Chapter 9 Interest Groups and Social Movements

question

What is the definition of a social movement
answer

a widely shared demand for charge in some aspect of the social and political order
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Waht social movements were spawned by the 1960s and 1970s
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-environmental movement -gay rights movement -civil rights movement
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what about today?
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-anti globalization -frankenfood protests -native americans sports nicknames -comprehensive immigrative program
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Why do the smallest environmental groups tend to have the most liberal members
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the most passionately aroused will be fewest in number, and gravitate to organizations that take the more extreme positions
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Describe solitary feminist organizations, with regards to issues, education, social status
answer

-they support those causes with the widest support of all women -high levels of college education -middle class
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what about the ERA movement turned off this type of feminist
answer

militants linkin ERA to abortion
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Why must women’s organizations with purposive incentives take strong positions and use militant tactics
answer

otherwise, they turn off themilitant rank and file
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Where is there controversy between members of such organization, like NOW and NARAL
answer

between memebers who ally themselves with lesbian and socialist organizations, and those who think they shouldn’t
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at what level do purposive organizations have trouble making their decisions stick?
answer

at the local level
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as for those feminist organizations that rely on material incentives, from where do they obtain needed money
answer

grants from foundations
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what did the feminist movement spawn
answer

anti-feminist movement
question

What has happened to union membership since the mid 1940s
answer

it has fallen off from 40% (1940s) to 19% in the late (1980) to around 8% today (outside of government)
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Waht two things have occured that have caused this decline in union membership
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A) a shift away from industrial production in the US B) a decline in the popular approval of unions
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Where ahs there been actual growth in union membership
answer

in government employment, and in teaching
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why are government union workers growing in importance
answer

they are nearly the only unionized group growing in number
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Why was the Reagan adminstration so interested in cutting bakc federal funding to public interest groups
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these groups tended to be liberal, and attacked conservatives like Reagen
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What evidence is there that Washington DC interest groups reflect an upper-class bias
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A) a well-off people are more likely to join b) interst groups representing business and the professions are much more numerous and better financed
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Waht percentage of people with a high school education are involved in unions or interest groups
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44%
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What percentage of grad school graduates
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80%
question

of the 7000 groups of Washington DC, what do over fifty percent represent
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coorporations
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What do another 1/3 represent
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professional and trade groups
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What percentage groups represent public interst groups? Civil rights or minority groups?
answer

4% represent public interest groups 2% represent civil rights or minority groups

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