Chapter 4: Behavior & Attitudes

question

When we are unsure of our attitudes, we infer them the same way someone else would who was observing us – that is, we look at our behavior. Which theory does this describe?
answer

self-perception theory
question

Attitudes include all of the following EXCEPT
answer

aptitudes
question

The finding that religious attitudes can predict the total quantity of religious behaviors over time is an example of
answer

the principle of aggregation.
question

The effect of _______ on _______ was vividly demonstrated in Zimbardo’s (1971) classic study of a simulated prison.
answer

roles; behaviors
question

Zimbardo attributed the behavior of the subjects in his \”Stanford Prison Study\” to
answer

the roles the subjects played.
question

When social psychologists try to measure attitudes of people they end up measuring
answer

expressed attitudes.
question

An attitude is most likely to predict behavior in all the following situations EXCEPT
answer

when the attitude is genetically predisposed.
question

Which of the following is NOT a concern regarding the interpretation of IAT results?
answer

Results do not hold up to APA standards for validity
question

What percentage of Californians who had first agreed to place a 3-inch \”Be a Safe Driver\” sign in their window later agreed to have a large, poorly lettered \”Drive Carefully\” sign installed in their front yard?
answer

76%
question

A variation of the foot-in-the-door technique is often used by car dealers, because it typically results in people complying with higher and higher requests. It is called the _______ technique.
answer

lowball
question

Which statement is NOT true according to attitude research?
answer

Attitudes best predict behavior when they are learned from parents.
question

Though she is opposed to capital punishment, Lisa is asked to give a speech in favor of it to round out a class debate. Dissonance theory predicts that her true attitude will undergo the most change if she
answer

agrees to give the speech without special incentives.
question

Once we make a decision or choice, and feel some cognitive dissonance,
answer

we form additional reasons for that decision or choice.
question

A researcher measuring White people take longer to associate positive words with Black rather than White faces is most likely using a(n)
answer

implicit association test.
question

Which areas of the brain are active when we automatically evaluate social stimuli?
answer

Amygdala and frontal lobe
question

Which of the following would better predict a person’s racial biases?
answer

His/her implicit bias
question

A research study had experimental participants perform a dull task but paid them to lie by telling a prospective participant that the task had been enjoyable. Results showed that the participants who were paid _______ came to believe that the task had been _______.
answer

$1; interesting and enjoyable
question

According to the overjustification effect, reinforcements that praise people tend to _______ intrinsic motivation, and reinforcement that seeks to control people _______ intrinsic motivation.
answer

increase; decreases
question

The attitudes-follow-behavior effect is strongest when
answer

people feel that they have some choice in their behavior.
question

The research indicates that if you wish to love someone more, you should
answer

act as if you do.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member