chp 1 mental health and mental illness

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The quantitative study of the distribution of mental disorders in human populations is called
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epidemiology
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Which statement best describes the DSM-5?
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It is a medical psychiatric assessment system.
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Current information suggests that the most disabling mental disorders are the result of
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biological influences.
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A nurse’s identification badge includes the term, \”Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse.\” A client with a history of paranoia asks, \”What does that title mean?\” The nurse responds best by answering:
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\”We have the specialized skills needed to care for those with mental illnesses.\”
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Which statement about diagnosis of a mental disorder is true?
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Culture may cause variations in symptoms for each clinical disorder.
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The prevalence rate over a 12-month period for major depressive disorder is
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greater than the prevalence rate for generalized anxiety.
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These severe mental illnesses are recognized across cultures:
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schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Correct
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Which branch of epidemiology is the nurse involved in when seeking outcomes for patients whose depression was treated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?
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clinical
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A client tells the mental health nurse \”I am terribly frightened! I hear whispering that someone is going to kill me.\” Which criterion of mental health can the nurse assess as lacking?
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Appraisal of reality
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14-year-old belongs to a neighborhood gang, engages in sexually promiscuous behavior, and has a history of school truancy but reports that her parents are just old- fashioned and don’t understand her. The assessment data supports that the client
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is displaying deviant behavior.
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The nurse planning care for a mentally ill client bases interventions on the concept that the client
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has areas of strength on which to build.
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In order to best differentiate whether an Asian client is demonstrating a mental illness when attempting suicide is to
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identify his culture’s view regarding suicide.
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An individual is found to consistently wear only a bathrobe and neglect the cleanliness of his apartment. When neighbors ask him to stop his frequent outbursts of operatic arias, he acts outraged and tells them he must sing daily and will not promise to be quieter. This behavior supports that he is
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not demonstrating any definitive signs of mental illness.
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A nursing diagnosis for a client with a psychiatric disorder serves the purpose of
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providing a framework for selecting appropriate interventions.
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Which of the following best demonstrates parity related to mental health care?
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A client’s mental health coverage is equal to his medical/surgical coverage.
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The mental health status of a particular client can best be assessed by considering
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placement on a continuum from health to illness.

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