History Chapter 22 Answers

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Ho Chi Minh
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Leader of North Vietnam
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Vietminh
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Communist group led by Ho Chi Minh
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Domino theory
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Eisenhower’s explanation for stopping communism
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Dien Bien Phu
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Major French outpost captured by Vietminh
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Geneva Accords
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Peace agreement that split Vietnam in two
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Ngo Dinh Diem
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Leader of South Vietnam
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Vietcong
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Communist rebel group in South Vietnam
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Ho Chi Minh Trail
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Network of paths running between North and South Vietnam
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Tonkin Gulf Resolution
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Resolution that allowed President Johnson to fight in Vietnam
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For what reason did U.S. support France in war?
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U.S. was determined to stop spread of communism
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Briefly explain who the Vietcong were
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Vietcong was rebel group formed in South of Korea. It fought against Diem’s rule. Ho Chi Minh supported Vietcong form North
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What did Tonkin Gulf Resolution grant President Johnson?
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Tonkin Gulf Resolution granted President Johnson broad military powers in Vietnam
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New Left
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Name given to youth movement of 1960s
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Students for Democratic Society
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Prominent group of New Left
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Free Speech Movement
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New Left group that attacked business and government
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Dove
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Those Americans who called for America to withdraw from Vietnam
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Hawk
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Those Americans who supported war effort
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Name two groups of Americans who did most of fighting in Vietnam
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lower class whites/ minorities
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Tet offensive
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series of Vietcong attacks during 1968 Tet holiday
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Clark Clifford
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Lyndon Johnson adviser who became his secretary of defense
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Robert Kennedy
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Democratic candidate for president in 1968
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Eugene McCarthy
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Democratic presidential candidate who ran on antiwar platform
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Hubert Humphrey
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1968 Democratic nominee for president
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George Wallace
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Third party candidate in 1968 presidential election
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How did Tet offensive affect Johnson’s popularity?
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nearly 60% of public disapproved of Johnson’s handling of war.
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Name two events that shocked Americans in 1968.
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Gunman killed civil rights leader MLKJ. As assassin gunned down killed Robert Kennedy
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Name two reasons that protesters came to Chicago for Democratic convention
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Some protesters wanted to pressure Democrats to create an antiwar platform and others wanted to voice their opposition to Humphrey.
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Vietnamization
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President Nixon’s plan for ending America’s involvement in war
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silent majority
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Those mainstream Americans who supported Nixon’s policies
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Pentagon Papers
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government documents that showed government had no real plan for leaving Vietnam
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Henry Kissinger
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Nixon adviser who helped negotiate an end to war
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Khmer Rouge
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Communist group that took control of Cambodia
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War Powers Act
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Act that forbids president from mobilizing troops without Congressional approval
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Robert McNamara
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Secretary of Defense under Johnson
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Dean Rusk
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Secretary of State under Johnson
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William Westmoreland
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Commander of U.S. troops in Vietnam
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Napalm
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Gasoline-based explosive
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Agent Orange
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Chemical that destroyed jungle land
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Search-and-destroy mission
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Tactic in which U.S. troops destroyed Vietnamese villages
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Credibility gap
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Situation in which U.S. public no longer believed Johnson administration
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Name two groups that supported Johnson’s decision to use troops in Vietnam.
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Public and president’s advisers supported Johnson’s decision to use troops in Vietnam.
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Name two reasons why U.S. failed to score quick victory against Vietcong.
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Inability to win support of Vietnamese peasants and Vietcong used hit-and-run ambush tactics.
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How did war affect Johnson’s Great Society?
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President Johnson had to cut spending for his Great Society to pay for war, growing number of people no longer believed what president saying.
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Name both aspects of Vietnamization plan
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Called for gradual withdrawl of US troops called for South Vietnamese to do more of fighting
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Name two incidents that weakened support for war.
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Nixon’s invasion of Cambodia and Pentagon Papers
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What happened to South Vietnam after America left?
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Peace agreement collapsed North and South Vietnam resumed fighting
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Name two ways in which the war affected Americans.
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War made Americans less willing to become involved in foreign wars. War also left many Americans with feeling of mistrust toward their government
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Name two New Left groups
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Free Speech movement and student for Democratic society
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Briefly explain position of hawks and doves
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Dove: Those Americans who called for America to withdraw from Vietnam Hawk: Those Americans who supported war effort

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