chp 9 self test

developmental psychology
the study of age related changes in behavior and mental processes from conception to death is called _______.

maturation
the development governed by automatic genetically predetermined signals.

cross sectional research
the study of different participants of various ages are compared at one point in time to determine age-related differences

longitudinal research
the study of the same participants who are studied at various ages to determine age-related changes

germinal period
the first stage of prenatal development which begins with conception and ends with implantation in the uterus is known as ___________.

1/4
at birth an infants head is __________ its body size

1/8
an adults head is _______ its body size

piaget
________ was one of the first scientists to demonstrate that a childs intellect is fundamentally different from an adults

assimilation, accommodation
__________ occurs when existing schemas are used to interpret new information, whereas _________ involves changes and adaptations of the schemas

sensorimotor,preoperational,concrete operation, formal
the four stages of piagets cognitive development are

object permanence
when you show a baby a toy and it notices it but when you hide the toy the baby thinks it no longer exsists is an example of ___________

formal operational
the ability to think abstractly or hypothetically occurs in Piaget’s _______stage

the imaginary audience
extreme forms of self consciousness and concerns for physical appearance ar common in adolescents who exhibit the early formal operational characteristic called _________