Chapter 22,23,24,25,26

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mixed a liberal concern for the poor with a conservative wish to control social disorder.
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The ideology of progressivism, insofar as it had one, generally
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presented carefully researched exposés of corporate and government abuses.
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McClure’s magazine pioneered a new style of journalism featuring writers like Lincoln Steffens who
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muckrakers.
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Journalists who exposed corruption in government and industry were called
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“Does it work?”
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A popular new way of thinking called pragmatism asked the question,
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sociological jurisprudence
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The belief that laws are to be interpreted according to experience and the needs of a changing society is best described as
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child labor
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What was the subject of the Keating-Owen Act?
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birth control.
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Margaret Sanger worked to provide women with information about
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The Congressional Union was more militant in its tactics.
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What was the key difference between Alice Paul’s Congressional Union and the activities of the National American Woman Suffrage Association?
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ignored the question altogether.
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On the issue of racial discrimination, progressives generally
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called on the “talented tenth” to publicly oppose segregation, disenfranchisement, and discrimination.
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W.E.B. Du Bois
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eugenics
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The new science called ________ gave respectability to the idea that new immigrants to the U.S. were biologically inferior.
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They stressed Americanization programs.
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For the most part, how did progressives respond to an increase in the number of immigrants?
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The progressives were a diverse group with sometimes conflicting positions.
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Based on the attitudes that progressives had toward immigration, alcohol consumption, prostitution, and racial discrimination, what can you conclude about who constituted the progressives?
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It showed that he would intervene on behalf of labor, as well as management.
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Why was Theodore Roosevelt’s intervention in the 1902 anthracite coal strike important?
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mediation.
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Theodore Roosevelt saw government’s role in implementing the “Square Deal” as capitalization.
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The New Nationalism accepted concentrations of capital, labor, and government; the New Freedom stressed competitiveness among small business and reduced government power.
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What is an accurate comparison of the two competing brands of political progressivism in the 1912 presidential campaign (Theodore Roosevelt’s “New Nationalism” and Woodrow Wilson’s “New Freedom”)
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Federal Reserve Act.
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In 1913 a compromise was reached regarding the regulation of banking and this compromise was codified in the
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alcohol taxes and customs duties.
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In the nineteenth century, the primary revenue source for the federal government was
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shaped policy and legislation to a greater degree.
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Woodrow Wilson’s executive style was different than Theodore Roosevelt’s in that Wilson
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It favored factual evidence over legal precedent.
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The “Brandeis Brief,” as innovated by Louis Brandeis in the case of Muller v. Oregon, was notable for what quality?
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importing the militancy of the English woman suffrage movement to the United States
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As a disciple of Emmeline Pankhurst, what was Alice Paul’s chief contribution to the woman suffrage movement?
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called on the elite “talented tenth” of the African-American community to assume leadership in the struggle for civil rights.
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In response to widespread racial discrimination, W.E.B. Du Bois
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It was a fringe movement that obtained little popular attention or support.
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Which of the following statements about eugenics is least accurate?
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Wisconsin
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Robert La Follette’s progressive program became synonymous with which state, which he governed from 1901 to 1906?
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the referendum
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Which progressive reform allowed citizens to vote directly to enact or repeal laws?
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exonerate black troops unjustly accused of “shooting up” Brownsville, Texas.
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With regard to race relations, President Roosevelt did all the following except
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regulation of the food industry
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Upton Sinclair’s novel The Jungle played a significant role in advancing what reform?
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opposing bigness in business and government alike
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What was the cornerstone of Woodrow Wilson’s New Freedom?
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the racial integration of federal offices.
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The accomplishments of the Wilson administration included all the following except
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justified intervention in the internal affairs of Caribbean countries.
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Under the Roosevelt Corollary, the U.S.
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promote American corporate interests overseas through the use of armed force.
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Taft’s dollar diplomacy was intended to accomplish all of the following except
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it was linked closely with unpopular regimes, banks, and corporations.
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Dollar diplomacy failed in the Caribbean because
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Southern Chinese provinces rebelling against foreign intrusion and overthrowing the monarchy.
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Taft’s efforts in dollar diplomacy in Asia resulted in which of the following?
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a missionary commitment to spreading his system of beliefs across the world
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Wilson added which of the following to the principles of American diplomacy?
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He sent troops to protect U.S. interests.
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How did Wilson use missionary diplomacy to gain headway in Nicaragua, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic?
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a neutral United States could lead the warring nations to a “peace without victory.”
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Wilson’s commitment to neutrality in the World War stemmed from his profound conviction that
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Wilson issued an order to the attacker, Germany, which, if not followed, would lead the U.S. into entering the war.
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Why was the sinking of the Lusitania a turning point in America entering the war?
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Mexico would attack the U.S.
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The inflammatory Zimmerman Telegram proposed that in the event of war between the U.S. and Germany
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the resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare by Germany
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Which event was most important in causing Woodrow Wilson to ask Congress for a declaration of war?
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People felt Germany was to blame for everything.
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Why was Germany so maligned during discussions at Versailles?
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Countries bound to respect and protect each other and isolate aggressors.
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What did Wilson hope to achieve with the League of Nations?
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Wilson refused to compromise with Republicans who opposed the treaty.
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The Treaty of Versailles never received Senate ratification because
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They wanted to preserve American sovereignty in foreign affairs.
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Why were legislators like Henry Cabot Lodge opposed to Wilson’s proposal for a League of Nations?
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Terrorist activity and postwar strikes created chaos
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Why were Americans so concerned about radicalism following World War I?
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claimed for itself the right to police the internal affairs of other American nations.
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Under the “Roosevelt Corollary” to the Monroe Doctrine, the United States
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an end to the segregation of Japanese students in San Francisco schools
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As part of Roosevelt’s “gentlemen’s agreement,” what did Japan receive in return for a promise to block future Japanese immigration to the United States?
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Russia.
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The Central Powers and their allies in World War I consisted of all the following except
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could lead the warring nations to a “peace without victory” if it remained neutral.
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Wilson’s initial commitment to neutrality in World War I stemmed from his conviction that the United States
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creating a dozen new states on the basis of national self-determination.
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Although Wilson suffered numerous setbacks in the negotiations that led to the Treaty of Versailles, he did succeed in
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a revolution in labor relations, marked by new growth in the size and influence of labor unions.
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The roaring economy of the 1920s involved all of the following except
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his commitment to standardization and assembly-line mass production.
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Henry Ford’s great contribution to modern industrial culture was
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shifted during the 1920s from emphasizing products to stressing a consumer’s desires
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The advertising industry
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They sought to increase production.
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Why did employers’ groups implement welfare capitalism as part of their American Plan (1921)?
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resulted primarily from changes caused by World War I.
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Changes in attitudes toward women in the 1920s
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pursue racial integration.
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Marcus Garvey called for African Americans to do all of the following except
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a surge of literature, painting, and sculpture., an exploration of street life in cities, folkways of the rural South, and the primitivism of preindustrial cultures., AND support of artists by some white patrons. ALL OF THE ABOVE ARE CORRECT
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The renaissance in African American culture in Harlem resulted in
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It caused many African Americans to embrace black nationalism.
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what legacy might Marcus Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association have had?
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All of these answers are correct.
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What propelled the “culture wars” between traditionalists and proponents of modern city life?
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capping the total number and limiting the entry of immigrants.
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The National Origins Acts of 1921 and 1924 cut down the number of immigrants by
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All of these answers are correct. labor leaders, CATHLOICS, SOCIAL SCIENTISTS, LABOR LEADERS
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Which of the following groups generally supported the Prohibition movement?
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the Klan reflected the insecurities of the New Era.
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There was renewed interest in the KKK because
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was based on expectations that weren’t always realistic.
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Speculation, which had taken over the stock market, was troubling to financial analysts because it
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damaged the economy and broke the unbounded optimism of the New Era.
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The Great Crash
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the demand for goods decreased, which meant that inventories climbed and companies lost money.
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Overexpansion negatively affected business by the end of the 1920s because
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allowing big business to operate unchecked.
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Coolidge’s administration contributed to the economic problems by
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companies suffered from overexpansion, reduced demand, and weak management.
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Unemployment was a sign of a troubled economy because it showed that
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shrinking personal debt.
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All the following were factors contributing to the booming economy of the 1920s except
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growing strength, size, and influence of independent labor unions.
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Developments in the 1920s economy included all the following except the
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Charles Lindbergh
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Whose transatlantic solo flight made him one of the most renowned celebrities of the 1920s?
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growing assertiveness and racial pride of black Americans.
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Marcus Garvey, Claude McKay, and Zora Neale Hurston were representative of the
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religious pluralism.
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Traditionalists who resisted the changes of the 1920s were most likely to oppose
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Northwestern Europe
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The immigrants coming to the United States in the immediate aftermath of World War I were least likely to come from which of the following regions?
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increased availability of money and credit.
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One of several factors that contributed to the bull market of the 1920s was the
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inability of factories to produce enough goods to meet consumer demands.
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The Great Depression resulted from all the following factors except the
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people could listen to the same programs, no matter where they lived.
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Radio bound the country together because
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showing movies that preserved traditional values and middle-class morality.
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Movie studios lured viewers into movie houses during the Great Depression by
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include ethnic Mexicans.
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LULAC, or the League of United Latin American Citizens, aimed to do all of the following except
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It caused a flood of migrants from the Great Plains to the West.
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What was the most important effect of the Dust Bowl?
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the Brains Trust believed that it was the first step to economic solvency.
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Roosevelt turned his attention to saving the banks first because
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get people working again as well as make a difference in the community.
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The purpose of Roosevelt’s work programs was to
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instituting planning that would boost industrial activity and consumer spending.
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Roosevelt dealt with big business by
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private interests.
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New Deal planning for agriculture and industry depended primarily on
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some wealthy executives felt that Roosevelt was an enemy of private property, people felt that change wasn’t happening quickly enough, and some people felt that Roosevelt was a dictator in the making.
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One of the reasons there was dissent from the New Deal was that
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get more Americans working through the Works Progress Administration.
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One of Roosevelt’s biggest pushes during the Second Hundred Days was to
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help those who could not help themselves, as well as retirees and those who lost their jobs.
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The Social Security Act aimed to
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he stood up for those at the bottom of the economic ladder.
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Roosevelt’s reelection in 1936 was due in large part to the fact that
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needed to be protected more than they needed to be employed.
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While women experienced many benefits of the New Deal, government insisted that women
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organize “sit-down strikes” in the factories and refuse to work.
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One way that workers challenged the “business as usual” stance in industry in the 1930s was to
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Despite discrimination, the New Deal helped many African Americans.
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Why did a black majority vote Democratic in the election of 1934?
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Government support for unions allowed organization of unskilled workers to flourish.
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Why did union membership grow so precipitously over the course of the 1930s?
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the plan was defeated, but the Supreme Court became more favorable to New Deal legislation.
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The ultimate outcome of Roosevelt’s court-packing plan was that
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for the government to increase spending and continue running deficits.
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One economic tactic, advocated by economist John Maynard Keynes, that might have led the United States more quickly out of the Depression was
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bringing an end to the Great Depression.
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The New Deal legacy included all of the following except
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Americans knew that in hard times, the government would come to their aid.
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One of the most important results of the New Deal was that
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big business.
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The Roosevelt coalition that took shape during the Great Depression tied all the following factions to the Democratic Party except
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celebrate traditional values and middle-class morality.
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During the Great Depression, radio programs and movies tended to
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California
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Migrants uprooted by the Dust Bowl generally sought economic opportunities in which state?
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pragmatic experimentation.
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The defining characteristic of the New Deal was
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nationalizing the banking system.
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To preserve America’s banks, the government adopted all the following measures except

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