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Chapter 3: The Age of Exploration Study Guide

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Where did Marco Polo Travel to?
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He traveled to Europe, Persia, and Asia (China)
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Which route did Marco Polo take?
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He took the Silk Road
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Who was Kublai Khan to Marco Polo?
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He was the ruler of China; Marco Polo spent many years serving him.
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How did Marco Polo’s travels influence Europe?
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Europeans began to look outside their borders for new sources of trade. It increased their interest in Asia.
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Books, movies, theater, plays
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How do people know about Marco Polo’s adventure today?
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What empire did Sunni Ali become king of?
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Songai
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Zheng He
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Chinese Muslim Sea Captain. He was known for his 7 voyages to Southeast Asia, India, Ceylon, Sri Lanka, Persian Gulf, East Africa, and Egypt
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Prince Henry
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He is from Portugal. Known as the Henry the Navigator, gathered experts in science, mapmaking, and shipbuilding whose work led to a fleet of ships that explored the coast of west Africa
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Bartolomeu Dias
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Portuguese explorer who in 1488 led the first expedition to sail around the southern tip of Africa from the Atlantic and sight the Indian Ocean. He brought back valuable information about thousands of mile of ocean that were not known to Europeans.
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The Black Sea
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was trade route to Europe and Asia
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Silk Road
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an ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean (4,000 miles) used by Marco Polo
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Timbuktu
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A major cultural and trading city in the Mali and Songhai empires
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Medici Family
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Ruled Florence during the Renaissance, became wealthy from banking, spent a lot of money on art, controlled Florence for about 3 centuries
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How did the expansion of trade lead to the banking system?
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Merchants needed a way to safeguard their money and convert it from one currency to another.
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caravan
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a group of people traveling together for mutual protection, especially in deserts
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caravel
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A fast sailing ship that could be steered easily and hold large amounts of cargo
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expedition
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a journey organized for a particular purpose
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merchant
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a shop owner
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navigation
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the science of determining a ship’s location and direction
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Middle Ages
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the period of history before the Renaissance, about 500 to 1500 BP (years ago); also called “medieval”
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Marco Polo
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Italian explorer; spent many years in China or near it; his return to Europe in 1295 sparked a European interest in finding a quicker route to Asia.
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Sunni Ali
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king of Songhai in West Africa in the late 1400s
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Zheng He
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This Chinese captain led 7 voyages to explore the world
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Prince Henry
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Known as the Henry the Navigator, gathered experts in science, mapmaking, and shipbuilding whose work led to a fleet of ships that explored the coast of west Africa.
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Bartolomeu Dias
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1487 Portugal, Sailed to tip of Africa called the Cape of Good Hope, Inspired further expeditions to search for route to Asia