Chapter 4 – Ancient Egypt & Kush – Lesson 5 – Ancient Kush

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Painkhi
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was a leader of a kingdom that extended north from Napata to the Nile Delta
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trade networks
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a system of people in different lands who trade goods
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merchants
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traders
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exports
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items sent out to other regions
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imports
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goods brought in from other regions
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Queen Shanakhdakheto
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the first women to rule Kush from 170 BC – 150 BC
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King Ezana
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destroyed Meroe and took over Kush
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The geography of Nubia has changed over time because
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the land became more desert-like
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the Kushite kings were grateful for the cataracts located on the Nile because
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the cataracts helped keep Kush safe from Egypt
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at times Kush and Egypt lived in peace with each other,
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they even built temples together
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when Egypt conquered Kush in 1500 BC,
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the Kushite culture became more like the Egyptian
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Shabaka was buried
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in a pyramid
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The Kushite dynasty ended when the
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Assyrians forced the Kushites out of Egypt
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The Kushite city of Meroe was located
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along the Nile River
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if the Kushites had not had items to export,
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the Kushites would have been unable to trade for goods
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Kushites began to learn about other cultures when
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Kushite merchants traded with people from other cultures
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Meroitic, the Kushite written language was developed
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by the Kushites
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Egyptian culture influenced buildings in Meroe because
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many buildings resembled Egyptian buildings
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women were expected to participate in
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Kushite society
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women were able to
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hold positions of authority, they cooked, tended to their children, and worked long hours in the fields
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Queen Shanakhakheto was the first woman to
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rule Kush
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due to overgrazing,
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the soil blew away in Kush and the Kushite farmers were unable to produce enough food for the people of Kush
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New trade routes that were created went around Kush, so over time,
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Kush’s trade decreased
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the relationship between Egypt and Kush:
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Egypt and Kush were sometimes at war Egypt invaded Kush, and the Kushites later revolted and gained their independence still, the Kushites kept many of the Egyptian ways they had adopted Kush and Egypt were also trading partners
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The Egyptians called the kingdom to the south of Egypt
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Kush
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in the 700s BC,
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King Kashta attacked Egypt
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Piankhi
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was a leader who built a kingdom that extended north from Napata to the Nile Delta

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