Civil War Study Guide

Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant
This Union General won many battles in the West before becoming the head general of the US Army.
blockade
blockade
This is when you use your Navy to keep enemies from trading goods by sea.
border states
border states
These were slave states who were loyal to the Union.
Gettysburg Address
This was a speech given by Abraham Lincoln to honor soldiers, motivate Americans to keep fighting and reevaluate.
Robert E. Lee
This head general and military mastermind of the Confederate army was very concerned about being loyal to Virginia.
Emancipation Proclamation
Emancipation Proclamation
This document ended slavery in the United States.
secede
secede
It is to officially leave or end an alliance.
Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
He was the President of the United States and determined to preserve the Union.
Jefferson Davis
Jefferson Davis
He took on the difficult job of being the first president of a new country.
William T. Sherman
William T. Sherman
This general was determined to leave a path of destruction in Georgia.
casualty
casualty
This is a person who is dead, mission, or wounded.
strategy
strategy
This is you plan of attack in a war.
Appomattox
Appomattox
This is where Lee surrendered.
Antietam
Antietam
This battle was the bloodiest day of the war.
First Battle of Bull Run
First Battle of Bull Run
This was the first major battle of the war. The Confederacy won and proved they could fight.
Gettysburg
Gettysburg
This battle in Pennsylvania was a major loss for Lee and ended his chances of invading the North.
Ft. Sumter
Ft. Sumter
Lincoln refused to give up this fort in South Carolina where the first shots of the Civil War were fired.
Monitor vs. Merrimac
Monitor vs. Merrimac
This was a sea battle of the newest technology _ ironclads.
Atlanta
Atlanta
This is where Sherman’s devastating and destructive March to the Sea started.
Vicksburg
Vicksburg
This was the last major battle in the West that gave the Union control of the Mississippi River.
True
True
The Emancipation Proclamation freed all of the slaves in the United States.
False
The goal of the Anaconda Plan was to cut off the South from all trading.
True
More men died of disease than on the battlefield during the Civil War.
False
At the beginning of the war, both sides thought it would take a long time.
False
The Union had fewer resources thatn the Confederacy during the war.
True
The Civil War had the highest death rate of any war in American history.
False
In the beginning of the war, the Union did well in the East and the Confederacy did well in the West.
True
The goal of the Anaconda Plan was to cut off the South from all trading, take control of the Mississippi and capture Richmond.
True
At the beginning of the war, many thought it would take 2 weeks to win the war.
True
In the beginning of the war, the Union did well in the West and Confederacy did well in the East.
North Advantage
North Advantage
The Union had more resources, people,workers, farms, money and trains.
DisAdvantage North
DisAdvantage North
Fought on Confederacy soil; travel farther; little motivation and less military training.
South Advantage
South Advantage
The Confederacy was stronger and had more motivation fighting for freedom, more farm acreage; more cotton.
DisAdvantage South
DisAdvantage South
1/2 population of North; less railroad and harder to get supplies.
A Soldiers Life
A Soldiers Life
Many months away from home and family, little food or shelter, disease, guard duty pacing up and down in all weather conditions, gathered-wood for fires, grooming horses, clearing fields for drills. Free time spent writing home to family and playing games with other soldiers.
The Early Years of the War
The Early Years of the War
In the beginning the Union was winning in the West and the Confederacy was winning in the East.
Emancipation Proclamation
Emancipation Proclamation
It freed all slaves in the Confederacy. It gave the army permission to protect any”runaway” slaves. It encouraged slaves to stay where they were to get paid and allowed free blacks to join the army.
After of a Battle
After of a Battle
I see weapons, bloody people, dead people and horses. I smell gunpowder, death and blood. I hear people screaming and crying. I taste bloody water and gunpowder. I touch dead bodies, blood, weapons and broken wood.
Aftermath of War
Aftermath of War
Our plan is to bury the dead bodies building shallow graves (cemetery), make hospitals for wounded soldiers, burn the dead animals and rebuild destroyed fields/homes as soon as possible.
Confederacy
Confederacy
Who won most of the early battles?
To free slaves
To free slaves
Why did Lincoln pass the Emancipation Proclamtion?
South
South
Where were most of the battles fought?
Battle of Vicksburg, MS and Battle of Gettysburg
What two big battles did the North win on the same day?
Destroyed everthing in front of him. He left cities in ruins and hurt the money supply of the South. This caused long term effects and cut the South in half.
What did General Sherman do to hur the South? Do you think it had any long term effects and if so what?
Fort Sumter
Fort Sumter
The Civil War begins with the first shots fired here.
Confederacy Strategy
Confederacy Strategy
King Cotton, Blockade, Help from Britain & France
Union Strategy
Union Strategy
Capture the Mississippi, Capture Richmond, Anaconda Plan
True
True
The Civil War had the most casualties than any other wars. True or False