Chapter 6 Fitness

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Successful management of body composition requires
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Long-term, consistent coordination of many aspects of a wellness program
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Women have a higher proportion of essential fat than men primarily, because women
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Have essential fat deposited in the breasts, uterus, and other sex specific sites
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Essential fat is best described as
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Fat incorporated into the organs and tissue
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Height and weight tables rely on
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Insurance company mortality statistics
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One possible explanation for the increase in obesity among Americans over the past 40 years is
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Increased portion sizes
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Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of symptoms present in many overweight and obese people. Symptoms for this syndrome do NOT include
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Low blood pressure
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Type 1 Diabetes
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Accounts for 5-10% of all cases of diabetes
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Type 2 Diabetes
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Is best prevented by eating a healthy diet and physical activity
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People are at greater risk for early onset heart disease if they tend to gain weight in the
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Abdomen
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A woman may experience amenorrhea and loss of body mass if her percentage of body fat is less than
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8-12%
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A man may experience muscle wasting and fatigue if his percentage of body fat is less than
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3-5%
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Which technique for evaluating health risks associated with body weight is based on the concept that a person’s weight should be proportional to his or her height?
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Body mass index
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A BMI Value of 17.5 or less may be used as a diagnostic criterion for
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Anorexia nervousa
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A person with a body mass index of 31.2 is classified as
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Obese
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Hydrostatic weighing is used to predict percent body fat based on
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Body Density
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Skin-fold measurements are:
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A practical way to assess body composition
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Essential body fat is located just below the skin. T1 or F1
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F1
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Regular physical activity and exercise have no effect on many of the destructive effects of obesity. T2 or F2
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F2
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For a person who is overweight, increasing physical activity can benefit health even if it doesn’t result in a change in body weight or percent body fat. T3 or F3
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T3
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A body mass index of 28.5 is classified as normal weight. T4 or F4
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F4

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