Civics Chapter 15 Quiz Packet

True
T or F?
The First Amendment protects the freedom of speech, including freedom of the press
False
T or F?
Symbolic speech is verbal expression to an audience that has chosen to listen
True
T or F?
Freedom of speech may be limited when there is a risk to public safety
False
T or F?
Seditious speech is protected by the First Amendment
True
T or F?
The Supreme Court interprets rights guaranteed by the Constitution, including the right to freedom of speech
it enables citizens to freely participate in democracy
Why was the First Amendment considered to be such an important idea for Americans?
to protect public safety
In which case would free speech be limited by the government?
the speech could endanger inmates and staff
The basic rights of free expression are limited for prisoners when…?
fighting words
How does the Supreme Court describe speech that is likely to cause immediate violence?
obscenity
Which type of expression is defined as being offensive or indecent in nature?
True
T or F?
In addition to freedom of the press, the First Amendment protects the freedom of assembly and freedom of petition
Flase
T or F?
Prior restraint is censorship of information after its published
True
T or F?
In New York Times Co. v. United States, the Supreme Court ruled against prior restraint
False
T or F?
Freedom of petition is a right guaranteed by most forms of government
True
T or F?
The government balances freedom of assembly with protection of the public and communities
Colonists were not permitted these freedoms under King George’s rule
Why did the Constitution include freedoms such as assembly and petition?
to keep the outcome of a trial from being influenced
In which case would the government limit the freedom of the press?
petition
The First Amendment right that requests government action is freedom of…?
Courts can sequester juries while the media continues to report trial news
How can both freedom of the press and the right to a fair trial be guaranteed in today’s digital world
an event that promotes counter demonstrations of violence
In which event would freedom of assembly be limited?
True
T or F?
The Founders of the United States were concerned about religious freedom and wanted it to be part of the new government they formed
False
T or F?
State and federal governments in the United States may set up churches and pass laws that favor certain religions
True
T or F?
Thomas Jefferson once referred to the establishment clause as a “wall of separation between church and state”
False
T or F?
In one case, the Supreme Court approved a plan to give low-income families vouchers to send their children to private schools, except religiously-affiliated schools
True
The free exercise clause in the First Amendment protects the right of individuals to worship as they choose
Engel v. Vitale
In the Supreme Court decision did it rule that public school-sponsored prayer violates the establishment clause, even when it is voluntary?
Reynolds v. United States
Which of the Supreme Court case involved the free exercise clause?
Blaine amendments
What is the name for provisions in state constitutions that ban government aid to any school with a religious affiliation?
The law would benefit the students and not the religion
Why did the Supreme Court rule in 1947 that state funds could be used to pay for busing students to religious schools?
in the first phrase of the First Amendment
Where is the establishment clause located?
True
T or F?
The Fourteenth Amendment granted citizenship to all persons born in the United States, guaranteed due process of law, and guaranteed equal protection of the law
False
T or F?
The Supreme Court decision of Dred Scott v. Sandford states that enslaved men should have equal protection under the law
False
Native Americans were granted U.S. citizenship in 1950
True
Jim Crow laws were enacted by the states in response to the protections of the Fourteenth Amendment
False
T or F?
Procedural due process means that the laws themselves have to be fair
individual rights and limits to the power of government
What does the equal protection clause protect?
It established citizenship from African Americans
Why is the Fourteenth Amendment important?
in gender discrimination cases
When is the substantial relationship clause used by courts?
criminal law
In what kinds of cases is procedural due process most often used?
Palko v. Connecticut
In which of the following Supreme Court cases did incorporation of the constitutional rights apply?
True
T or F?
Discrimination is unfair treatment of individuals based solely on their race, gender, national origin, age, physical disability, or religion
True
T or F?
In the 1950s, some public schools did not allow children of different races to go to school together
False
Because of Roe v. Wade, individuals are protected from racial discrimination in schools
False
T or F?
The Voting Rights Act of 1964 prohibited discrimination based on race, gender, religion, and national origin
True
One way that Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., took part in the civil rights movement was by organizing sit-ins
national origin
The Supreme Court case Hernandez v. Texas prohibited discrimination based on…?
national origin
What type of discrimination does the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) work to prevent?
Equal Rights Amendment
Which legislation was not passed on the federal level?
it said that racial quotas were illegal
How did the Supreme Court rule on affirmative action in college admission?
gender
Title IX of the Education Amendment Act prohibits discrimination based on…?
True
T or F?
The Second Amendment protects an individual’s right to own a gun
False
T or F?
There are no circumstances under which the government may limit the right to keep and bear arms
False
T or F?
There are no amendments that directly or indirectly address the Issue of an individual’s right to privacy
True
T or F?
The Supreme Court ruling in Roe v. Wade established a women’s right to an abortion during the first six months of pregnancy
True
T or F?
There are some circumstances under which the government may limit an individual’s right to privacy
reproductive right
The Supreme Court case of Roe v. Wade is an example of privacy as it relates to…?
to protect national security
Under what circumstance would the government limit privacy by conducting surveillance on individual citizens?
keep guns in the home
The Supreme Court case of District of Columbia v. Heller involved the constitutional right to…?
lobbying and legislation
The National Rifle Association (NRA) fights for Second Amendment rights through…?
USA Patriot Act
Under which legislation action is government surveillance allowed?

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