Chapter 3 – Sports and Socialization – Who Plays and What Happens to Them?

question

Socialization
answer

Process that involves social development and learning about social worlds
question

Definition of socialization by the author is based on:
answer

Social interaction model
question

Social interaction models emphasize that human beings are:
answer

Active decision makers who give meaning to their experiences
question

Those who study sports and socialization have tended to use research methods that emphasize:
answer

Qualitative data that provide detailed descriptions of sport experiences
question

Studies based on structural theories and a personal internalization model of socialization have found that three things are related to becoming involved in sports. What are they?
answer

Person’s ability, Availability and opportunities to play sports, & Influence of significant others
question

Studies using a qualitative approach have found that becoming involved and staying involved in sports is primarily the result of:
answer

Continuing processes of decision-making in people’s lives
question

Sharon Wheeler interviewed British elementary school kids for whom sports were important and found that their participation was linked to:
answer

The routine and lifestyle of their families
question

In the U.S., young people are most likely to receive encouragement from friends, family, coaches and teachers to play sports if:
answer

They are African Americans
question

After interviewing British adolescents, White and Coakley concluded that sport participation among these young people was the result of:
answer

Continuous decisions made over time by young people
question

Interviews done by White and Coakley indicated that young people are most likely to participate in sports when they:
answer

Saw sports as linked to their own growth and development
question

Donnelly and Young used data from interviews with rock climbers and rugby players and concluded that becoming an athlete involved:
answer

Acquiring knowledge and developing an identity as an athlete
question

Becoming involved and staying involved in sports is a series of processes which are:
answer

Self-reflection, Social Support, Identity formation
question

Carefully designed studies between 1950 & 1980 have led to basic conclusions on changing or ending sport participation. These are:
answer

Dropping out occurs in connection with other changes or transitions in ones life, When people stop playing they generally don’t cut all ties with sports, Dropping out occurs sometimes due to negative experiences
question

In Coakley’s summary of \”burnout\” when young athletes drop out of a sport they usually do it because they:
answer

See sport participation as an obstacle to developing personal autonomy
question

Koukouris interviewed former athletes in Greece and found that decisions to end or change sport participations were primarily associated with:
answer

The need to take responsibility for their own lives and support themselves
question

wheeler’s study of the careers of athletes with disabilities indicated that the main challenge athletes faced when they retired were:
answer

Reinvesting time and energy into other spheres of life
question

Research shows that when people retire from sports they are most likely to have a problem if:
answer

They have few experiences outside the culture of sports
question

A belief held by people in North America is that playing sports:
answer

Builds character among participants
question

Socialization studies based on a personal internalization model have produced inconsistent findings because researchers have mistakenly assumed:
answer

All athletes have unique and similar experiences in all sports
question

When evaluating research on what happens in sports, don’t overlook the fact that:
answer

Different people define similar sport experiences in different ways
question

Reviewing socialization research led the author to conclude that the impact that sports and sport participation have on people depends on:
answer

The meanings that people give to sports in their lives
question

Reviewing socialization research led the author to conclude that sport participation is most likely to have positive socialization consequences when it:
answer

Provides opportunities to expand experiences outside of sports
question

Characteristics of power and performance sports are:
answer

Emphasis on winning and setting records, Proving excellence through competitive success, Pushing human limits and dominating opponents
question

Pleasure and participation sports emphasize:
answer

Connections with other people and the environment
question

Power and performance sports dominate today because:
answer

They emphasize competition and validate the status of wealthy people
question

Data on health, physical activity and sports indicate that:
answer

Some competitive sports have high health costs because injury rates are high
question

Data on sports and obesity indicate:
answer

That the popularity of sports does not automatically lead to reduced obesity rates
question

Most people in the sociology of sport today do not see sports as causes of specific socialization outcomes, but instead view sports as:
answer

Sites for experiences that influence different people in different ways
question

Theberge’s study of an elite women’s ice hockey team in Canada found that locker room interaction among the players:
answer

Involved talk that gave meaning to the experience of playing hockey
question

Research done by Anderson prior to 2001 indicated that:
answer

Combining a gay identity with a sport identity often was challenging
question

Studies done by Anderson between 2000 and 2010 found:
answer

That homophobia declined in many sport cultures
question

The term \”social world\” refers to a:
answer

Way of life and mindset that people develop in a particular setting
question

Adler’s studied a big-time intercollegiate men’s basketball team and discovered the team members gradually;
answer

Viewed the world almost exclusively in terms of their identities as athletes
question

Wacquant’s study of the social world of boxers in a Chicago gym found that boxing:
answer

Sheltered young men from the destructive influences of the streets
question

Some sociologists now study socialization as a community and cultural process. This research tends to focus on:
answer

Sports as sites where people learn stories they use to make sense of their lives
question

When researchers use cultural theories and a poststructuralist approach to study community-based socialization processes, they focus on:
answer

Whose stories about sports become dominant in a culture
question

Using Gramsci’s ideas, sociologists see sports as important in connection with socialization because sports are:
answer

Popular forms of excitement and pleasure
question

According to an analysis of sports and society based on Gramsci’s ideas, sports are important social phenomena because:
answer

They are contexts through which ideological messages can be presented to people
question

Sociologists see sports as important because sports are involved in hegemonic processes in society. Hegemony refers to a social process through which:
answer

People come to agree with and accept particular ideologies
question

When the author paraphrases Gramsci’s conclusion about hegemony, he says that \”it is difficult to fight an enemy that….
answer

Has outposts in your head
question

Doug Foley did an ethnography of a small Texas town and found that the everyday stories created around high school football lead to:
answer

Reaffirm established ways of thinking and doing things in town
question

While focusing on socialization as a community and cultural process, Andrews studied the \”persona\” in connection with Michael Jordan during the 1990’s and concluded that through the media images of Jordan, the \”Jordan persona\” was:
answer

Intentionally detached from African American experiences and culture

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member