Civics & Economics Unit 1 Study Guide

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List the four functions of government:
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1. Checks and Balances 2. Separation of Powers 3. Popular Sovereignty 4. Rule of Law
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What is majority rule?
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Majority rule is when the people vote and the majority of them vote similarly
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What is a direct democracy?
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A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
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What is a representative democracy?
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a system of government in which representatives are elected by popular vote.
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What was a result of the Magna Carta?
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The Magna Carta said that even the king had to obey the law and that there was to be a fair trial.
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A written document granting land and the authority to set up colonial governments is a __________.
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Charter
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Which written plan for government by the Pilgrims encouraged direct democracy?
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The Mayflower Compact encouraged direct democracy
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The ___________ wanted to reform the Anglican Church.
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The Puritans
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How did you earn a profit in the Northern and Southern Colonies?
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Northern Colonies: Shipbuilding Southern Colonies: Farming and Agriculture
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What is mercantilism?
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A theory that a country’s power depends on it’s wealth
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What occurred at the First Continental Congress?
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They wrote a petition to King George asking for their rights to be restored
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What occurred at the Second Continental Congress?
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They wrote the Declaration of Independence
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Describe the ideas of John Locke and Baron de Montesquieu
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John Locke: Life, Liberty, and Property Baron de Montesquieu: wanted a separation of government powers (Executive, Judicial, Legislative)
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What is another term for the Coercive Acts?
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The Intolerable Acts -these strongly restricted the rights of the colonists-
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Which written plan encouraged a representative democracy?
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The House of Burgesses
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What did the Northwest Ordinance state?
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The state had to gave a governor or judge in charge
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What happened after the French and Indian War?
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Taxes were raised
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What is Common Law?
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a system of law based on precedent and customs
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Why was the book “Common Sense” significant?
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the separation from England was based on simple facts stated in this book
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What was the importance of the Battle at Lexington and Concord?
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the first military engagements of the Revolutionary War
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What did the colonists do after the Stamp Act was passed?
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They formed the Stamp Act Congress
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Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
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Thomas Jefferson
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What was the Virginia Plan?
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when the larger states have more representation in Congress
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What was the New Jersey Plan?
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when every state had the same number of representatives
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What were the purpose of the Federalists Papers?
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They were written to convince the states of the benefits of uniting under central government
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What is an AUTHORITARIAN style of government?
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one leader or group of people holds ABSOLUTE power

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