Combo with "English Final: Nature, by Ralph Waldo Emerson" and 5 others

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This essay conveys all of the following except that the author
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thinks that reading is a way to escape the world for a while
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\”To go into solitude, a man needs to retire as much from his chamber as from society.\” What is the best paraphrase of this passage?
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to find peace, we cannot retreat to our homes
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Emerson makes this point in the first paragraph to show that
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people often take the beauty of nature for granted
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In this sentence from the passage, reverence most likely means
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respect or awe
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When Emerson refers to the stars as \”envoys of beauty\”, he is using which literary device?
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metaphor
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When Emerson says the stars \”light the universe with their admonishing smiles,\” he is using which literary device?
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personification
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This essay is an example of persuasive argument because it
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takes a stance on a particular issue
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Which major theme in American literature is found in this passage?
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the need to connect more fully to one’s world
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This passage reflects the time in which it was written in that it
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uses the words whilst and woodcutter
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Both the \”The Wild Swans at Coole\” and \”Nature\” draw upon nature to
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express a theme
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What is this an example of?: \”Susan cannot stand peanut butter! Whenever she sees or smells it, she is sickened!\”
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Aversion
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What is this an example of?: \”The girl scout pleaded and begged me to buy the samoa cookies like her life depended on it!\”
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Importune
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According to Emerson’s essay, \”Nature,\” what are some ways that the woods can change a man? (There are FOUR answers)
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-The ability to find truth in solitude and nature. -The ability to enjoy perfect exhilaration. -Man can cast off years. -He could return to reason and faith.
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According to Emerson, \”nature always wears the colors of the spirit.\” What does this mean?
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However you feel is how you look at nature.
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What does Emerson mean when he says, \”envy is ignorance?\”
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When you focus on what others have, you lose knowledge of yourself.
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According to Emerson, who is not afraid to be inconsistent?
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Great men, like Socrates, Pythagoras, and Galileo.
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What does Emerson mean when he says the fields and woods \”nod\” to him?
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Nature is acknowledging the relationship between man and nature by communication.
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What is one theme or main idea in Emerson’s essay, \”Self-Reliance,\” that illustrates an element of transcendentalism?
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Self-Reliance, look inward for truth.
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Why does Emerson think people try to be consistent?
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Society deems it appropriate; \”you are only as good as you word.\”
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What does Emerson mean when he says, \”I become a transparent eyeball,\” in his essay, \”Nature?\”
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He becomes part of nature, loses egotism, and becomes simply a lover of beauty.
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What is an aphorism?
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A statement that explains a general principle or truth about life that is usually one sentence long.
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What is this an example of?\” \”To be great is to be misunderstood.\”
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An aphorism.
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According to Emerson, what is the \”greatest delight\” in nature?
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The occult (mysterious) relationship between man and nature.
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What does Emerson mean when he says, \”imitation is suicide?\”
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Trying to be like others kills your own spirit.
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What is this an example of?: \”Mr. Smith tends to think and act differently than the people around him.\”
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Nonconformist.
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According to Emerson, who believes consistency is important?
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Society.
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Authors–Give important biographical information for the following authors: Washington Irving
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Wrote \”Devil & Tom Walker\” wrote \”sleepy hollow\” 1st american fiction writer to achieve international fame people criticized irving so harshly from \”The Devil & Tom Walker\” that he stopped writing fiction after. he gave up after rejection had a pen name/pseudonym \”dietrich knickerbocker\” writes about strange characters took folk stories from europe ( primarily in germany ) and put wrote it for america
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Authors–Give important biographical information for the following authors: Edgar Allan Poe
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wrote with Unity of Effect tormented, depressing life alcoholic, abused drugs wrote poetry before short stories wrote the raven wrote the fall of the house of usher father of modern mystery married his cousin
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Authors–Give important biographical information for the following authors: Nathaniel Hawthorne
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very secretive about his life, hidden but we don’t really know about it. he writes a lot of depressing stuff, married his whole life, died of a sudden illness, his great great grandfather was a man that didn’t apologize at the salem witch trials, he’s very affected and bothered by this. writes most of his works in the puritan time in salem. writes in black and white wrote \”scarlet letter\”
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Define Romanticism: Major Ideas
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An escape from reality, usually escapes to nature. focuses on individualism, emotion, nature, the supernatural used to learn about the psychology of people no logic or science
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Define Romanticism- Dark Romantics vs. Transcendentalists
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Dark Romantics used gothic stories and settings, less optimistic and depressing, focused on sin and evil, what secrets or veils do we wear. transcendentalists had an optimistic vision. glass is half full.
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\”The Devil and Tom Walker\” – major plot events
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tom takes a shortcut, goes in swamp, meets Old Scratch, Scratch tells Tom about Kidd, Scratch offers a deal to Tom, Tom goes home and explains to wife, wife wants money, tom is hesitant, wife goes to swamp, tom wonders where wife is, goes to swamp, finds out wife is dead, fine with it, Scratch and Tom make a deal, Tom becomes rich from robbing people as a usurer, becomes religious by carrying a bible and going to church, one day bible is under mortgages, Scratch arrives, Tom is taken by Scratch to Hell.
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\”The Devil and Tom Walker\” – theme/moral
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Greed leads us down the wrong path, down to hell.
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\”The Devil and Tom Walker\” – allegory
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Old Scratch personifies evil and temptation. Tom Walker represents hypocrisy
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\”The Devil and Tom Walker\” – symbols
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the bible being buried under the mortgages the indian fort symbolizes hell the swamp symbolizes an ill chosen shortcut the trees symbolize the greedy people, appealed on the outside, rotten on the inside, and easy to fall.
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\”The Devil and Tom Walker\” – Romantic characteristics
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the devil is a supernatural being the city is where he becomes religiously corrupted goes to hell as an escape from reality.
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\”The Devil and Tom Walker\” – regionalism
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taking the german folk story to america.
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\”The Fall of the House of Usher\” – major plot events
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narrator goes to ushers’ house: an old mansion encircled by a small tarn. narrator crosses the tarn via bridge Usher receives the visitor, him and his sister are near death narrator provides company to roderick while he paints and plays the guitar madeline is buried in a large vault by roderick stormy night, narrator comes to usher’s bedroom, reads him stories stories are \”The Mad Trist\” and \”Ethelred\” hears similar noises in the house like the noises in the stories madeline is alive roderick and madeline fall dead house collapses in two narrator barely escapes
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\”The Fall of the House of Usher\” – imagery surrounding Roderick
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dual nature in humanity, two sides to everything.
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\”The Fall of the House of Usher\” – imagery surrounding Madeline
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dual nature in humanity, two sides to everything.
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\”The Fall of the House of Usher\” – imagery surrounding house
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eye-like windows, mansion like a castle shut off from society..in nature, needs to cross a bridge, barely gets out alive.
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\”The Fall of the House of Usher\” – elements of Gothic fiction
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pessimistic dark and colorless depressing death
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\”The Fall of the House of Usher\” – point of view
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first person nameless describes what he sees
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\”The Fall of the House of Usher\” – thematic focus
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terminal illness madness incest
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\”The Fall of the House of Usher\” – symbolism
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the tarn reflecting the mansion madeline as the twin of roderick, reflecting his image and personality the desire of the Ushers to isolate themselves from the outside world bridge over the tarn is Usher’s only link to the outside world the name Usher, stands for doorkeeper, opens the door to a frightening world for the narrator the storm, the turbulent emotions experienced by the characters the collapsing mansion, the fall of the Usher family
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\”The Minister’s Black Veil\” – major plot events
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Sermon
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\”The Minister’s Black Veil\” – symbolism
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\”The Minister’s Black Veil\” – allegory
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\”The Minister’s Black Veil\” – imagery
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\”The Minister’s Black Veil\” – conflicts
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\”The Minister’s Black Veil\” – theme
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\”The Minister’s Black Veil\” – reflections of Puritanism
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\”The Minister’s Black Veil\” – reflections of Romanticism
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black veil focuses on the human psyche.
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what do all stories focus on?
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sins of the main characters D+TW=Greed TFOTHOU=Incest THMB=Murder
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according to emerson, what is genius?
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to believe that what is true for you is true for all
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what is the lesson emerson would have people learn from great works of art?
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they follow their own instincts and want people to trust their instincts too
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according to emerson, how should a person approach his or her work?
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with confidence, determination, and willingness to do best
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how does emerson describe society? what approach to society does emerson say a person must strive for?
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a conspiracy against individuality; nonconformity
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what does emerson say is his main concern? according to emerson, who is a great man?
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what he alone must do; one who maintains independence of solitude especially when in a crowd
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in emerson’s view, what are the benefits of genius?
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leads to your independence and self-satisfaction
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with what does emerson credit Moses, Plato, and Milton?
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they ignored books and traditions, and they expressed their own opinions and thoughts
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what does every man discover at a certain point in his education?
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envy is ignorance, imitation is suicide, and that he must take himself for better and for worse
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according to emerson, when is a person content?
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when he has put his heart into his work and done his best
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what does society demand from its members?
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conformity
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what does emerson say is the only thing sacred?
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the integrity of your own mind
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According to \”Self-Relaince\” people who want to find the good in the universe should rely on their
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own investigations
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What does Emerson mean by the following aphorism from \”Self-Reliance\”? \”Nothing is at last sacred but the integrity of your own mind.
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Follow your own beliefs
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According to Nature, when people go into the woods, they
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feel like children
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Emerson shows his transcendental belief that humans, nature, and God are connected when he says in Nature that
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God speaks through people about nature
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Both essays stress the importance of
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believing in yourself
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WHat does Emerson say is the only wrong in \”Self-Reliance\”?
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going against your nature
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According to \”Self-Reliance,\” the indication of a great person is a person who
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follows his or her own mind in a crowd
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What tenet of transcendentalism does the following quotation from Nature best demonstrate? \”The waving of the boughs in the storm is new to me and old\”
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People can discover the truth on their own.
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What oes Emerson mean by the following aphorism in Nature? \”Nature always wears the colors of the spirit.\”
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Humans interpret nature through their experiences
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Both of the essays demonstrate Emerson’s
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belief in the self
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Imagery
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Painting a picture in the mind of the reader to illustrate a point
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Stereotype
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Character so familiar that they are easily recognized
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Setting
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Time and place of action of story
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Assonance
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Repetition of the same vowel sound in a stanza of poetry
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Alliteration
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Repetition of the same consonant sound in a stanza of poetry, the repetition of initial consonant sounds
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Romanticism
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A period of literature characterized by the imagination, irrational characters, the inner world and an empasis on nature
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Tone
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Attitude an author takes toward a subject
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Mood
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The feeling the author creates in the reader
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Foreshadowing
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Giving hints about what will happen later in a story
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Onomatopoeia
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is a word that imitates the sound it represents. (example: boom! wow! buzz!)
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Internal rhyme
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A line of poetry that rhymes in the middle and end of the line
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Refrain
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Line or stanza of poetry that is repeated after every other stanza
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Symbolism
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Person, place, object or idea that has a larger meaning than its literal meaning
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Theme
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A lesson the reader can take from a story
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Parable
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Story which teaches a moral or a lesson
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First person
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Told from the narrator’s point of view, using \”I\”
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Detective Story
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Poe was credited with inventing this type of literature
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John Allan
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The man Poe lived with after his mother died
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West Point
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Poe was kicked out of this prestigious military school
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What was Poe’s greatest fear
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Being buried alive
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What is the \”dark side of our inner experience\”
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Potential for human evil
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Poe claimed this bothered him most about his life
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Lack of parental affection
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Poe believed the short story should be
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Able to be read in one sitting and have a single emotional effect
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Poe gave the the short story its
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Form
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The \”Haunted Palace\” is a comparison of a haunted building to
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Roderick’s tortured mind
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Point of view
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Vantage point from which a story is told
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The quality of Romaticism most clearly illustrated in \”The Fall of the House of Usher\”
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Irrational elements of the mind
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The mood and atmoshere of the opening paragraph is sustained throughout \”The Fall of the House of Usher\” is a mood of pervasive
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Horror
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\”The Fall of the House of Usher\” emphasizes from the start a major parallel involving
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A building and a family
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In the \”The Fall of the House of Usher\”, \”a barely perceptible fissure\” in the building suggests
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Foreshadowing
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The narrator’s action in the final paragraph in the story (Usher) suggests that he
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Has almost lost his reason.
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What is the main focus of the story (Usher)
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The narrator’s thoughts and feelings
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The primary role, or purpose of the bird in \”The Raven\” is to
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confirm the speaker’s fears
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The final stanza of \”The Raven\” ends on a note of complete
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Despair
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The visitor in \”The Raven\” is addressed as
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A soul in morning, a prophet and a wanderer from the underworld
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How might the drug nepenthe, have helped the narrator in \”The Raven\”
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It might have caused him to forget.
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Two similarities between Poe’s \”The Tell-Tale Heart\” and \”The Black Cat\”
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Both people love what they kill until the point they kill them and both get caught.
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What is represented by the \”heartbeat\” the narrator claimed he heard at the end of \”The Tell-Tale Heart\”
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A guilty conscience
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The speaker in \”The Raven\” can be best described as a
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Melancholy person trying to forget a tragedy
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\”Take thy beak from out my heart\” has what meaning in \”The Raven\”
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Quit causing me so much emotional pain
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What does the speaker in \”The Raven\” mean when he asks,\”Is there…balm in Gilead?\”
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Is there any relief for my pain?
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Examples of the supernatural in \”The Raven\”
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The raven is referred to as devil, demon, prophet and from Pluto
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Nathaniel Hawthorne’s lifespan
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1804-1861
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Why did Hawthorne add a w to his name
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His grandfather Judge Hathorne was involved in the witch trials and he wanted to distance himself from that
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At what age was Hawthorne when his father died
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4 years old
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What took place during Hawthorne’s \”twelve dark years\”
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He did some of his best writing while being out of society
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After Hawthorne’s \”12 dark years\” he warned others of the dangers of
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Isolation
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What were the two main subjects of Hawthorne’s writing
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Mysteries of the human heart and the question of human evil
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Explain the meaning of evil
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Intended harm to another or blatant disregard for the welfare of others
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In what way is Parson Hooper \”dead\” to others
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Isolated from society and his veil hid his identity
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How can the heart be compared to a prison
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Other’s can’t get in and you can’t get out. Outsiders don’t really know what goes on inside and feelings can be a punishment
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What positive effect does Parson Hooper’s veil have during his long life
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He is able to convert more sinners
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Parson Hooper believes
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All people are sinners, everyone Wears a black veil and only God can remove his veil
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The author implies that in wearing the black veil the minister
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Performs a symbolic deed
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What is symbolized by the water spilling from the vase in \”Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment\”
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Wasted youth
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At the end of \”Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment\” the four guest appear to be
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As foolish and shortsighted as they always had been
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In \”Rappacdini’s Daughter\” Giovanni cannot pursue a relationship with Beatrice because
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She is strangely connected to the poisonous flowers
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Symbols found in \”Young Goodman Brown\”
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Faith=YGB wife/religious beliefs, Pink ribbons=innocence, Staff/serpent+devil, blazing pines/forest scene=hell
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Author of The Scarlet Letter
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Nathaniel Hawthorne
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The first three paragraphs of \”The Devil and Tom Walker\” provide
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The setting, the time and characterization of the two main characters.
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Tom Walker is described as
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Miserly, argumentative, dishonest and sly
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Termagant means
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Ill-tempered
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The devil first enters the story at the moment Tom Walker
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Discovers a human skull
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Toms first reaction upon seeing the devil is
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Surprise
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Tom knows the devil as
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Old Scratch
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Tom Walker refuses the devil’s first offer because
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He wants more time to think about it
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After his wife’s disappearance, Tom’s reaction is
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Anxiety
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The dominant tone of Irving’s description of Mrs. Walker’s disappearance is
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Matter of Fact
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Tom Walker grows wealthy in Boston because
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Money is scarce and business is bad
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Tom Walker’s business in Boston as a moneylender is
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Ethically deplorable
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Tom Walker shrewdly becomes a
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Religious bigot
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Tom Walker begins to think of the devil with
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Considerable anxiety
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The devil comes for Tom Walker at the moment
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A thunderstorm is in the offing, Tom forgets his Bible and has a stroke
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Tom Walker’s heirs are left
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No richer than they were
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The author of \”The Devil and Tom Walker\” draws on
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Legends,old wives’ tales and widely believed accounts
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Obstacles faces by settlers on their way to the New World
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Weather, boats, sickness and food
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Obstacles faced by settlers once they arrived in the New World
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Indians, weather, wildlife, food and shelter
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What types of literature were written in the New World
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Diaries, journals and poetry
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What kind of minister was Jonathan Edwards, author of \”Sinners in the Hands of An Angry God\”
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Puritan
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Tom Walker’s reaction to discovering the devil had quite a struggle with his wife was one of
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sympathy
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Although Tom Walker becomes a churgoer, it never occurs to Tom Walker to attempt to
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change his own character
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In \”The Fall of the House of Usher\” Madeline and Roderick represent two parts of one being, mental and physical. Which is which?
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Madeline-physical, Roderick-mental
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What is the effect of using the word \”soundless\” to describe the day the narrator arrived in \”The Fall of the House of Usher\”
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It describes how no life is present, death is near
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What is seraphim
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The highest rank of angel
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What does the devil ultimately demand of Tom Walker in exchange for upholding his end of the bargain.
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Soul
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What double meaning is there at the end of the story \”The Birthmark\” when Georgianna’s husband looks at her and says, \”It’s gone! It’s gone!\”
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The birthmark is gone, but Georgianna is also \”gone\” or dead
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In \”The hollow of the Three Hills\” the chief characteristic of the meeting place in the hollow is
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Decaying vegetation and foul water
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The young woman in \”The Hollow of the Three Hills\” has
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Brought dishoner to her parents, abandoned her sick child and betrayed her husband

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