chapter 3 speaking ethically study guide

Our beliefs, values and moral principles by which we determine what is right our wrong are our
according to the National communication association ———- is fundamental to responsible thinking, decision- making, and the development of relationships and communities within and across context, cultures, channels and media
Ethical communication
—— speech ot speech acts are legally protected
What must balance the right to free speech
the responsibility of speaking ethically
The U.S constitution states, ” congress shall make no law … abridging the freedom of speech” this is part of —– amendment
only a few years after the ratification of the First amendment, congress passed the —– which punished those who spoke out against the government and was later declared unconstitutional
Sedition Act
During WW1 the U.S supreme court ruled that it was lawful to restrict speech that
Presented a clear and present danger to the nation
what was the first organization formed to protect fee speech in the united states
the american civil liberties union
in 1940 what speech act did congress declare illegal
urging the violent overthrow of the federal goverment
in 1964 the supreme court ruled that before a public official can recover damages for slander her or she must prove that
the slanderous statement was made with actual malice
in 1989 the supreme court overturned a statue that made buring the unties states flag because illegal because
they found it to be a speech act protected by the 1st amendment
after the terrorist attacks of september 11 the united states government passed the —- which broadened the investigative powers of government agencies and restricted free speech
patroit act
if your speech goal is to —- ist is probably ethical
inform or persuade
speakers who bring in false claims and tug at the emotions of the audience instead of using sound evidence and logical arguments are classified as —- speakers
being — involves becoming as aware as possible of other feelings needs interests and backgrounds
audience centered
sometimes called —– sensitivity to differences does not mean that speaker must abandon their own convictions for those of their audience
in a persuasive speech you tell a hypothetical story in your intro and represent as actually happening to you is this appropriate
no because you are violating an ethical principle which requires that speakers be honest
hypothetical illustrations within a speech are
acceptable to show what might happen as long as the speaker is clear that it is hypothetical
lifting key passages from sources you do not credit in your speech is a unethical practice know as
relying too heavily on vocab or sentence structure of a source is a less obvious form of plagiarism know as
when citing your sources orally in a speech you should
state briefly the author tile and year
in regard to those times when you are not sue if the info you are using is common knowledge your text suggest that you should
document the source
—– is the speakers believability
greek rhetorician aristotle used the term to refer to a speaker credibility
while its is a freedom free speech is not protected by law
ethical speaking is inherently audience centered
the second amendment to the constitution guarantees free speech
as the boundaries of free speech expand the importance of ethical speech decreases
it is sometimes tempting to resort to false claims to gain power over others but it is always unethical to do so
you are still ethical if you avoid presenting info that could be potentially damaging to you case
using a hypothetical illustration is considered unethical because it is false info
Patchwriting includes failing to give credit for compelling phrases taken form another source
—– are the beliefs values and moral principles by which people determine what is right and wrong
the — is the amendment to the us constitution that guarantees free speech
1st Amendment
a —- is a behavior that is viewed by law as nonverbal communication and is subject to the same protections and limitations as verbal speech
Speech act
is speech that is responsible honest and tolerant
ethical speech
is sensitivity to the feelings needs interests and backgrounds of others people
what are the guidelines for being a ethical speaker
clearly responsible goal
sound evidence and reasoning
sensitive and tolerant of all differences
avoids plagiarism
what does accommodation in public speaking mean
sensitivity to feels needs interest and background of other people
what are the guidelines to practice when integrating an oral citation
state title and author
quote sources
pause before and after quoting
what is the relationship between ethics and credibility
if your overall objective is to inform or persuade it is probably ethical if your goal is to coerce or manipulate it is unethical

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