Civics exam ch.5

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duties of a citizen
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obey laws, pay taxes, defend the nation, serve in court, attend school
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responsibilities of a citizen
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be informed, speak up and vote, respect other’s rights, respect diversity, and contribute to the common good
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necessary and proper clause
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congress has implied powers;right to exercise rights not specifically listed in constitution
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principles underlying the constitution
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popular sovereignty, rule of law, separation of powers, checks and balances, federalism
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popular sovereignty
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the notion that power lies with the people
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rule of law
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principle that law applies to everyone even those who govern
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separation of powers
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split of powers between executive, legislative, and judicial branches
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checks and balances
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a system in which each branch of government is able to check the powers of others
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expressed powers
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powers that Congress has that are specifically listed in the Constitution
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reserved powers
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powers that the Constitution does not give to the national government that are kept by the states
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concurrent powers
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powers shared by the state and federal governments
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petition
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a formal request for government action; or, a process by which candidates who are not affiliated with one of the two major parties can get on the ballot for the general election in most states
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slander
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spoken untruths that are harmful to someone’s reputation
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libel
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written untruths that are harmful to someone’s reputation
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rights of the accused
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4,5,6,8
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amendment 4
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no unreasonable search and seizure
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amendment 5
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criminal proceedings, due process, grand jury,double jeopardy, eminent domain
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amendment 6
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fair and speedy public trial by jury
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amendment 8
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bail and punishment
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amendment 1 rights
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freedom of speech,religion,press, petition, and assembly limits:cannot endanger gov.,no slander,can’t provoke riots,can’t block traffic
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amendment 2
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right to bear arms
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amendment 3
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protection from having to keep troops in private homes (unless during a national emergency and congress orders it)
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search warrant
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court order allowing an official to search a suspects home or business
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due process
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legal procedures
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eminent domain
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right of gov. to take private property
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double jeopardy
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if you are accused of a crime and found innocent you cannot be tried for the same crime again
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bail
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sum of $ used as a security deposit
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indictment
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formal charge by a grand jury
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civil war amendments
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13,14,15
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civil rights
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rights of full citizenship and equality under law
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discrimination
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unfair treatment based on prejudice against certain group
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segregation
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social separation of the races
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affirmative action
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programs that try to make up for past discrimination
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racial profiling
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being singled out as a suspect because of the way you look

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