Chapter 3 Biochemistry (Test Review) – BIOLOGY

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organic compound
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compounds that contain the element Carbon
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# electrons in outer shell of Carbon
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4
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Carbon bonds
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readily with other carbon atoms, can form single, double or triple bonds with other atoms
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examples of carbohydrate
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sugars such as sucrose or glucose; cellulos, glycogen
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polysaccharides
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example of a complex carbohydrate
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amino acids
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monomers of protein
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organic molecule most closely related to proteins
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amino acids
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proteins
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long chains of amino acids
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lipids
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nonpolar molecules
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examples of lipids
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saturated fats, cholesterol , ear wax
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lipids are soluble in
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oil
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organic molecule closely related to nucleic acids
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nucleotides
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examples of nucleic acids
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DNA and RNA
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phospholipids molecules contain
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two fatty acids, a phosphate group and glycerol
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without enzymes
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chemical reactions would occur to slow for life processes
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are a main source of energy; monomer are monosaccharides
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carbohydrates
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are an energy storage & provide insulation; monomer are glycerol & fatty acids
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lipids
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pass hereditary information to future generations; monomer are nucleotides
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nucleic acids
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lipids like oil contain which atoms
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carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
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enzymes
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catalyze chemical reactions
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structure of carbohydrates
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structure of protein
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structure of nucleic acid
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structure of lipid
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types of lipids
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triglycerides, steroids, waxes, phospholipids
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types of nucleic acids
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DNA and RNA
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types of carbohydrates
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monosaccharides (simple), disaccharides (complex), polysaccharides (complex)
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function of lipids in living organisms
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waterproof coverings
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how are fatty acids are used in the body
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for storing energy
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organic molecule closely related to nucleic acids
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nucleotides
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optimal temperature at which enzyme works on graph is 40 C
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optimal pH at which enzyme works on graph is 7
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