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Crossword & Word Search Ch. 1

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As societies have become more diverse, the area of study called MULTICULTURAL psychology has emerged, with the goal of understanding the psychological differences of individuals from various races, cultures, ethnicities and cultures
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PLACEBO therapy which gets its name from a Latin word that means “I shall please,” makes use of an imitation treatment of some sort
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Dr. Zarkiah is conducting an experiment to determine whether a new headache medication effectively treats migraines. So that he can know for sure if his new medicine is effective, he must try to eliminate each and every CONFOUND from his study which are factors other than the independent variable (medicine) that may influence his dependent variable (migraine pain)
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The PSYCHOGENIC perspective, suggesting that the chief causes of abnormal functioning are psychological, was championed by such theorists as Friedrich Anton Mesmer, Josef Bruer, and Sigmund Freud
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When an individual’s abnormal behaviors interfere with their daily responsibilities (e.g., social interactions, work responsibilities, self-care), they are experiencing the DYSFUNCTION criterion of abnormality
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The work of a Boston schoolteacher who campaigned for the moral and kind treatment of those with mental illnesses led to the opening of many STATE hospitals in the united states.
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Juanita really enjoys wearing freshly sliced onions around her neck when she goes into town to do her marketing. Because this is such an unusual behavior, Juanita’s behaviors are a prime example of the DEVIANCE criterion of abnormality.
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The Three Faces of Eve is an example of a, particularly well-known CASE STUDY. It describes a woman who suffered from disassociative identity disorder
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The dominant form of health coverage is the MANAGED CARE program, in which insurance companies determine key issues about nature of therapy for those in need of such services
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While either the experiments or participants in a research study can be kept unaware of who is in the control group and who is in the experimental group, it is best that they both be kept unaware. This is called a
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Double Blind design
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In experimental research, the variable that is manipulated by the researcher is referred to as the
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Independent variable
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An EXPERIMENT is a research procedure in which one variable is manipulated to see if it causes a change in another variable
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Chaim is interested in knowing how many cases of schizophrenia have appeared in the entire country of Israel over the past three decades. Because his research includes both current and past cases that have appeared in a particular time period, Chaim is studying the PREVALENCE of schizophrenia
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Clinical theorist Tomas SCASZ has asserted that the entire concept of mental illness is an invalid myth that is forwarded by societies that wish to control the actions of people who behave in unusual ways
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As a result of medications used to treat psychological illnesses, a policy of DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION, or releasing hundreds of thousands of patients from public mental hospitals, has been adopted by many of the developed nations of the world
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In an experiment, the CONTROL group is a group of research participants who are not exposed to the dependent variable under investigation. This group provides an important baseline to which the experimental group can be compared
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Lizette is quite convinced that mental illnesses are caused by disruptions in a person’s physical functioning. This approach to pathology is known as the SOMATOGENIC perspective
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One of the most important discoveries in the early days of the somatogenic perspective was was that an organic illness, syphilis, led to general PERESIS. This was an irreversible disorder that included both physical and mental symptoms such as paralysis and delusions of grandeur
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The difference between experiments and QUASI-experiments is that in the latter, subjects are not randomly assigned to the various participant groups. This sort of research is also called a mixed design.
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A society’s norms grow from its particular CULTURE, which refers to its history, values, institutions, habits, skills, technology, and arts
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Dr. Wash is studying the relationship between growing up in poverty and developing behavioral disorders in childhood and adolescence. He follows the same 500 children over the course of several years, which is a research approach called a LONGITUDINAL study
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Antidepressant, antipsychotic, and anti anxiety drugs are all forms of PSCYHOTROPHIC medications, which are drugs that primarily affect the brain and alleviate many symptoms of mental dysfunction
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Jordan is interested in answering questions related to the appearance of symptoms in individuals with schizophrenia. She follows a very specific process of posing questions, specs on the answers, gathering data, and evaluating different conclusions. This formal process is called the
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Scientific method
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RANDOM ASSIGNMENT is a general term that refers to any selection procedure that ensures every participant in an experiment has the same chance of being assigned to the control or experimental group
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During the Renaissance, several hospitals and monasteries were converted into facilities where the primary purpose was to care for people with mental illnesses. The name of such an institution is
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Asylum
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DISTRESS is a criterion of abnormality that refers to a subjective state of discomfort. Though often present in those with mental illnesses, it is not always seen, and thus is an important but not fail-safe predictor of psychopathology
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Hippocrates often referred to as the father of modern medicine believed that mental illnesses were caused by an imbalance of HUMORS, or fluids that flowed through the body. They included blood, phlegm, and yellow and black bile
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The stated and unstated rules for proper conduct that are established by a particular culture or society are referred to as NORMS
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The CORRELATION coefficient is a number that falls between -1.00 and +1.00 and represents the relationship that exists between two variables. This statistic cannot be used to indicate a cause-and-effect relationship between the variables in question.
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All forms of TREATMENT require three essentials features, one of which is the presence of a series of contacts between a competent healer and an individual who is suffering from some sort of problem
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NATURAL experiments, which are actually a type of quasi-experiment, are so named because the independent variables are manipulated by nature, not the researcher
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Many of today’s mental health programs focus on PREVENTION, which refers to targeting and addressing the various social conditions that underlie psychological problems and helping individuals who are at risk for developing emotional difficulties
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EPIDEMILOGICAL studies examine both the incidence and prevalence of a specific disorder within a given population
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Psychologist Martin Seligman has produced depression-like symptoms in lab participants-both animals and humans- by repeatedly exposing them to negative events. This is an example of an
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Analogue study
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When one research participant is studied before and after some sort of experimental manipulation of an independent variable, this is called a
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Single-subject experimental design
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The theory of PSYCHOANALYSIS first posited by Sigmund Freud, held that many forms of abnormal and normal psychological functioning are psychogenic in nature; that is, they are caused by unconscious psychological processes
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Marquisha wants to know how many new cases of rubella have occurred during the past six months. Her desire to study the number of cases appearing in a given time period is referred to as the study of
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Incidence
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Katrina is interested in studying ABNORMAL psychology, which focuses on the scientific study of unusual or pathological behaviors in order to describe, predict, explain, and change unhealthy or maladaptive ways of functioning
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POSITIVE psychology is the study and enhancement of feelings, such as optimism and happiness, and traits such as perseverance and wisdom. The promotion of wellness is a major goal of this type of psychology.
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Despite popular misconception, most people are struggling with depression, anxiety, and even bizarre thinking pose no immediate DANGER to themselves or anyone else
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A procedure designed to help change abnormal behavior into more normal behavior. Also called therapy.
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Treatment
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A society’s stated and unstated rules for proper conduct
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Norms
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Classification of medications that primarily affect the brain and reduce various symptoms of mental dysfunction
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Psychotrophic
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The discharge of large numbers of patients from long-term institutional care so that they might be treated in community programs
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Deinstitutionalized
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A research procedure in which a variable is manipulated and the effect of the manipulation is observed
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Experiment
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A subfield of psychology that focuses on the study and enhancement of feelings, traits, and abilities
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Positive
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The perspective that abnormal psychological functioning has physical causes
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Psychogenic
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A detailed account of a person’s life and psychological problems
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Case study
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A 19th-century approach to treating people with mental dysfunction that emphasized guidance and humane and respectful treatment
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Moral Treatment
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A general understanding of the nature, causes, and treatments of abnormal psychological functioning in the form of laws or principles
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Nomothetic Understanding
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A type of institution that first became popular in the 16th century to provide care for persons with mental disorders. Most became virtual prisons.
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Asylum
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Person who deviates from conventional norms in odd, irregular, or even bizarre ways, but is not displaying a psychological disorder
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Eccentric
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The perspective that the chief causes of abnormal functioning are psychological
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Psychogenic perspective
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The degree to which events or characteristics vary along with each other
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Correlation
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An ancient operation in which a stone instrument was used to cut away a circular section of the skull, perhaps to treat abnormal behavior
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Trephination
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The practice in early societies of treating abnormality by coaxing evil spirits to leave a person’s body
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Exorcism
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A sham treatment that the subject in an experiment believes to be genuine
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Placebo therapy
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In an experiment, a variable other than the independent variable that may also be acting on the dependent variable
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Control Group
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A people’s common history, values, institutions, habits, skills, technology, and arts
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Culture