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Corrections Final Exam

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Process for male inmates entering prison
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classification and booking
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What is the “big house” ?
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a fortress like prison
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Prisonization
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the process by which inmates learn and internalize the customs and culture of prison
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Views on imates rights
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*legalistic view-convicted felons do not hve rights other than those conferred on them by law. Inmates are entitled to due process of the law, even in confinement. *Crime control view-The suffering inmates endure serves to deter future criminal behaviors. The fewer rights inmates have, the greater the deterrent effect of punishment. *Humanistic view-inmates are humans who have made mistakes and are being punished.
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What does the 4th amendment address?
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searches and seizers
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Depravation model
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a model that views the losses experienced by an inmate during incarceration as one of the costs of imprisonment.
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Importation model
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a model that suggests that the influences prisoners bring into the prison affect their process of imprisonment
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Reasons prisoners have sued
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Argot
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a form of slang inmates use in prison settings to express how they feel
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What does the first amendment protect?
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religion and speech
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What is a jail house lawyer?
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inmate that knows all the legal stuff
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The grievance process in prison
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inmate complaints
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At risk inmates
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protective custody
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The role of correctional officers
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maintainers of order and security and advocates of treatment and rehabilitation
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Woman prisioners make up what percent of the population?
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7%
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Common social structures found in womens prisons
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make-believe families and same-sex relationships
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Kinship network
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a type pf prison socialization in which women deal with incarceration by becoming part of make believe families
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Offenders are least likely to recividate when..
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they complete rehab and volunteer for treatment
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Risk assessment
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before intake process
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Behavior modification
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changes someones behavior with punishment and reward
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Pressing issues in womens prisons
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motherhood, sexual abuse, health care
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What are the reasons many women remain silent uring the sentencing process?
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domestic violence, immigration status, economic dependency
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Who leads the self-help programs inside the prisons?
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inmates
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Some issues of female offenders
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psychological, substance
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What is the purpose of vocational training in prison?
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to get job when they are released
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Common medical conditions in prison include..
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HIV, AIDS, hepatitis B & C, tuberculosis, elderly, female health issues, mental health
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How many women in prison under madatory sentencing laws today have been convicted of conspiracy?
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about half
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Conjugal visit
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a visit lasting one or two days during which prisoners can enjoy private visitation with their families
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About how many offenders released from prison return within 3 years?
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about 50%
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Technical violation of parole is…
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breaking curfew, failing drug test, etc.
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Prison alcohol is called what?
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hooch
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Special needs inmates are..
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sick inmates
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About how many prison and jail inmates have a mental health problem?
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Over 50%
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About how many excecutions are carried out each year?
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fewer than 50
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What is the most predominate method of excecution
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lethal injection
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Civil commitment for sex offenders
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put in mental hospital with unknown release
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The parole board grants parole based on what?
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it’s assessment of the risk of the inmate to the community as well as his or her readiness to return to community life
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What are the majority of parolees sentenced for?
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drug offenses
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Parole
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the conditional release from confinement of an offender serving an indeterminate sentence.