Chapter 8: Early Africa

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Sahara Desert
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northern sea of Africa from Atlantic to the Indian Oceans is composed of…
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Niger River
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river that dominates the Western region of Africa, \”hump of Africa\”
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Great Zimbabwe
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Karl Mauch found the ruins of…
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Kenya
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African country in which prehistoric human beings first lived
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minerals
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located in the grasslands of central Africa, world’s richest deposits of…
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Axum
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ancient civilization that was located in the highlands of what is known today as Ethiopia
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Kingdom of Saba
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axum was originally a colony of…
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Ethiopian civilization
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unique aspect was that it adopted the form of Christianity practiced in Egypt
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savannahs
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grasslands that border the great desert region of the Sahara
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Sahara Desert was…
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green before it dried out
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Berbers
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nomadic mountain dwellers of North Africa who served as trade intermediaries for the great trans-Saharan commerce
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Nok people
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great iron-working culture of northern Nigeria
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Bantu
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family of languages spoken by people who inhabit the region of Central Africa south of the Sahara Desert
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East African trade
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provided lively, ocean-going commercial intercouirse with civilizations far to the east
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malayan traders and settlers
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may have introduced yams and bananas to Africa
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Madagascar
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malay settlement established on the island of…
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Khoisan and Bantu
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south african intergration of these languages
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Zagwe
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Ethiopian Christian dynastythat experienced long conflict with African-muslims was the…
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Zanj; Pemba,Kilwa, Mombassa
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had a large majority of residents from the perian gulf and arabian peninsula, included the cities of _____,_____,_____
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Swahili
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as a language, employed Bantu grammar and Arabic linguistic terms
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Ghana
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Reason for the rise of this kingdom was the middleman role it played in the gold trade
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Kingdom of Ghana
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Exported gold, leather goods, slaves, and ostrich feathers
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Mali
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First great commercial state in West Africa
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Mansa Mansu
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Maintained Mali under a pro-Islam policy
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Mansa
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Local chieftain of a Mali farming village
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Luba
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State that developed in the southern half of Africa
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Urban life of Africa
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Developed from smaller, fortified walled villages
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San
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Described as \”bushmen\” by later Europeans
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Nuclear family
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Lowest and most basic level of African social groupings
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African village life
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Similar to clans in China
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Matrilineal
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Social practices included a lineage system that was often…
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Slavery in Africa
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Ancient practice-used people for tasks such as ag, construction, military service, servants
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African art
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Includes impressively crafted, mortarless structures at Great Zimbabwe
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Shamans
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Induced rain by rituals-found on San rock paintings
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Nigeria
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Woodcarvings, terra cotta statues from Southern…
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Benin
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Bronze head sculptures and relief plaques depicting West African court life were created in…
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Pyramids of Egypt
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Earliest form of architecture found in Africa are…
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Bards
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Retain and spread communal history and religious beliefs
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Stelae
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Carved stone pillars used to mark tombs of Axum kings
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Stone
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Increasingly used as building materials in West Africa beginning in the first millennium C.E.
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Human history
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African societies were more involved in worldwide developments of…

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