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CMST Chapter 14

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If you choose to narrate a story in your speech you should
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Make sure your story fits the your purpose and illustrates a key point
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When using powerpoint slides, you should
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None of the above
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Drawbacks to using a chalkboard or a whiteboard during your speech includes
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Time consuming Quality
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Tips for presenting effective information speeches include
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Practice and time your speech to help you determine whether you have too much information
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General rules for visual aids include all of the following except
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Keep the visual aid in sight throughout the speech
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Guidelines for competent use of visual aids include
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Keep visual aids simple
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You know that you have moved from more informative speaking to more persuasive speaking when
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You take a firm stand Present one side without critique Present both sides and then explain which you think is strongest Advocate a change in the behavior of your listeners
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According to Rothwell, while the initial citation of a source should be complete, it is appropriate to abbreviate subsequent references to the same source
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True
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An introduction that makes the argument that “Martin Luther King is one of the most influential speakers of the 20th century” is not appropriate for an informative speech
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False
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Types of informative speeches include
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Reports Demonstrations Narratives
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Using supporting materials competently during an informative speech requires which of the following
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Cite sources completely Avoid fallacies Cite sources in their field of expertise Choose the most interesting credible source
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Because commercial maps are usually too cluttered, the best maps used for visual aids are usually those drawn by the speaker
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False
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Because visual aids are beneficial to a speech, you should try to incorporate at least one visual aid into every speech you give
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False
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When using a video clip during your speech
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Turn off the sound while explaining the video clip
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Drawbacks to using a chalkboard or a whiteboard as a visual aid during a speech include
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The time spent drawing or writing on the board diminishes the time spent giving the speech Chalk drawings are usually poor quality Time delays occur if the chalk drawing is made prior to the speech
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Purposes for using visual aids include
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Clarify difficult points Maintaining attention Enhance credibility Improve delivery
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The benefits of visual aids include
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They can clarify a difficult or complex point The can gain the attention of an audience They can increase the speakers credibility
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A speech with a demonstration about why an individual should not use powerpoint is an informative speech
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False
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Informative speeches typically tell us what to think, and persuasive speeches what to think about
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False
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“according to Dr. William Glasser” is a complete citation of a credible source
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False
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Guidelines for competent informative speaking include
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Define key terms, especially those that are unfamiliar or technical terms Choose interesting supporting material Avoid information overload
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An informative speech advocates a change in behavior
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False
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The speech topic “The history of NASA” is an informative speech topic
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True
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A bar graph
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Compares and contrasts two or more items or shows variation
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Research shows that full sentence headlines on powerpoint slide improve listeners knowledge and comprehension when compared to using sentence fragments or phrases
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True
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Rothwell says that informative speeches work best when the information presented is
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Accurate Clear Interesting
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Handouts should be avoided when giving a speech
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False
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Your text notes that there is a clear line that distinguishes between an informative and a persuasive speech
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False
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Demonstrations and lectures are the same type of informative speech
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False
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An informative speech that shows the audience how to use an object or to perform a specific activity is
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None of the above
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Informative speeches do not usually stir disagreement and dissension
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True
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The primary focus of the informative speech is getting listeners to act
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False
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The limitations associated with using objects as visual aids include that
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Some objects may be illegal Some objects are too large and bulky Live objects such as animals may be difficult to control
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Which of the following are examples of a report
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A scientist providing recent findings of a research study
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Informative and persuasive speech differ more by degree than by kind
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True
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When using powerpoint presentation, a speaker should list all of the major points so that the audience can follow along
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False
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The initial citation of a source should be complete, but subsequent references to the same source can be abbreviated unless the abbreviation might cause some confusion
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True
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“According to newsweek magazine” is a complete citation of a credible source
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False
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In order to help your audience to better learn the information you are presenting, you should read the bulleted information on a powerpoint slide to them
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False
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Suggestions for effective use of powerpoint presentations inlcude
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Dont overwhelm listeners with complicated slides
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Which of the following characterize an informative speech?
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The speakers goal is to teach the audience so they learn something
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Sources of information should be cited completely regardless of how many times a reference to the source is made during your speech
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False
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In using a graph for a visual aid, the more information and detail the better for audience understanding
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False
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Handouts should
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Provide the audience information about your group that they can take with them Be distributed at the end of your presentation
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Speakers should never write on the board during a speech
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False
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“Mary ellen walker, an attorney in the us justice department, states” is a complete citation of a credible source
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False
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“The average price of gallon of milk is $3.50, according to the New York Times” is a complete source citation in a speech
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False
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To use visual aids effectively, a speaker should
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Put the visual aid out of sight when not referring to it
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Types of information speeches include all of the following expect
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Protest
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A speech is divided into an introduction, a body, and conclusion
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True
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The picture superiority effect posits from brain research that text alone visual aids are likely to have a 10% retention of information rate, but adding relevant images with text increases retention to 65%
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True
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Bar graphs are preferable to line graphs in almost all informative speeches
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False
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With of the following is not a characteristic of an informative speech
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It advocates a point of view
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You should not distribute a handout during a short presentation of only 5-10 minutes
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True
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Research shows that reading a list of bulleted points to your audience inhibits learning the information
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True
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Youre using a graph to illustrate an important point in your speech. You finish the point and prepare to move on to another point not illustrated by the graph. You should
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Cover the graph or remove it and place it face down on a tabletop
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Computer-assisted presentations have which of the following drawbacks
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They can be very time-consuming to prepare
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Informative speaking differs from persuasive speaking in which the following ways?
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Glitches may occur that could be a disaster if the speech is largely dependent on computer assistance
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The agenda setting function of informative speaking refers to
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telling an audience what to think about
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The united states is a low context culture. Thus, speeches that are carefully organized so that points are explicitly stated and developed will likely be more effective than speeches that are loosely organized with points more vaguely presented
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True
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Telling an effective story in an informative speech requires which of the following suggestions
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Choose a story that fits audience
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When using a video during their speech, student should remember that
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The video should not form a majority of speech The video will often seem exciting by comparison to the speaker
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To use visual aids effectively a speaker should
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Always practice using the visual aid before giving the speech
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Teaching is purely informative
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False
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The speech topic “The history of NASA” is an informative speech topics
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True
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Because commercial maps are usually to cluttered, the best maps used for visual aids are usually those drawn by the speaker
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False
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An informative speech that shows the audience how to use an object or to perform a specific activity is a
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None of the above
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Type of informative speeches include
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Reports demonstrations narratives
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You know that you have moved from more informative speaking to more persuasive speaking when
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all of the above
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Telling an effective story in an informative speech requires which of the following suggestions?
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Choose a story that fits your audience
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Speaking should never write on the board during their speech
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False
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Drawbacks to using a chalkboard or whiteboard as a visual aid during a speech includes
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All of the above