Drivers Ed Unit 3

Flashcard maker : Sienna Rogers
One of the foundations for effective driving is
Developing options
Driving safety requires how many of your senses?
5
Those who are color-blind cannot distinguish between the colors
Red and green
Depth perception is the ability to judge
The relative distance of objects
To avoid the nighttime glare from the headlights of an oncoming vehicle, look
Beyond the headlights and to the right edge of the roadway
Drivers who are color-blind can compensate by
Knowing the position of the lights in a traffic signal
Every intersection where streets with sidewalks meet has a
Crosswalk
Night vision can be reduced by
Headlight glare, dark windshield, and dirty headlamps
For your eyes to adjust to darkness after being exposed to glare, it can take up to
5 seconds
One of the most common sources of vehicle vibration comes from a vehicle’s
Tires
While driving, you should be looking down the road by at least
20 to 30 seconds
Looking from side to side helps you see
Cars and people that may be in the road by the time you reach them, signs that warn of problems ahead, and signs giving you directions
To make sure no one is about the enter your driving path, you should always look to the sides at
Crosswalks
If you are driving with your high beams on, you should switch to low beams when traffic is
500 feet away
Your plan for giving meaning to the driving task should include
How to look, where to look and what to look for
Giving meaning to the driving task is aided by
Your driving experience
The most important sense used in driving is
Vision
When you drive at night, you need to compensate for
Reduced visibility
Balance is controlled by the
Inner ear
Any place where one line of traffic meets another is an
Intersection
You should always leave yourself a what to avoid a collision?
Path of escape
You should always what when increasing or decreasing speed?
Use systematic searching and scanning
T or F: If you are monetarily blinded by glare, you can keep driving normally because an oncoming car will pass quickly.
False
T or F: Even if your tires are worn or out of balance, they will not do any damage to other components of the vehicle.
False
T or F: You tend to steer your vehicle in the direction in which you are looking.
True
T or F: You do not always have to stop and yield to pedestrians in crosswalks to allow them to cross the street.
False
T or F: Ground viewing is a scanning technique.
True
T or F: How alert you are does not affect giving meaning to events on the road.
False
T or F: It takes your full, undivided attention to drive safely.
True
A mental process concerning understanding what you perceive
Giving meaning
Sprinting action due to a loss of traction
Yaw
Looking at everything in the driving environment
Searching
The ability to judge the distance of objects
Depth perception
A measure of how well you see
Visual acuity
Saying aloud what you sense in real-world traffic situations
Commentary driving
A vehicle’s side-to-side balance
Roll
What you can see to the sides
Fringe vision
Forward/backward vertical movement of the car
Pitch
Picking up bits of information quickly with quick looks
Scanning
Options in a driving situation are based on a driver’s
Knowledge, experience, and skills
When determining your options, you will gather information and make
Choices, assumptions, and comparisons
Assumptions are
Events you think might happen
Aggressive driving can include
Weaving
A choice is
The selection between two or more possible options
Before you can successfully respond to a driving event, you must have adequate
Visibiluty
The total time needed for a person to determine his or her options and choose one is known as
Human-perception time
As a driver, you will constantly have to adjust your
Speed
When you double your speed, it takes how much longer to stop?
4 times
On an icy road, you should reduce your speed
To a crawl
An accepted technique for managing time and space is
Steering, accelerating, and signaling
The best way to avoid collisions is to
Maintain adequate space around your vehicle
Your visual lead is
The distance you can see ahead of your vehicle
The ideal following interval between you and the front vehicle in front of or behind you is
Three seconds
The response zone is
Further ahead of you than the potential immediate crash zone
You should increase your following distance to more than normal when driving
At night, at high speed, when being tailgated
If possible, it is best to have a space on each side of your car at least
Eight feet
You should provide a little extra space when you pass
Driveways
You should not try to pass a vehicle when
Another vehicle is in your blind spot, you are in another vehicle’s blind spot, and when visibility is poor
The options you have in a driving situation depend on your
Situation
Making good choices allows you to successfully manage
Time, space, and visibility
The time it takes a vehicle to respond is known as
Vehicle-reaction time
When you double your speed, your vehicle’s destructive power is multiplied by
Four
Braking during a curve can cause you to what and skid?
Lock the wheels
Where you identify objects/conditions that may require a response or continuous attention is the
Visual control zone
The response zone is how many seconds ahead of you?
8 to 12
A safe space margin is called a
Space cushion
The chance of injury, damage, or loss is called
Risk
Faced with two dangerous situations, you should what by giving the most room to the one with greatest consequences?
Compromise
T or F: Making assumptions is an essential ability related to determining options.
True
T or F: Aggressive driving causes more than 50 percent of all motor-vehicle accidents.
True
T or F: Driving too fast is not a major cause of crashes, injuries, or fatalities.
False
T or F: An empty truck requires less stopping distance than a full truck.
False
T or F: You should never exceed the maximum recommended tire pressure for you vehicle.
True
T or F: The visual control zone is five seconds ahead of you.
False
T or F: If you have excellent reflexes, you may drive faster than the distance you can see ahead.
False
T or F: You should encourage a tailgater to pass by slowing gradually and moving to the right side of the lane.
True
T or F: Timing is most important for situations involving multiple moving objects.
True
T or F: If you miss a turn on a busy street, stop and back up instead of going to the next intersection.
False

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