chapter 23: northern europe and spain (1500-1600)

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isenheim altarpiece (outside) (matthias Grunewald (neihardt))
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where: northern europe/spain when: renaissance (1500-1600s) commissioned for: a hospital run by an order of monks purpose: to communicate hope through imagery (basically ur suffering but its all okay bc jc also suffered!!! have fun dying) signs that jc is dead: weird tint, on the cross, weird fingers (ppl around him have these too to mirror his suffering) details: arms are really long which heightens anguish
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isenheim altarpiece (inside) (matthias Grunewald (neihardt))
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where: northern europe/spain when: renaissance (1500-1600s) details: brighter colors symbolize that things get better after you die the guy on the far right w/the sun is jc who looks like a star (haha bc the sun is a star)
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great piece of turf (albrecht durer)
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where: northern europe/spain when: renaissance (1500-1600s) artist bio: the first internationally famous artist (during his own time) comp: watercolor
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self portrait, 1500 (durer)
self portrait, 1500 (durer)
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where: northern europe/spain when: renaissance (1500-1600s) renaissance principles: triangles (himself, his hair, facial hair, coat, neck), individualism, signing works purpose: to advertise ability (expensive coat-sucessful) details: he portrayed himself as jesus (to comment on how his gift as an artist comes from god)
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fall of man (adam and eve) (durer)
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where: northern europe/spain when: renaissance (1500-1600s) italian principles: contrapposto, idealized, detailed comp: engraving purpose of animals: mouse + cat (mouse-evil is going to run amok when adam checks up and cat will chase it), snake is putting an apple in eve’s hand details: plaque above adam’s shoulder has an inscription branches cover up genitals bc northern euro wasn’t as familiar/comfortable with nudity as italy
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henry viii (holbein)
henry viii (holbein)
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where: northern europe/spain when: renaissance (1500-1600s) artist bio: is a court painter typical characteristics of this artist’s style: elaborate clothing, large depictions, stern/focused gaze, confidence (hand on hip)
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the french ambassadors (holbein)
the french ambassadors (holbein)
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where: northern europe/spain when: renaissance (1500-1600s) depicts: french ambassadors to england (jean and georges) anamorphic skill: distorted image which u can see when viewed with a special device or at a weird angle, memento mori (remember death). makes viewers think about death and ressurection details: smart ppl (objects on the table include math and science stuff)
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garden of earthly delights (bosch)
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where: northern europe/spain when: renaissance (1500-1600s) layout: like an altarpiece purpose: to warn ppl of the fate awaiting the sinful, decadent, and immoral central themes: marriage, sex, procreation left panel: god presents eve to adam right panel: horrors of hell (torturous) central panel: nude ppl hang out w/weird animals. fruits and birds suggest procreation. eating strawberries (symbol of excess)
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money changer and his wife (quinten massys)
money changer and his wife (quinten massys)
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where: northern europe/spain when: renaissance (1500-1600s) depicts: man at work w/his wife genre: showing ppl at work doing common things (v common during the renaissance) signs that they are ignoring religion: woman is watching husband instead of prayer book, water + candle are religious symbols which are ignored by the couple. also not looking at the window with the church that is being reflected in the mirror details: apple in the background symbolizes adam and eve
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butcher’s stall (pieter aertsen)
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where: northern europe/spain when: renaissance (1500-1600s) genre scene?: possibly background: ppl walking away from the wealth/abundance of the world towards the church religious images: jacob leading donkey carrying marry, offer alms, ppl heading to church, cruciform fish, pretzels, wine
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self portrait, 1548 (caterina van hemessen)
self portrait, 1548 (caterina van hemessen)
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where: northern europe/spain when: renaissance (1500-1600s) typical elements of her portraits: dark background to focus on individual details: first known northern european self portrait by a woman shows herself as financially well off it was v common for female painters to depict themselves painting as a signature of sorts multiple paintbrushes to demonstrate skill maulstick to rest her arm
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hunters in the snow (pieter bruegel the elder)
hunters in the snow (pieter bruegel the elder)
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where: northern europe/spain when: renaissance (1565) what: cycle painting (varying activities associated with different seasons, basically a book of hours but on canvas, one of 6 remaining.) depicts: severe winter of 1565 details: diagonal lines are used to lead you back into the scene
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el escorial (juan de herrera)
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where: spain when: renaissance (1500-1600s) functions as: royal mausoleum, church, monastery, palace similarities to palazzo: classical influence, multiple stories, a lot of regularly spaced windows, ordered and symmetrical
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burial of count orgaz, 1586 (el greco)
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where: spain when: renaissance (1586) based on: the legend that the count of orgaz was buried in the church by saints stephen and augustine bc he was so religious and good and whatever details: saints wear gold, mourners wear black, everyone else is a clergy member mourners make a line that divides earth from heaven angel brings his soul into heaven (yellow skirt makes you look, links top and bottom) ppl in heaven are lighter/more colorful/elongated kid at the bottom is count’s son (?) who looks at you to draw you in and points to his dad to form a bridge

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