CHLH 101

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Health disparities
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refers to the gap in in the quality of health and health care across racial, ethnic, sexual orientation and socioeconomic groups
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plans for improving global health challenges in the 21st century guided by..
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United Nations Millennium Declaration
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leading medical research center and the federal focal point for medical research in the US?
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national institutes of health (NIH)
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Dorothy Dix
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created the first generation of American mental asylums. during the civil war, served as the superintendent of army nurses
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assumptions made while organizing a community
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people should participate in making, adjusting, or controlling the major changes within their community
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role of school nurse
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providing direct health care to students and staff, providing screening and referral for health conditions and promoting health
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family planning
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the process of determining the preferred number and spacing of children in one’s family and choosing the appropriate means to achieve this preference
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adolescents and young adulthood
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critical period in life health wise, during which many health-related beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors are adopted and consolidated in
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important vaccinations for elders
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influenza (flu), pneumococcal (pneumonia), zoster (shingles), tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis (Tdap), measles, mumps, rubella (MMR), varicella (chicken pox), hep A and B and meningitis
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factors that limit access to healthcare in US
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health insurance coverage, generosity of coverage, cost, etc
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narcotics
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drugs that reduce pain and numb the senses
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Synesthesia
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mixing of the senses
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binge drinking
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consuming five or more drinks on a single occasion if male, and four or more drinks if female
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4 elements that play a role in drug abuse prevention
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education, treatment, public policy, law enforcement
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where was DARE implemented?
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school
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drug abuse
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when one takes a prescription or nonprescription drug for a purpose other then that for which is it medically approved
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managed care
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any arrangement for health care in which an organization acts as intermediate between the person seeking care and the physician. health plans that integrate the financing and delivery of health care services to covered individuals by means of arrangements with selected providers to furnish comprehensive services to members
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population-based public health practice
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Incorporates interventions aimed at disease prevention and health promotion, specific protection, and a good share of case findings, Education based, Health promotion
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deductible
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the amount you have the pay out-of-pocket for expenses before the insurance company will cover the remaining costs
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common features of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)
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provider panels, limited choice, gatekeeping, risk sharing, quality management and utilization review
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medically indigent
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do not have health insurance (can’t afford) and who are not eligible for other health care coverage (make too much for medicaid)
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what are people with good mental health able to do?
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function under adversity, adapt to changes around them, curb hate and guilt
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psycho-psychological disorders associated with stress include
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depression, hypertension, skin disorders
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post traumatic stress disorder
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PTSD is a mental health condition that’s triggered by a terrifying event. symptoms may include flashbacks, nightmares and severe anxiety, as well as uncontrollable thoughts about the event
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main force that expedited deinstitutionalization was
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antipsychotic drugs, economics, idealism, legal considerations
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sanitation
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hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes as well as the treatment and proper disposal of sewage wastewater
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Nonpoint source pollution
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All pollution that occurs through runoff, seepage, or falling of pollutants into water
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The most desirable form of integrated waste management is?
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avoid, recycle, compost
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incineration
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combustion, light on fire, burn
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those at greatest risk of lead poisoning
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children
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leading cause of unintentional injury deaths
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car accidents
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falls affect which age population most?
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elders
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single most important factor in intentional and unintentional injuries
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alcohol and drugs
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groups more vulnerable to violence
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men, blacks, poor, frustrated, hopeless, jobless, living in poverty, low self-esteem
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litigation
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seeking justice for injury through courts
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child neglect
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not paying attention, maltreatment
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carrying capacity
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the maximum population size that can be supported by available resources in the environment- air, water, shelter, etc
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areas with the highest incidence rate for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses
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education and health services
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byssinosis
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a lung disease caused by exposure to dusts from cotton processing, hemp and flax
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The Millennium Development Goals include eight specific goals that include
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end hunger and poverty universal education gender equality reduce child mortality rates maternal health combat HIV/AIDS environmental sustainability develop a global partnership for for development
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environmental designs
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process of addressing surrounding environmental parameters when devising plans, programs, policies, buildings, or products.
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what season does youth employment peak?
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summer
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risk factors for experiencing violence at work does NOT include
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working in large groups of people
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first US state to pass child labor law
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Massachusetts
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health insurance policy
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The agreement between the individual applying for health insurance and the Carrier providing health insurance coverage. The Health Insurance Policy will specify what costs the applicant will be responsible for, what costs the carrier will be responsible for and what health insurance costs will be covered.
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psychopharmacology
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treatment for mental illness that involves medications
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point source pollution
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pollution traced to a single source
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thermal inversion
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condition that occurs when warm air traps cooler air at the surface of the earth
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environmental health
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the study and management of environmental conditions that affect the health and well-being of humans
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US department of agriculture (USDA)
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regulates dairy and meat
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4 integrated ways to manage waste
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reduce, reuse, recycle, dispose
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co-payment
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negotiated set amount the insured will pay for a certain service after paying the deductible
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children’s health insurance program (CHIP)
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this is the insurance for children who do not qualify for medicaid and do not have private insurance
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complimentary and alternative medicine (CAM)
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type of medicine that takes a holistic approach considering the whole person often using natural remedies/practices
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fixed indemnity
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the maximum amount an insurer will pay for a certain service
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end-of-life practice
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health care services provided to individuals shortly before death
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child labor law
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under this law, factories couldn’t hire children younger then 10
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unintentional injuries preventative approaches
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recognition, anticipation, evaluation, and litigation are the preventative approaches
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service producing industry examples
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education, health services, insurance, real estate
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goods producing industry
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agriculture, forestry, fishing, hunting, mining, construction
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behavior strategies
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train in nonviolent response and conflict resolution, employee education/training on risks are examples of this type of work place violence prevention
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healthy people 2020
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national guidelines for health goals and objectives
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taxicab driver
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this job has the highest rates of violence related occupational deaths
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side stream smoke
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the smoke coming from the end of the cigarette
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preferred provider organizations (PPO)
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this type of insurance has a prefixed rate for health services with providers and is becoming very popular
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national institute of health (NIH)
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the research division of the department of health and human services
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john snow
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used mapping to research cholera epidemic
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public health
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actions that society takes collectively to ensure that the conditions in which people can be healthy can occur
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community health
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health status of a defined group of people and the actions and conditions to promote, protect and preserve their health
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infectious/communicable disease
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classification of disease that was responsible for the majority of deaths in the early 1900s
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luid pasteur
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this person started research on the germ theory of disease
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sliding scale
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scale used to determine the fee for services based on ability to pay
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gate keeper
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those who control both formally and informally the political climate of the community
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intervention
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an activity designed to create change in people
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3 core functions of public health
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assessment policy development assurance
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prevalence rate
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includes both old and new cases of disease
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incidence rate
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only new cases
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chronic disease
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disease or health condition that lasts longer than 3 months
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secondary prevention
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preventive measures that lead to early diagnosis and prompt treatment of a disease or injury to limit disability and prevent more severe pathogenesis
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years of potential life lost (YPLL)
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the number of years lost when death occurs before teh age of 65 or 75
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analytical study
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type of epidemiological study aimed at testing hypotheses
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infant mortality
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low-birth-weight is leading cause of death
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post-neonatal mortality
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deaths that occur between 28 days and 365 days after birth
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neonatal mortality
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deaths that occur before 28 days old
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women infants and children program (WIC)
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special supplemental food program for women, infants and children sponsored by the USDA
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3 leading causes of death among adolescents and young adults
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unintentional injuries homicide suicide
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vehicle born disease
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communicable disease transmitted by nonliving objects
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zoonosis
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communicable disease transmissible from animals to humans
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3 factors for communicable disease model
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agent host environment
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vector born disease
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communicable disease transmitted by living species
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top down organizing
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someone from the outside is coming into the community to try to make changes
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grass-roots
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process that begins with those who are affected by the problem/concern
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prenatal health care
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medical care from the time of conception until birth process.
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old age dependency ratio
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economically unproductive elderly compared to economically productive elderly
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race and health initiative priority areas
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infant mortality cancer screening/management cardiovascular disease diabetes HIV/AIDS adult and child immunization
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Primary reason for 1946 Hill-Burton Act?
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provide substantial money for hospital construction
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3rd party payment system
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insurance
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Provide care for elderly people who are mentally and emotionally disturbed in a nursing home?
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longterm care
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8/10 uninsured people belong to?
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members of working families
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Health care in Canada
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delivered through a publicly funded health care system, which is mostly free at the point of use and has most services provided by private entities.
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biological hazard
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virus
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agent responsible for food poisoning
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bacteria
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Safety belt laws are an example of what?
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regulation
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Most influential single contributor to premature morbidity and mortality is?
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socioeconomic status
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Chain of Infection
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Infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit from the reservoir, mode of transmission, and portal of entry into a susceptible host

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