Chapter 4 Vocabulary Law for Business and Personal Use 19e

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Self-Defense
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The use of the force that appears to be reasonably necessary to the victim to prevent death, serious bodily harm, rape, or kidnapping
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Felony
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Crime punishable by either a fine of more that $1,000 or by confinement for more than one year in a state prison or both or by death
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Immunity
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Freedom from prosecution even when on has committed the crime charged
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Procedural Defense
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Defense based on problems with the way evidence is obtained or the way an accused person is arrested, questioned, tried, or punished.
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Preliminary Hearing
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Court proceeding at which evidence against the defendant is presented to the court so it may determine if there is sufficient cause to hold her or him for trial
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Vicarious Criminal Liability
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Substituted criminal liability
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Defense
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Legal position taken by an accused to defeat the charges against Him/Her
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Contempt of Court
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Action that hinders the administration of justice
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White-Collar Crimes
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Offenses committed in the business world typically are referred to as
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Misdemeanor
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Crime punishable by confinement in a county or city jail for one year or less, by fine of $1,000 or less, or both
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Substantive Defense
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Defense that disproves, justifies, or excuse the alleged crime.
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Crime
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Punishable offense against society
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Substantive Defense
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Legal position that disproves, justifies, or otherwise excuses an alleged criminal act.
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Punishment
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Any penalty provided by law and imposed by a court
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Immunity
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Freedom from prosecution even when on has committed the crime charged
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Contempt of Court
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Action that hinders the administration of justice
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White-Collar Crimes
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Offenses committed in the business world typically are referred to as
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Voir Dire
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The preliminary exam of the potential jurors is referred to as
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Punishment
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Any penalty provided by law and imposed by a court
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Substantive Defense
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Legal position that disproves, justifies, or otherwise excuses an alleged criminal act
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Bail
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Sum of money or property deposited or pledged to guarantee that the arrested person will appear for a preliminary hearing or trial.
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Indictment
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Written accusation declaring that there is sufficient evidence to try the identified individual for a specified crime
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Subpoena
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A command to an individual to appear and testify or produce documents or there evidence in his or her possession.
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Self-Defense
answer

The use of the force that appears to be reasonably necessary to the victim to prevent death, serious bodily harm, rape, or kidnapping.
question

Defense
answer

Legal position taken by an accused to defeat the charges against Him/Her
question

Vicarious Criminal Liability
answer

Substituted criminal liability
question

Preliminary Hearing
answer

Court proceeding at which evidence against the defendant is presented to the court so it may determine if there is sufficient cause to hold her or him for trial
question

Misdemeanor
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Crime punishable by confinement in a county or city jail for one year or less, by fine of $1,000 or less, or both
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Verdict
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Term that refers to the jury retiring to a room for secret discussion and deliberation in order to reach its decision on the issue(s)
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Procedural Defense
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Defense based on problems with the way evidence is obtained or the way an accused person is arrested, questioned, tried, or punished.

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