Congress Study Guide

Congress has ____ sessions
2

Sessions last….
until Congress votes to adjourn

Members of the House of Representatives must be ___ years old
25

Members of the House of Representatives must be citizens for ___ years
7

Members of the House of Representatives must be …..
residents of their state

Senators must be ___ years old
30

Senators must be citizens for ___ years
9

1/3 of Senators are elected every ___ years
2

each state elects ___ senators
2

number of representatives is determined by the _______
census

1st benefit of Congressmen
set their salaries

2nd benefit of Congressmen
allowance for office staff and business trips

3rd benefit of Congressmen
tax breaks for maintaining 2 residences

4th benefit of Congressmen
pensions

5th benefit of Congressmen
immunity from arrest

6th benefit of Congressmen
immunity from libel suits

Congress may refuse to ____, ______, or _______ members
seat, censure, expel

members attend ______ _______ ________ to vote on legislation
house floor sessions

all laws begin as….
bills

all laws begin in …..
committees

which committee receives all bills approved by committees of the house?
the House Rules Committee

Which committee determines which bills will be voted on by the house & puts them on a calendar?
the House Rules Committee

Who presides over the Senate?
Vice President

Who presides over the Senate when the president is absent?
president pro tempore

Who is responsible for guiding bills through the senate, developing criticisms, and keeping the party together?
the Senate Majority floor leader

Who controls the flow of legislation in the Senate?
the majority party

Vice President
Joe Biden

President Pro tempore
Daniel Inouye

Senate Majority Leader
Harry Reid

Senate Minority Leader
Mitch McConnell

Speaker of the House
John Boehner

House Majority Leader
Eric Cantor

House Minority Leader
Nancy Pelosi

Both the house & senate depend on ________ to effectively consider the enormous amount of bills proposed each session
committees

_________ Hold public hearings & investigations to help the public learn about key problems facing the nation
committees

enables Congress to expand its powers
“necessary and proper” clause

______ _________of the elastic clause are reflected in Supreme Court rulings on the power of Congress
conflicting interpretations

powers of congress are limited by the ______
Bill of Rights and Constitution

power to _________ is one of Congress’s most important powers
levy taxes and appropriate money

Congress can _____ or ______ money and make laws about ________
borrow, coin, bankruptcy

Congress can regulate _______ and _______ commerce
foreign and interstate

Congress can approve ______, declare _____, and create and maintain an ______ and _____
treaties, war, army, navy

congress has power over _____ of citizens and admission of ___ _____
naturalization, new states

Congress can grant ____ & _______, and establish ______ ______ and a ____ ______
patents, copyrights, federal courts, post office

Which body of Congress elects the president if no majority is reached?
House of Representatives

Which body of Congress elects the Vice president if no majority is reached?
Senate

Congress can settle problems arising from the _____ of _______, president’s ______ or ________
death, candidates, incapacity, resignation

congress can remove officials from the _____ and _____ branches by impeachment
executive and judicial

Congress can approve ______ __________
presidential appointees

Congress shares with state legislatures the power to ______
propose and ratify constitutional amendments

Who investigates the conduct and ethics of government officials & congressmen?
select or standing committees of Congress

Investigations have a variety of consequences that range from
proposing new legislation to removing officials from office

congressional investigations ______ _____, _____ _______, and _____ _______ ____, but they are not _____
collect evidence, subpoena witnesses, grant witnesses immunity, trials

Congress uses this power to weigh how well the exec branch carries out its laws
legislative oversight

require Congress to review and study on a continuing basis, how its laws are applied, administered, & executed
Legislative Reorganization Acts of 1946 and 1970

Congress does not have enough _____, ____, or _____ to effectively monitor the executive branch
staff, time, money

Members of Congress represent ____, more ______ interests than the president
local, narrow

Constitutional system of ______ ____ ______ cause conflict between legislative & exec branch
checks and balances

____ _____ can affect relations between Congress & President
partisan differences

Congress’s ______ and ______ may cause conflicts with the President
organization and procedures

Members of Congress often serve in government ______ & may resist the president’s ______ for enacting laws
longer, timetable

Congress can limit or end _______ ______ it has granted the president
emergency powers

What created the Congressional Budget Office and limited the president’s ability to impound funds?
Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974

Congress no longer uses the ______ _____ but still seeks to ensure that the president carries out its intent in executing its laws
legislative veto

In 1996, Congress authorized the _____ ____ ____
line-item veto

in ____ the Supreme Court declared the _____ ____ _____ unconstitutional
1998, line-item veto

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