision. C) partial vision. D) low vision.
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A
answer

The educational definition of blindness and low vision stresses A) the method of reading instruction. B) using visual acuity as a predictor of how people will function. C) the method of vision assessment. D) using whatever remaining sight a person has.
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D
answer

For educational purposes, individuals who are blind A) are able to use a magnifying device. B) can still read print if it is large enough. C) have absolutely no sight. D) must use braille or aural methods.
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B
answer

Many students who are legally blind would not be considered blind from an educational perspective because they A) have a coexisting condition. B) are able to use vision for learning. C) are able to read Braille. D) are able to use hearing for learning.
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B
answer

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is caused by A) premature birth. B) excessive oxygen given to infants at birth. C) fetal alcohol syndrome. D) degenerative hereditary disease.
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D
answer

Most professionals now agree that the intelligence of people with blindness A) is usually higher than that of people with sight. B) is markedly lower than that of people with sight. C) is slightly lower than that of people with sight. D) can’t be compared directly to that of people with sight.
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B
answer

Which of the following statements about the conceptual abilities of children with visual impairment is true? A) The performance of infants with visual problems is the same as that of their peers with sight on conceptual tasks. B) Adults need to directly encourage infants and toddlers with vision problems to explore their environment as they are less likely than their sighted peers to do so on their own. C) Touch is just as efficient as sight for arriving at conceptualizations of objects. D) Infants with vision problems pick up information incidentally in the same way as their peers with sight.
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B
answer

A skill used by people who are blind to aid them in acquiring mobility is A) sequential mapping. B) spatial ability. C) Doppler effect. D) tactual perception.
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B
answer

When walking, Lisa, an eighteen-year-old with blindness, has learned to attend to the subtle changes in pitch of echoes from objects as she moves towards them. Which phenomenon is responsible for these changes? A) obstacle sense B) Doppler effect C) echolalia D) tactual perception
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D
answer

People who are blind A) develop better acuity in their other senses. B) are superior to sighted people in musical ability. C) have lowered thresholds for sensation in touch and hearing. D) learn to make better use of the sensations they obtain.
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A
answer

Each of the following statements about severe and multiple disabilities is true EXCEPT A) A person with TBI can be expected, with time and care, to recover completely and function without disabilities. B) Many people with severe and multiple disabilities can now live independently or semi-independently. C) People who cannot speak can still carry on conversations. D) Many people with severe and multiple disabilities can be employed outside of sheltered workshops.

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