Chapter 5 Review

The presiding officer of the House of Representatives is the
Speaker
A filibuster can be stopped when three-fifths of the Senate votes for
Cloture
This is required for a legislative body to take official action.
quorum
January 3 of odd-numbered years
Representatives’ term
November of even-numbered years
Senators’ term
the way every law starts
House subcommittee
prestigious Senate committee
key House committee
attends committee meetings
personal staff member with office management duties
start of each term of Congress
2 years
elections
6 years
as a bill
Social Security
Foreign Relations
Ways and Means
legislative assistant
administrative assistant
This is an example of a subcommittee.
Human Resources
The budget-making work of Congress is coordinated by the
Congressional Budget Office (CBO)
People in districts represented in Congress are called
constituents
In the Senate the rules are designed to make sure that all senators
have freedom to express their ideas.
This is NOT a qualification for election to the Senate.
married for 5 years
This great center of information contains almost a 100 million items.
Library of Congress
This group specializes in a subcategory of its standing committee’s responsibility.
subcommittee
This has guided the selection of committee chairpersons.
seniority system
This staff member runs the lawmaker’s office.
administrative assistant
In the House one of the most prestigious committees is
Ways and Means.
These committees act as study groups for the House and Senate.
joint committees
This person’s main job is to steer the party’s bills through the Senate.
majority leader
This committee is set up when the House and Senate have passed different versions of the same bill.
conference committee
These assistants make sure that legislators are present for key votes.
whips
This is a House subcommittee.
Human Resources
In the Senate bills are brought to the floor by
unanimous consent
Before both houses of Congress pass it and the president signs it, a proposed law is a
bill
The flow of legislative work in Congress is controlled by the
majority party
Congressional staffs grew as
lawmaking became more complex.
Senators are elected for
six-year terms
This staff member handles requests for help from the lawmaker’s constituents.
caseworker
Representatives are elected from
congressional districts
The process of setting up new congressional districts after reapportionment is called
redistricting
Redistricting power was abused by creating congressional districts of unequal power and by
gerrymandering
These staff members are largely responsible for the work involved in making laws.
committee staff members
The power to write the rules in Congress is controlled by the
majority party
This government office is responsible for the Statistical Abstract of the United States.
Government Printing Office (GPO)
Standing, select, joint, and conference are all types of congressional
committees
Some lawmakers believe this group has too much power.
congressional staffers
This staff member attends committee meetings for the lawmaker.
legislative assistant
One reason incumbents are reelected is that they have
name recognition with voters.
The United States Congress, which is made up of two houses, is a
bicameral legislature.
The Senate conducts most of its business through
unanimous consent
Many procedures in Congress are organized around
party affiliation.
The main task of each house of Congress is to
make laws.
Members of Congress can be arrested for this offense even when attending Congress.
treason
This could bring about a vote of censure.
accepting a bribe
key power centers in Congress
legislators’ answer to violent television
permanent groups
temporary committees
act as study groups
committees
V-Chip
standing committees
select committees
joint committees
The filibuster is not as strong a weapon as it used to be because of
the two-track procedural system
This is NOT a qualification for election to the House of Representatives.
a degree in law
In Congress the majority and minority leaders are assisted by
whips
The standing committees of each house are controlled by
the majority party
The president of the Senate is the
vice president