CIS 301 – Ch. 9 Business Intelligence Systems Essay

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Business intelligence (BI) systems
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are information systems that process operational and other data to analyze past performance and to make predictions.
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Business intelligence
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The patterns, relationships, and trends identified by BI systems
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BI application
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software component of a BI system
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Decision support systems
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synonym for decision-making BI system
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Predictive policing
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police departments analyze data on past crimes, including location, date, time, day of week, type of crime, and related data, to predict where crimes are likely to occur.
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Data acquisition
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is the process of obtaining, cleaning, organizing, relating, and cataloging source data
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BI analysis
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the process of creating business intelligence
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publish results
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is the process of delivering business intelligence to the knowledge workers who need it
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push publishing
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delivers business intelligence to users without any request from the users, the BI results are delivered according to a schedule or as a result of an event or particular data condition.
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pull publishing
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requires the user to request BI results
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data warehouse
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is a facility for managing an organization’s BI data
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The functions of a data warehouse are:
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obtain data, cleanse data, organize data and relate data, catalog data
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Granularly
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a term that refers to the level of detail represented by the data.
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Data mart
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is a data collection smaller than the data warehouse, that addresses the needs of a particular department or functional area of the business
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Reporting analysis
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is the process of sorting, grouping, summing, filtering, and formatting structured data.
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Structured data
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is data in the form of rows and columns. Most of the time structured data means tables in a relatiponal database, but it can refer to spreadsheet data as well.
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Exception reports
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are reports produced when something out of predefined bounds occurs.
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Data mining
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is the application of statistical techniques to find patterns and relationships among data for classification and prediction.
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unsupervised data mining
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analysts do not create a model or hypothesis before running the analysis.
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cluster analysis
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one common unsupervised technique. With it, statistical techniques identify groups of entities that have similar characteristics.
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supervised data mining
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data miners develop a model prior to the analysis and apply statistical techniques to data to estimate parameters of the model.
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regression analysis
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measures the impact of a set of variables on another variable
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big data
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is a term used to describe data collections that are characterized by huge volume, rapid velocity, and great variety.
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MapReduce
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is a technique for harnessing the power of thousands of computers working in parallel.
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Pig
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Hadoop includes a query language
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Static reports
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are BI documents that are fixed at the time of creation and do not change
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Dynamic reports
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are BI documents that are updated at the time they are requested.
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Subscriptions
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are user requests for particular BI results on a particular schedule or in response or in response to particular events.
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BI server
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is a Web server application that is purpose-built for the publishing of business intelligence.
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Reporting analysis
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is the process of sorting, grouping, summing, filtering, adn formatting structured data.

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