developmental psych review 4 Essay

question

According to Jean Piaget and Harry Stack Sullivan, what is the primary mode through which children learn from their peers?
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reciprocal interactions
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Running, jumping, sliding, and throwing balls are examples of:
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practice play
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Which of the following outcomes is linked to having a history of physical abuse?
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depression
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Modern care providers are concerned with helping individuals experience a “good death,” which generally includes all of the following EXCEPT:
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privacy from loved ones.
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The parenting style that encourages a child to be independent but still places limits and controls on their actions is termed by Baumrind as:
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authoritative.
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In contrast to those of many other cultures, people in the United States:
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are death avoiders and death deniers.
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Which of the following is a TRUE statement about adolescents with older friends?
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They are more likely to engage in delinquent behaviors.
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Following an accident, homicide, or suicide, individuals discuss details surrounding the death in an attempt to:
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put death into a perspective they can understand and accept.
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_____ involves a parent or teacher adjusting the level of guidance to fit the child’s performance.
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Scaffolding
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Which of the following lists Kübler-Ross’s stages of dying in the correct order?
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denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance
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If all electrical activity of the brain has ceased for a specified period of time, an individual is:
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brain dead.
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Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding gay or lesbian relationships?
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Areas of conflict in a homosexual relationship are very like those of heterosexual partners.
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Euthanasia that occurs by withholding available treatment is termed:
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passive.
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Which of the following is a known benefit of vacation/leisure time?
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better health and lower mortality rate
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Hospice is a program designed to:
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make the end of life as free from pain and anxiety as possible.
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Which peer status group includes children who are not disliked by peers but who don’t have best friends or a regular group of friends?
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neglected
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Much of adolescent-parent conflict is born of a need to balance:
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autonomy and attachment.
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Which of the following statements is TRUE of bullying?
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Many bullies are not rejected by the peer group.
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Car accidents, suicide, and homicide cause the most deaths to those in:
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adolescence.
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Euthanasia that occurs when death is deliberately induced is termed:
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active.
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In which social context does reciprocal socialization take place?
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microsystem
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Which of the following is TRUE of marital satisfaction?
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Individuals in happy marriages tend to live longer than those in unhappy relationships.
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Which of the following terms refers to an individual’s tendency to consider his/her own group superior to others?
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ethnocentrism
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Memorial Day in the United States and the Day of the Dead in Mexico are part of which death system component?
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times
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In some cases denial of death may be a positive response. Which of the following could be a reason for this?
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It can soften the emotional impact of impending death.
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Behavior patterns, beliefs, and all other products of a group of people that are passed on from generation to generation are known collectively as:
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culture.
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Corporal punishment by parents is associated with all of the following EXCEPT:
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higher levels of long-term compliance.
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Being single offers the potential advantage of _____, but the potential disadvantage of _____.
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self-reliance; lack of intimacy
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Which of the following is an advantage of having children later (in their 30s)?
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Parents are likely to be more mature.
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In order to help children deal effectively with divorce, it is important for parents to:
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maintain as much of what is familiar to the child as possible.
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The restrictive, punitive parenting style in which parents exhort the child to follow directions and be respectful is termed by Baumrind as:
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authoritarian.
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Freud and Erikson believe that play helps children:
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master anxieties and conflicts.
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Which parenting style may lead children who are egocentric, domineering, and noncompliant?
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indulgent
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Teen-parent conflict in early adolescence is likely to center around:
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everyday events of family life.
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Not all friendships are healthy or positive. Which of the following friend characteristics is NOT developmentally advantageous?
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coercive
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Which of the following traits is linked to impaired peer relations?
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negative emotionality
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Most physicians define death as the cessation of function in the _____ portion of the brain
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higher
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Which of the following is by far the MOST common form of child maltreatment?
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neglect
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Arlene is not sure how to handle her son’s questions about his grandfather’s death. How would a psychologist advise Arlene?
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She should discuss the topic honestly and at an age-appropriate level.
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Which two factors appear to be associated with greater poverty in old age?
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sex and ethnicity
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Which of the following activities has been shown to increase an adolescent’s initiative?
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structured activities
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Compared to adult men, adult women tend to have _____ close friends and friendships that are more _____.
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more; intimate
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Which of the following is NOT a recommended strategy for dealing with divorce?
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start dating as soon as you can
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Which two factors may work as adaptive strategies for facing death?
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denial and perceived control
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Young children’s pretense/symbolic play fosters which of the following capacities?
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balancing of social roles
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Which peer status includes children who are both actively liked and actively disliked by peers?
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controversial
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Grief is a:
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complex, evolving process with multiple dimensions including separation anxiety, pining, and sadness.
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Daniel Berlyne believes that play helps children:
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explore new things as a way to satisfy their natural curiosity about the world.
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Women generally adjust better than men after a death of a spouse because:
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women have better social networks, closer family relationships, and more psychological coping strategies.
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Which of the following is an advantage of having children early (in their 20s)?
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all of these

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