Chapter 29 Sect. 1 : Marching Toward War

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What is nationalism?
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the belief that people’s loyalty shouldn’t be to a king or empire, but to their own nation.
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How did nationalism increase tensions among European nations?
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It increased power among the European nations.
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What is imperialism?
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a policy of extending a country’s power through military force.
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How did imperialism increase tensions among European nations?
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European colonies competed for colonies in Asia and Africa.
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What is militarism?
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the belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests.
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How did militarism increase tensions among European nations?
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Rivalry; competition to see who can be the strongest militia.
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Triple Alliance (1882)
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An alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
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How did the Triple Alliance increase tension among European nations?
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Italy left and was replaced by the Ottoman Empire; tried to isolate France.
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Triple Entente (1907)
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an alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before World War I.
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How did the Triple Entente increase tensions among European nations?
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Established two rival camps; increased reason for war.
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Assassination in Sarajevo
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Serbian nationalists kill Archduke Franz Ferdinand
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How did the assassination in Sarajevo increase tensions among European nations?
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Led to war on Serbia; confrontation with Russia and Austria-Hungary.
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Kaiser Wilhelm II
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A proud and stubborn kaiser ruling Germany; he forced Bismarck to resign; couldn’t make up his mind a lot; impulsive; led to Franco-Russian alliance.

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