China History

Flashcard maker : William Hopper
Xia, shang, zhou, qin, han, sui, tang, song, yuan, ming, qing, republic, people’s republic of China
Name the dynasties in order including Xia.
Name the dynasty:
They were thought to be legendary, but really weren’t. Had the Sage Kings.
Name the dynasty:
Used oracle bones to predict the future. Had a lot of bronze work and farmers.
Name the dynasty:
Believed in the Mandate of Heaven, was during the warring states period, had a lot of floods and earthquakes. Believed in dynastic cycle.
Dynastic cycle
If you mess up as Emperor, life will get you back is the definition of what?
What was the first imperial dynasty? (Also the shortest lived dynasty.)
China was named after what dynasty?
Shi huang di
The Qin dynasty was ruled by whom?
Military advantages, infantry, democratization of warfare
Name three thing the Qin dynasty helped developed.
Banished son, buried 400 people alive
What two bad things did Shi Huang di do?
Horsemanship, iron weapons
The Qin dynasty had a lot of what? (2 thing)
Qin great wall, terra cotta army
Name two building projects of the Qin dynasty.
It was built to protect dynasty, but bancrupt it instead.
What is so ironic about the Qin Great Wall and terra cotta army?
220 bc
The Qin Great Wall was built when?
The great was was built to keep _______ out and the Chinese in.
The Great Wall was built by using _____ tools. It was made by linking walls that were previously built. They built wooden frames coated them with clay and kept adding layers.
1 million
How many people worked on the Qin the Great Wall?
The Qin Great Wall was an efficient route for _______.
3000 miles
How long was the Qin Great Wall?
Dividing line
The Qin Great Wall was an asymbolic _______ _____.
Yin yang
What is this?
…….. ⚫️⚫️⚫️⚪️……..
The black color represents the ____. It represents the dark, the female, the night, and the bad.
The white represents the ____. It represents the light, the man, the day, and the good.
Warring states
Daoism was created during the _______ ______ period. (5th century BC)
Daoism was created by whom?
The way
What does dao mean?
Kong Fuzi
Daoism was a response to whom?
The book of daoism is called the ___________ which means \”way of universe\”
Doaists believe in ________, which means \”action by inaction\”
The ___ that can be spoken is not the true ___.
Kong Fuzi
Confucianism was created by whom?
The book of Confucianism is called the __________. It was not written by Kong Fuzi.
Warring states
Confucianism was created during what period?
Confucianism believes in order from __________.
Is Confucianism a religion?
In Confucianism ______ matters. An older person is in charge of a younger person.
Confucianists believe in the 5 ____________.
_________ should be good to subject.
_________ should be good to son.
_________ should be good to wife.
Older brother
_________ ________ should be good to younger brother.
_________ should be good to _________
Ren and Li
_____ &_______ are rituals and piety (generation of ancestors)
What dynasty was Confucianism popular during?
________ means \”gentleman scholar\”
Han Feizi
Legalism was created by whom?
Han Feizi
The book of legalism is called the _________ ______. It was written by the creator.
Kong Fuzi
Legalism was a response to whom?
Legalism believed that people were ______.
Legalism is known for having ________ punishment and strict laws
Warring states
Legalism was created when?
Which philosophy does this quote best represent?
Might makes right, there is no need to be good.
In legalism a ruler must be _________.
Which dynasty adopted legalism?
Han Feizi
Who did the qin emporer have executed?
What is the motivation for human action according to legalism?
True or false?
Legalism is not a religion.
According to legalism, you should control people with _________.
____________ did not have freedom of speech, charity, public education, or communicating with others
Grow food and fight
According to legalism, people only need to know how to do 2 things ______ _____ and _____________
According to legalism, disobedience should be ____________.
551 BCE
Kong Fuzi was born in what year?
Order and peace
The goal of confucionism was to restore ___________ and __________ to society.
Confucianists were to focus on ________ piety. (Loyalty to family)
Both were written by followers
How are the Analects similar to the New Testament?
They are equals
How is the friend relationship, different from the others?
To create a stable and well ordered society
What was the goal of the five relationships?
Good followers.
According to Confucianism, a good ruler will produce ________ _______.
Through followers
How did Confucianism spread?
Old master
Laozi means \”_______ _____.\”
Stability and tranquility
Laozi sought ________ and __________.
Daoism and confucionism
Which 2 philosophies are the most similar.
According to daoism, laws were _________.
Both focus on meditation
How is daoism similar to Hinduism?
He had to write it to leave china
How was the daodezing written?
Yin yang
What is generally recognized as the symbol for daoism?
\”When I let go of what I am, I become what I might be.\”
An example of a Laozi quote is:
True or false?
Legalism agreed with Confucianism.
According to legalism, people will only be good if ________ to do so.
221-206 BC
The dates of the Qin dynasty are _____-_____
Was the Qin dynasy successful?
It didnt survive the emporer’s cruelty
Why was the Qin dynasty not successful?
He said not to trust anyone who got too powerful, but he did, so his followers killed him
What is so ironic about Han Feizi?
Name one word to describe legalism.
Name one word to describe daoism.
Name on word to describe Confucianism.
Shang bronze object
Chinese bronzes, any of a number of bronze objects that were cast in China beginning before 1500 bce. These ritual vessels of ancient China represent possibly the most remarkable achievement in the whole history of metalcraft before modern times.
Oracle bone
Pieces of turtle shell or bone, normally from ox scapulae (shoulder blades) or turtle plastrons (bottom of shell), which were used for pyromancy – a form of divination (seeking knowledge) by fire – in ancient China, mainly during the late Shang dynasty.
Kong Fuzi
Confucius was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history. The philosophy of Confucius emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity.
Han Feizi
Important, Han royalty, political Chinese philosopher of the Warring States period who synthesized the methods of earlier Chinese Realpolitik using the relatively recent innovation of rule by law as a base.
A philosopher and poet of ancient China. He is known as the reputed author of the Tao Te Ching and the founder of philosophical Taoism, and as a deity in religious Taoism and traditional Chinese religions.
Qin Shi Huang
King of the state of Qin who conquered all other Warring States and united China in 221 BC.
Qin great wall
A series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along the northern borders of China to protect the Chinese states and empires against the raids of the various nomadic groups of the Eurasian Steppe.
Terra cotta army
A collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. It is a form of funerary art buried with the emperor in 210-209 BCE and whose purpose was to protect the emperor in his afterlife.
Great canal
The longest canal or artificial river in the world and a famous tourist destination. Starting at Beijing, linking the Yellow River and Yangtze River.
Tang horse
Horses are popular in China, and have contributed greatly to the creation and survival of the Middle Kingdom. They are often depicted in art.
A roadside inn where travelers could rest and recover from the day’s journey. Caravanserais supported the flow of commerce, information, and people across the network of trade routes covering Asia, North Africa, and southeastern Europe, especially along the Silk Road.
Know the map of China. (Answer OK)
Han wudi
Greatest empower of Han golden age of china
Leu bang
Lead peasant revolt

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