Civil War test study guide answers

Discuss the differences between the north and the south that contributed to the course and outcome of the Civil War. (Think strengths and weaknesses)
Strengths ~

North had a much larger population, 22 million to be exact. 90% of the country’s manufacturing and industry, and most of the nations gold and money. Meanwhile the South had great leaders/leadership and were fighting a
defensive war

Weaknesses ~

The North had poor leaders/leadership, while the South had an economy that couldn’t support the war, few factories, and poor railroad systems

Skipping question number 2
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Who was freed by the Emancipation Proclamation and why can the president do that?
All slaves in rebel territory were freed, and the Constitution gave President Abraham Lincoln to take property away from an enemy in the time of war

What were the border states and why were they so important to the Union?
The border states are Maryland, Missouri, Kentucky and Delaware.

They were vital because Missouri could control parts of the Mississippi River and routes to the West. Kentucky could control part of the Ohio River. Maryland was close to the Confederate capital of Richmond. And Delaware was close to the key Union city of Philadelphia.

Why was President Lincoln reluctant at first to emancipate enslaved African-Americans? Why did he decide to issue the Emancipation Proclamation?
He didn’t want to make the war about ending slavery.it would make Great Britain and France less likely to help us out and would lose the support of the border states.

To formally joined a military force
Enlist

Confederate commander
General Robert E. Lee

Gained control of Mobile Bay and Alabama
David Farragut

Name of a famous African-American regiment
54th Massachusetts

Site of Robert E Lee’s surrender
Appomattox court house

Union capital
Washington DC

Confederate capital
Richmond

Confederate President
Jefferson Davis

Damaged frigate renamed Virginia
Merrimack

General who was wounded at Chancellorsville
Stonewall Jackson

System of selecting people for required military service
Draft

Site of the battle involving 54th Massachusetts regiment
Battle of Oulstee

Had ties to both the north and the south
Border states

Honored soldiers and stated vision for the country
President Abraham Lincoln

Warship equipped with metal plating for protection
Iron clad

Sherman’s strategy
Total war

Banned slavery in the United States
13th Amendment

Argued for an end to the fighting and a reunion of the states
Copperheads

Era after the war
Reconstruction era

Northern bills
Greenbacks

Decree that freed enslaved people in rebel territory on January 1st, 1863
Emancipation Proclamation

Famous abolitionists believe that slavery needed to be abolished
Frederick Douglass and Horace Greeley

Commander of the Union Armies
Ulysses S. Grant

Site of Pickett’s charge
Gettysburg

General Sherman’s trail of destruction
March to the Sea

Union soldiers
Yankees

Refusal to give in
Resistance

People killed or wounded
Casualties

Confederate soldiers
Rebels

In a protected position
Entrench

Because the war disrupted their supply of cotton, the south expected support from which two countries?
Great Britain and France

*What April 1862 battle lasted only two days resulted in 23,000 casualties?*
Antietam

Skipping Question #38
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Skipping Question #39
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Why is the Appomattox Court house a significant site?
It is where General Robert E. Lee surrendered

Which battle was named after a small church?
Battle of Shiloh

Skipping Question #42
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What was the main goal of the north at the beginning of the war?
The goal of the North was to restore the Union and invade the South

Skipping Question #44
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Skipping Question #45
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In which Virginia battle did Lee’s forces defeat a Union army twice its size?
Chancellorsville

Skipping Question #47
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Skipping Question #48
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Why did some schools and churches close during the war?
Because they were used as hospital during the war

Who convinced officials to let women work as nurses and repeated many women to serve as nurses during the Civil War?
Dorothy Dix

Skipping Question #51
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What did Clara Barton serve during the Civil War?
Where Burton served and tended to the ones wounded

Skipping Question #54
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Skipping Question #55
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Skipping Question #56
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Skipping Question #57
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Who or what was the Merrimack?
The union ship, that was modified into an ironclad by the south

Why did the union want to control of the Mississippi River and its tributaries?
To cut the confederacy in half

*In order to deal with your opponents in the north, President Lincoln suspended habeas corpus. What is habeas corpus?*
Habeas corpus is when . . . .

*The north’s war plan came from which hero of the war with Mexico?*
. . .

Skipping Question #61
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What city is the capital of the Confederacy?
Richmond, Virginia

Skipping Question #63
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The leadership of which two generals was a key factor in the Confederates’ military success in the East?
Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson

From which part of North America were the Peace Democrats?
. . .

Skipping Question #66
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Skipping Question #67
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Skipping Question #68
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Skipping Question #69
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Skipping Question #70
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Skipping Question #71
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Which general ordered Pickett’s charge?
Robert E. Lee

Skipping Question #73
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Skipping Question #74
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Which battle began on July 1st, 1863, when the Confederates entered a town for supplies and encountered Union troops?
Gettysburg

What did President Lincoln sign on January 1, 1863?
Emancipation Proclamation

Among the abolitionist who urged Lincoln to make the Civil War a fight to end slavery were Frederick Douglass and ____________ .
Horace Greely

Skipping Question #78
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What was the name of the union strategy to gain control of the Mississippi River and split the Confederacy in half?
Anaconda plan

Where did William Tecumseh Sherman’s march to the sea begin?
Atlanta, Georgia

Skipping Question #81
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Skipping Question #82
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What did the north offered to encourage volunteers for the army?
Bounty

Who pointed out to Lincoln but if the war was cast as the fight against slavery, European countries would be less likely to aid the south?
Fredrick Douglass and Horace Greely

How did abolitionists view slavery?
Injust; should be abolished

The basic strategy of the Confederacy was to conduct a defensive war.
True

Confederate victories in the east were largely due to the leadership of Lee and Jackson.
True

Both the union and the Confederacy used African-American soldiers during the Civil War.
True

*A series of Union victory in late 1864 helped Abraham Lincoln win reelection.*
False

During his March, Sherman and his men destroyed everything they could that the South might find useful.
True

During the Civil War, the South has an advantage over the north because of its larger army
False

(Question #92 is the same as #88)

Both the union and the Confederacy used African-American soldiers during the Civil War.

True

The union hope to gain control of both Mississippi and Tennessee River is in order to split the Confederacy.
False

The union one a narrow victory at the Battle of Shiloh.
True

After the first battle Bull Run, President Lincoln appointed George McClellan to lead the Union Army of the East.
True

Sherman’s march to the sea ended in a defeat for the union.
False

* Border states, such as Virginia, remained in the union but were divided over which side to support in the Civil War. *
Frulse

When the Civil War began, many teenagers stayed home and did not serve in the military
False

The 54 Massachusetts regiment served with distinction at Fort Wagner and in the battle of Olustee.
True