Chapter 5 Practice Quiz Answers – Flashcards

question
Civil rights prevent discrimination on the basis of
answer
race, gender, and religion.
question
Which amendment defines citizens as "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" and guarantees the same privileges and immunities for all citizens?
answer
the Fourteenth Amendment
question
Which of the following prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote?
answer
the grandfather clause
question
What was the first successful challenge to the separate but equal doctrine established by the Supreme Court?
answer
Brown v. Board of Education
question
Which organization(s) played an active role in the civil rights movements in the second half of the twentieth century?
answer
NOW, NAACP, and AIM
question
Native Americans were granted the rights of United States citizens in
answer
1924
question
Unlike European immigrants, Asian immigrants were for many years denied the right to
answer
become citizens
question
Which of the following groups lacks legal protection to equal access to employment, housing, and public accommodation?
answer
lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered citizens
question
The 1965 Voting Rights Act (VRA) was devised to address the fact that in some southern counties less than ________ of all eligible African Americans were registered to vote.
answer
one-third
question
Which of the following established women's right to equal pay?
answer
the Equal Pay Act
question
In the employment arena, an intentional effort to recruit, hire, train, and promote underutilized categories of workers is referred to as
answer
affirmative action
question
Which of the following is a civil right?
answer
the right to equal protection under the law
question
Which of the following tests would be used to evaluate state laws regarding minimum ages for the right to marry, obtain a drivers license, or purchase alcohol?
answer
ordinary scrutiny
question
The Supreme Court concept of suspect classifications suggests that
answer
laws that classify people differently on the basis of their race or ethnicity are presumed to have discrimination as their purpose.
question
Which of the following statements is true regarding civil rights granted to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender citizens?
answer
Less than half of the states have passed antidiscrimination laws that guarantee LGBT citizens equal access to employment, housing, and public accommodations.
question
The federal Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) passed by Congress and signed by President Clinton in 1996
answer
declared that the federal government did not recognize same-sex marriages or require states to recognize them either.
question
Which of the following is true of hate crime laws?
answer
Not all the state laws related to hate crime cover gender identity.
question
What was the outcome of the Dred Scott v. Sanford decision?
answer
It denied African-American slaves the rights of citizens.
question
In Plessy v. Ferguson, the U.S. Supreme Court claimed that separate but equal facilities did not disregard
answer
the equal protection clause
question
Which of the following exempted white voters from the literacy test and the poll tax?
answer
the grandfather clause
question
The Black Codes were laws that
answer
prevented freemen from voting.
question
What tactic did Martin Luther King, Jr. use to advocate for civil rights?
answer
civil disobedience
question
Which of the following established a standard of equality in employment opportunity on the basis of race, national origin, religion, and gender?
answer
the Civil Rights Act of 1964
question
Which of the following would an activist who was a part of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) during the early years of the twentieth century support or argue?
answer
The states have violated the equal protection clause by failing to make law and medical schools available to African Americans.
question
Why did the U.S. Supreme Court conclude that the separate but equal doctrine violated the equal protection clause?
answer
It created an inherently unequal segregated school system and a society.
question
What does the Montgomery bus boycott during the civil rights movement in America highlight?
answer
How the separate but equal doctrine segregated public facilities
question
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 (VRA)
answer
banned discriminatory voter registration practices, such as literacy tests.
question
Which of the following is an impact of the civil rights movement?
answer
An increase in the number of African Americans elected to serve in offices at the state and other levels
question
What is the role of a syllabus in a judicial opinion?
answer
It is not part of the opinion, but states its key points.
question
How long after the initial Brown decision was this additional opinion issued?
answer
About a year
question
On what grounds did the majority rule that school segregation violated the Constitution?
answer
violation of the Fourteenth Amendment
question
Which of the following factors did the Court not list as something that might require additional time for compliance?
answer
racial animus
question
Who appoints federal examiners under this statute?
answer
a federal court
question
The Voting Rights Act was passed roughly how long after the Fifteenth Amendment?
answer
a century
question
Section 4(a) applies only to those states that
answer
had less than 50% voter registration or participation in the 1964 election.
question
The purpose of Section 4(e) is to ensure that people are not prevented from voting on the basis of
answer
language.
question
What are the criminal penalties for violations of this act?
answer
fines and/or imprisonment
question
In order for a voting test or device to survive under this act, it must be shown that neither its purpose nor its effect is to discriminate on the basis of
answer
race
question
As of December 7, 1868, which of the following bodies had ratified the Fifteenth Amendment?
answer
both the House and the Senate
question
What is the main focus of the Fifteenth Amendment?
answer
voting rights
question
What level of supermajority is required for a proposed constitutional amendment to pass Congress?
answer
two thirds
question
In the 19th century, which segments of the U.S. population endured a "previous condition of servitude"?
answer
african Americans
question
In the case of ________, the Supreme Court first used the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to find a law discriminating against women unconstitutional.
answer
Reed v. Reed
question
Which of the following amendments was added to the U.S. Constitution to prohibit the national and state governments from abridging or denying citizens the right to vote on account of sex?
answer
The Nineteenth Amendment
question
Brenda believes that she is facing discrimination at her workplace, not just because she is a woman but also because she is a nonwhite American. What does the scenario best illustrate?
answer
Intersectionality
question
Which of the following individuals is protected by the American with Disabilities Act?
answer
a shopper in a wheelchair
question
Which of the following statements is true regarding the status of Native Americans' civil rights?
answer
They enjoy the protection of the Bill of Rights both on and off reservations.
question
Which of the following statements is true regarding the status of Asian Americans' civil rights?
answer
They are not well-represented in top positions despite high education levels
question
The initial focus of the Chicano Movement was to
answer
improve the lives of farm workers.
question
The policy of affirmative action requires organizations to
answer
diversify their workforces.
question
The personnel policies of Gate Run Corp. are designed to ensure that its workers and job candidates represent diverse characteristics like race, color, religion, national origin, and others. This eliminates discrimination in the hiring, training, and promoting processes. This effort made by Gate Run Corp. is referred to as
answer
affirmative action.
question
Why has affirmative action been criticized?
answer
It is believed to violate the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
question
The primary goal of the first wave of the women's rights movement was to secure
answer
the right to vote for women.
question
Discrimination against citizens of Latin American descent was similar to the discrimination faced by
answer
African Americans following Reconstruction.
question
Which of the following tests would be used to determine whether a law discriminates against Americans of Italian origin?
answer
strict scrutiny
question
Which of the following cases resulted in a ruling that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional?
answer
the Dred Scott case
question
Which of the following tactics were used to press the government to pass civil rights legislation in the second half of the twentieth century?
answer
the formation of interest groups, appealing to the federal court system, and civil disobedience
question
The passage of the 2008 Americans with Disabilities Amendment exemplifies an attempt by Congress to
answer
overrule the Supreme Court's conservative interpretation of the original law.
question
Ryan, a young African American man, was beaten up, tortured, and murdered by white supremacists. This fictitious scenario is an example of a(n)
answer
hate crime
question
Which of the following occurred during the Reconstruction era (1866-77)?
answer
The institutions and the infrastructure of the southern states were rebuilt.
question
Interest groups like Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), along with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), focused on
answer
building leadership skills of local AfricanAmerican citizens in southern communities.
question
The University of Baron has taken measures to ensure that its student body is diverse in terms of race, color, economic status, and other characteristics. This will make the students more tolerant toward each other and prepare them to function successfully in a work environment that is increasingly diverse. This effort to reduce discrimination is referred to as
answer
affirmative action.
1 of

Unlock all answers in this set

Unlock answers
question
Civil rights prevent discrimination on the basis of
answer
race, gender, and religion.
question
Which amendment defines citizens as "all persons born or naturalized in the United States" and guarantees the same privileges and immunities for all citizens?
answer
the Fourteenth Amendment
question
Which of the following prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote?
answer
the grandfather clause
question
What was the first successful challenge to the separate but equal doctrine established by the Supreme Court?
answer
Brown v. Board of Education
question
Which organization(s) played an active role in the civil rights movements in the second half of the twentieth century?
answer
NOW, NAACP, and AIM
question
Native Americans were granted the rights of United States citizens in
answer
1924
question
Unlike European immigrants, Asian immigrants were for many years denied the right to
answer
become citizens
question
Which of the following groups lacks legal protection to equal access to employment, housing, and public accommodation?
answer
lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered citizens
question
The 1965 Voting Rights Act (VRA) was devised to address the fact that in some southern counties less than ________ of all eligible African Americans were registered to vote.
answer
one-third
question
Which of the following established women's right to equal pay?
answer
the Equal Pay Act
question
In the employment arena, an intentional effort to recruit, hire, train, and promote underutilized categories of workers is referred to as
answer
affirmative action
question
Which of the following is a civil right?
answer
the right to equal protection under the law
question
Which of the following tests would be used to evaluate state laws regarding minimum ages for the right to marry, obtain a drivers license, or purchase alcohol?
answer
ordinary scrutiny
question
The Supreme Court concept of suspect classifications suggests that
answer
laws that classify people differently on the basis of their race or ethnicity are presumed to have discrimination as their purpose.
question
Which of the following statements is true regarding civil rights granted to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender citizens?
answer
Less than half of the states have passed antidiscrimination laws that guarantee LGBT citizens equal access to employment, housing, and public accommodations.
question
The federal Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) passed by Congress and signed by President Clinton in 1996
answer
declared that the federal government did not recognize same-sex marriages or require states to recognize them either.
question
Which of the following is true of hate crime laws?
answer
Not all the state laws related to hate crime cover gender identity.
question
What was the outcome of the Dred Scott v. Sanford decision?
answer
It denied African-American slaves the rights of citizens.
question
In Plessy v. Ferguson, the U.S. Supreme Court claimed that separate but equal facilities did not disregard
answer
the equal protection clause
question
Which of the following exempted white voters from the literacy test and the poll tax?
answer
the grandfather clause
question
The Black Codes were laws that
answer
prevented freemen from voting.
question
What tactic did Martin Luther King, Jr. use to advocate for civil rights?
answer
civil disobedience
question
Which of the following established a standard of equality in employment opportunity on the basis of race, national origin, religion, and gender?
answer
the Civil Rights Act of 1964
question
Which of the following would an activist who was a part of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) during the early years of the twentieth century support or argue?
answer
The states have violated the equal protection clause by failing to make law and medical schools available to African Americans.
question
Why did the U.S. Supreme Court conclude that the separate but equal doctrine violated the equal protection clause?
answer
It created an inherently unequal segregated school system and a society.
question
What does the Montgomery bus boycott during the civil rights movement in America highlight?
answer
How the separate but equal doctrine segregated public facilities
question
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 (VRA)
answer
banned discriminatory voter registration practices, such as literacy tests.
question
Which of the following is an impact of the civil rights movement?
answer
An increase in the number of African Americans elected to serve in offices at the state and other levels
question
What is the role of a syllabus in a judicial opinion?
answer
It is not part of the opinion, but states its key points.
question
How long after the initial Brown decision was this additional opinion issued?
answer
About a year
question
On what grounds did the majority rule that school segregation violated the Constitution?
answer
violation of the Fourteenth Amendment
question
Which of the following factors did the Court not list as something that might require additional time for compliance?
answer
racial animus
question
Who appoints federal examiners under this statute?
answer
a federal court
question
The Voting Rights Act was passed roughly how long after the Fifteenth Amendment?
answer
a century
question
Section 4(a) applies only to those states that
answer
had less than 50% voter registration or participation in the 1964 election.
question
The purpose of Section 4(e) is to ensure that people are not prevented from voting on the basis of
answer
language.
question
What are the criminal penalties for violations of this act?
answer
fines and/or imprisonment
question
In order for a voting test or device to survive under this act, it must be shown that neither its purpose nor its effect is to discriminate on the basis of
answer
race
question
As of December 7, 1868, which of the following bodies had ratified the Fifteenth Amendment?
answer
both the House and the Senate
question
What is the main focus of the Fifteenth Amendment?
answer
voting rights
question
What level of supermajority is required for a proposed constitutional amendment to pass Congress?
answer
two thirds
question
In the 19th century, which segments of the U.S. population endured a "previous condition of servitude"?
answer
african Americans
question
In the case of ________, the Supreme Court first used the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to find a law discriminating against women unconstitutional.
answer
Reed v. Reed
question
Which of the following amendments was added to the U.S. Constitution to prohibit the national and state governments from abridging or denying citizens the right to vote on account of sex?
answer
The Nineteenth Amendment
question
Brenda believes that she is facing discrimination at her workplace, not just because she is a woman but also because she is a nonwhite American. What does the scenario best illustrate?
answer
Intersectionality
question
Which of the following individuals is protected by the American with Disabilities Act?
answer
a shopper in a wheelchair
question
Which of the following statements is true regarding the status of Native Americans' civil rights?
answer
They enjoy the protection of the Bill of Rights both on and off reservations.
question
Which of the following statements is true regarding the status of Asian Americans' civil rights?
answer
They are not well-represented in top positions despite high education levels
question
The initial focus of the Chicano Movement was to
answer
improve the lives of farm workers.
question
The policy of affirmative action requires organizations to
answer
diversify their workforces.
question
The personnel policies of Gate Run Corp. are designed to ensure that its workers and job candidates represent diverse characteristics like race, color, religion, national origin, and others. This eliminates discrimination in the hiring, training, and promoting processes. This effort made by Gate Run Corp. is referred to as
answer
affirmative action.
question
Why has affirmative action been criticized?
answer
It is believed to violate the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
question
The primary goal of the first wave of the women's rights movement was to secure
answer
the right to vote for women.
question
Discrimination against citizens of Latin American descent was similar to the discrimination faced by
answer
African Americans following Reconstruction.
question
Which of the following tests would be used to determine whether a law discriminates against Americans of Italian origin?
answer
strict scrutiny
question
Which of the following cases resulted in a ruling that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional?
answer
the Dred Scott case
question
Which of the following tactics were used to press the government to pass civil rights legislation in the second half of the twentieth century?
answer
the formation of interest groups, appealing to the federal court system, and civil disobedience
question
The passage of the 2008 Americans with Disabilities Amendment exemplifies an attempt by Congress to
answer
overrule the Supreme Court's conservative interpretation of the original law.
question
Ryan, a young African American man, was beaten up, tortured, and murdered by white supremacists. This fictitious scenario is an example of a(n)
answer
hate crime
question
Which of the following occurred during the Reconstruction era (1866-77)?
answer
The institutions and the infrastructure of the southern states were rebuilt.
question
Interest groups like Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), along with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), focused on
answer
building leadership skills of local AfricanAmerican citizens in southern communities.
question
The University of Baron has taken measures to ensure that its student body is diverse in terms of race, color, economic status, and other characteristics. This will make the students more tolerant toward each other and prepare them to function successfully in a work environment that is increasingly diverse. This effort to reduce discrimination is referred to as
answer
affirmative action.