Congress Study Guide

Congress has ____ sessions
2
Sessions last….
until Congress votes to adjourn
Members of the House of Representatives must be ___ years old
25
Members of the House of Representatives must be citizens for ___ years
7
Members of the House of Representatives must be …..
residents of their state
Senators must be ___ years old
30
Senators must be citizens for ___ years
9
1/3 of Senators are elected every ___ years
2
each state elects ___ senators
2
number of representatives is determined by the _______
census
1st benefit of Congressmen
set their salaries
2nd benefit of Congressmen
allowance for office staff and business trips
3rd benefit of Congressmen
tax breaks for maintaining 2 residences
4th benefit of Congressmen
pensions
5th benefit of Congressmen
immunity from arrest
6th benefit of Congressmen
immunity from libel suits
Congress may refuse to ____, ______, or _______ members
seat, censure, expel
members attend ______ _______ ________ to vote on legislation
house floor sessions
all laws begin as….
bills
all laws begin in …..
committees
which committee receives all bills approved by committees of the house?
the House Rules Committee
Which committee determines which bills will be voted on by the house & puts them on a calendar?
the House Rules Committee
Who presides over the Senate?
Vice President
Who presides over the Senate when the president is absent?
president pro tempore
Who is responsible for guiding bills through the senate, developing criticisms, and keeping the party together?
the Senate Majority floor leader
Who controls the flow of legislation in the Senate?
the majority party
Vice President
Joe Biden
President Pro tempore
Daniel Inouye
Senate Majority Leader
Harry Reid
Senate Minority Leader
Mitch McConnell
Speaker of the House
John Boehner
House Majority Leader
Eric Cantor
House Minority Leader
Nancy Pelosi
Both the house & senate depend on ________ to effectively consider the enormous amount of bills proposed each session
committees
_________ Hold public hearings & investigations to help the public learn about key problems facing the nation
committees
enables Congress to expand its powers
“necessary and proper” clause
______ _________of the elastic clause are reflected in Supreme Court rulings on the power of Congress
conflicting interpretations
powers of congress are limited by the ______
Bill of Rights and Constitution
power to _________ is one of Congress’s most important powers
levy taxes and appropriate money
Congress can _____ or ______ money and make laws about ________
borrow, coin, bankruptcy
Congress can regulate _______ and _______ commerce
foreign and interstate
Congress can approve ______, declare _____, and create and maintain an ______ and _____
treaties, war, army, navy
congress has power over _____ of citizens and admission of ___ _____
naturalization, new states
Congress can grant ____ & _______, and establish ______ ______ and a ____ ______
patents, copyrights, federal courts, post office
Which body of Congress elects the president if no majority is reached?
House of Representatives
Which body of Congress elects the Vice president if no majority is reached?
Senate
Congress can settle problems arising from the _____ of _______, president’s ______ or ________
death, candidates, incapacity, resignation
congress can remove officials from the _____ and _____ branches by impeachment
executive and judicial
Congress can approve ______ __________
presidential appointees
Congress shares with state legislatures the power to ______
propose and ratify constitutional amendments
Who investigates the conduct and ethics of government officials & congressmen?
select or standing committees of Congress
Investigations have a variety of consequences that range from
proposing new legislation to removing officials from office
congressional investigations ______ _____, _____ _______, and _____ _______ ____, but they are not _____
collect evidence, subpoena witnesses, grant witnesses immunity, trials
Congress uses this power to weigh how well the exec branch carries out its laws
legislative oversight
require Congress to review and study on a continuing basis, how its laws are applied, administered, & executed
Legislative Reorganization Acts of 1946 and 1970
Congress does not have enough _____, ____, or _____ to effectively monitor the executive branch
staff, time, money
Members of Congress represent ____, more ______ interests than the president
local, narrow
Constitutional system of ______ ____ ______ cause conflict between legislative & exec branch
checks and balances
____ _____ can affect relations between Congress & President
partisan differences
Congress’s ______ and ______ may cause conflicts with the President
organization and procedures
Members of Congress often serve in government ______ & may resist the president’s ______ for enacting laws
longer, timetable
Congress can limit or end _______ ______ it has granted the president
emergency powers
What created the Congressional Budget Office and limited the president’s ability to impound funds?
Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974
Congress no longer uses the ______ _____ but still seeks to ensure that the president carries out its intent in executing its laws
legislative veto
In 1996, Congress authorized the _____ ____ ____
line-item veto
in ____ the Supreme Court declared the _____ ____ _____ unconstitutional
1998, line-item veto