CRJ 225 Chapter 1

question

The social responsibility perspective considers the causes of crime to be individual perpetrators. T or F
answer

true
question

A social program that encourages teenagers to stay in school and graduate is typical of the social problems perspective. T or F
answer

True
question

The General Theory of Crime suggests that all types of criminal and deviant behavior can be explained by a lack of self-control. This is an example of a(n)______ theory.
answer

unicasual
question

The social responsibility perspective focuses on the____
answer

individual
question

The social ____ perspective holds that crime manifests from underlying social issues such as poverty, discrimination, and pervasive family violence.
answer

problems
question

Which recent development in national crime control policy was NOT substantially influenced by the social responsibility perspective?
answer

The creation of the Job Corps to reduce unemployment by encouraging the development of job skills
question

The difficulty in reaching an agreement regarding legalizing marijuana is an example of social consensus. T or F
answer

false
question

____is the process by which one acquires the cultural values of one’s society.
answer

Socialization
question

Social relativity means that the offender and the victim interpret crime in a similar way T or F
answer

False
question

Gun control debate is an example of the _____ perspective.
answer

Pluralistic
question

Adopting the psychological perspective of crime would greatly expand the scope of criminology. T or F
answer

True
question

What is not true about the social problems perspective?
answer

It emphasizes crime prevention efforts such as harsher sentences and the development of rehabilitation programs.
question

Criminal justice focuses on questions about the causes of crime. T or F
answer

False
question

The ______ perspective says that laws should be enhanced to criminalize certain behaviors when members of society generally agree that such laws are necessary.
answer

Consensus
question

There is a growing tendency to apply the term criminologist to anyone who works in the criminal justice field. T or F
answer

False
question

The belief that crime is an antisocial act of such a nature that repression is necessary to preserve the existing system of society is the basis of the _____ perspective on crime
answer

Sociological
question

Translational criminology focuses on taking research findings and converting them into social policy. T or F
answer

True
question

A(n)____ of crime attempts to explain all or most forms of criminal conduct through a single, overarching approach.
answer

general
question

A theory that attempts to explain all types of criminal behavior is general theory of crime. T or F
answer

True
question

The consequences of crime include both outputs and interpretations T or F
answer

True
question

You are running late to class and there is an exam today. To get to class on time, you drive about 10 miles over the speed limit. This is an example of behavior that is ______
answer

criminal but not deviant
question

Victims may actively contribute to their own victimization through the appearance of___
answer

defenselessness
question

The book recognizes that crime is not an isolated individual activity but a(n)______ event.
answer

social

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member