Uniform Terminology for Occupational Therapy – Flashcards

question
Tactile
answer
touch
question
Proprioceptive
answer
awareness of body in space
question
Gustatory
answer
taste
question
Olfactory
answer
smell
question
Visual
answer
vision
question
Auditory
answer
hearing
question
Stereognosis
answer
identifying objects through proprioception, cognition, and touch
question
Kinesthesia
answer
identifying the excursion and direction of joint movement
question
Pain Response
answer
interpreting noxious stimuli
question
Body Scheme
answer
mental representation of the parts of the body and their relationship to each other
question
Right-Left Discrimination
answer
knowing one side from the other
question
Form Constancy
answer
recognizing forms and objects as the same in various environments, positions, and sizes
question
Position in Space
answer
determining the spatial relationship of figures and objects to self or other forms and objects
question
Visual Closure
answer
identifying forms or objects through incomplete presentations
question
Figure ground
answer
differentiating between foreground and background forms and objects
question
Depth Perception
answer
determining the relative distance between objects and the observer and changes in the planes of surfaces
question
Spatial Relationships
answer
determining the position of objects relative to one another, in relation to self
question
Topographical Orientation
answer
determining the location of objects and the route to the location
question
Reflex
answer
involuntary response to stimulus
question
Range of Motion
answer
complete extent of movement of which a joint is normally capable.
question
Muscle Tone
answer
degree of tension or resistance in a muscle
question
Strength
answer
ability of a muscle to apply and resist force (pinch, grip)
question
Endurance
answer
amount of time in which an individual can perform a particular activity.
question
Postural Control
answer
how long person can remain upright
question
Postural Alignment
answer
maintaining biomechanical integrity among body parts
question
Soft Tissue Integrity
answer
maintaining anatomical and physiological condition of tissue and skin
question
Gross Motor Coordination
answer
using large muscle groups for controlled, goal directed movements
question
Crossing the Midline
answer
moving limbs and eyes across the midsagittal plane of the body
question
Laterality
answer
using a preferred unilateral body part for activities requiring a high level of skill
question
Bilateral Integration
answer
coordinating both body sides during activity
question
Motor Control
answer
using the body in functional and versatile movement patterns
question
Praxis
answer
conceiving and planning a new motor act in response to environmental demand
question
Fine Motor Control
answer
using small muscle groups for controlled movements
question
Visual Motor Integration
answer
coordinating the interaction of information from the eyes with body movement during activity
question
Oral Motor Control
answer
coordinating oropharngeal musculature for controlled movements during chewing, swallowing, or blowing
question
Level of Arousal
answer
demonstrating alertness and responsiveness to environmental stimuli
question
Orientation (Ox3)
answer
awareness of person, place, and time
question
Recognition
answer
retrieval method in which one must identify present stimuli as having been previously presented
question
Attention Span
answer
length of time a person can concentrate on a single activity, idea, or task
question
Memory
answer
recalling previous presented information
question
Initiation of Activity
answer
starting a physical or mental activity
question
Termination of Activity
answer
stopping an activity at an appropriate time
question
Sequencing
answer
placing information, concepts, and actions in order
question
Categorization
answer
identifying similarities of and differences among pieces of environmental information and putting things into meaningful groups
question
Concept Formation
answer
classifying into meaningful categories (stimulus generalization within a class of stimuli and discrimination between classes of stimuli)
question
Spatial Operations
answer
mentally manipulating the position of objects in various relationships
question
Problem Solving
answer
1. define problem 2. identify options 3. pick one 4. execute 5. adjust
question
Learning
answer
acquiring new concepts and behaviors
question
Generalization
answer
applying previously learned concepts and behaviors to a variety of situations
question
Vestibular
answer
balance
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question
Tactile
answer
touch
question
Proprioceptive
answer
awareness of body in space
question
Gustatory
answer
taste
question
Olfactory
answer
smell
question
Visual
answer
vision
question
Auditory
answer
hearing
question
Stereognosis
answer
identifying objects through proprioception, cognition, and touch
question
Kinesthesia
answer
identifying the excursion and direction of joint movement
question
Pain Response
answer
interpreting noxious stimuli
question
Body Scheme
answer
mental representation of the parts of the body and their relationship to each other
question
Right-Left Discrimination
answer
knowing one side from the other
question
Form Constancy
answer
recognizing forms and objects as the same in various environments, positions, and sizes
question
Position in Space
answer
determining the spatial relationship of figures and objects to self or other forms and objects
question
Visual Closure
answer
identifying forms or objects through incomplete presentations
question
Figure ground
answer
differentiating between foreground and background forms and objects
question
Depth Perception
answer
determining the relative distance between objects and the observer and changes in the planes of surfaces
question
Spatial Relationships
answer
determining the position of objects relative to one another, in relation to self
question
Topographical Orientation
answer
determining the location of objects and the route to the location
question
Reflex
answer
involuntary response to stimulus
question
Range of Motion
answer
complete extent of movement of which a joint is normally capable.
question
Muscle Tone
answer
degree of tension or resistance in a muscle
question
Strength
answer
ability of a muscle to apply and resist force (pinch, grip)
question
Endurance
answer
amount of time in which an individual can perform a particular activity.
question
Postural Control
answer
how long person can remain upright
question
Postural Alignment
answer
maintaining biomechanical integrity among body parts
question
Soft Tissue Integrity
answer
maintaining anatomical and physiological condition of tissue and skin
question
Gross Motor Coordination
answer
using large muscle groups for controlled, goal directed movements
question
Crossing the Midline
answer
moving limbs and eyes across the midsagittal plane of the body
question
Laterality
answer
using a preferred unilateral body part for activities requiring a high level of skill
question
Bilateral Integration
answer
coordinating both body sides during activity
question
Motor Control
answer
using the body in functional and versatile movement patterns
question
Praxis
answer
conceiving and planning a new motor act in response to environmental demand
question
Fine Motor Control
answer
using small muscle groups for controlled movements
question
Visual Motor Integration
answer
coordinating the interaction of information from the eyes with body movement during activity
question
Oral Motor Control
answer
coordinating oropharngeal musculature for controlled movements during chewing, swallowing, or blowing
question
Level of Arousal
answer
demonstrating alertness and responsiveness to environmental stimuli
question
Orientation (Ox3)
answer
awareness of person, place, and time
question
Recognition
answer
retrieval method in which one must identify present stimuli as having been previously presented
question
Attention Span
answer
length of time a person can concentrate on a single activity, idea, or task
question
Memory
answer
recalling previous presented information
question
Initiation of Activity
answer
starting a physical or mental activity
question
Termination of Activity
answer
stopping an activity at an appropriate time
question
Sequencing
answer
placing information, concepts, and actions in order
question
Categorization
answer
identifying similarities of and differences among pieces of environmental information and putting things into meaningful groups
question
Concept Formation
answer
classifying into meaningful categories (stimulus generalization within a class of stimuli and discrimination between classes of stimuli)
question
Spatial Operations
answer
mentally manipulating the position of objects in various relationships
question
Problem Solving
answer
1. define problem 2. identify options 3. pick one 4. execute 5. adjust
question
Learning
answer
acquiring new concepts and behaviors
question
Generalization
answer
applying previously learned concepts and behaviors to a variety of situations
question
Vestibular
answer
balance
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