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Flashcards and Answers – Chapter 21

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Which is the correct order of major events in the history of twentieth-century communism?
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Long March in China, Korean War, China’s Cultural Revolution
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Which of the following statements best describes the establishment of communist rule in China?
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It was a decades-long violent struggle.
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Who was the communist leader who led his party to victory in 1949?
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Mao Zedong
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In the revolutionary period, which of the following sectors of the Chinese population provided essential support for Chinese communists?
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Peasants
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What did \”building socialism\” mean to communist party leaders?
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Modernization and industrialization
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Which of the following statements is true of early communist China?
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Its educational system was much less developed than that of the USSR.
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What is collectivization?
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The creation of communal farms to replace family-owned enterprises
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China’s effort to develop rapidly and create a more truly communist society in the late 1950s was known as
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the Great Leap Forward.
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Which of the following was a result of urbanization in both China and the Soviet Union?
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The growth of a privileged bureaucratic and technological elite
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What was the Iron Curtain?
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A heavily fortified border between eastern and western Europe
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How was the Cuban Missile Crisis resolved?
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The Soviet government removed the missiles it had placed in Cuba in return for a U.S. promise not to invade the island.
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Which of the following states was a consistent U.S. ally in the Cold War?
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France
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At the end of World War II, which state had the world’s most productive economy?
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The United States
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Why has 1989 been dubbed a \”miracle year\”?
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Popular movements toppled communist governments throughout Eastern Europe.
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Among the changes in China after Deng Xiaoping took control in 1976 was
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the reappearance of previously banned plays, operas, films, and western books.
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Which of the following events is associated with Tiananmen Square?
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The mass slaughter of pro-democracy demonstrators in China
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Which of the following was an effect of Gorbachev’s reforms?
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The collapse of the Soviet Union
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Mikhail Gorbachev’s reform program was known as
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perestroika.
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Which of these states was under communist rule at some point in the twentieth century?
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Afghanistan
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What was the end result of Mao’s two great campaigns, the \”Great Leap Forward\” and the \”Cultural Revolution\”?
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The death and ruin of tens of millions and the widespread discrediting of communism
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In the 1950s, an intense wave of fear of communists and their political repression in the United States was known as
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McCarthyism.
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Which earlier revolution was a model for the revolutions in both Russia and China?
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French Revolution
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The revolutionary leader of Russia’s Bolshevik Party was
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Vladimir Lenin.
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Which of the following did the Bolsheviks promise to Russia?
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Land for peasants
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After World War II, Stalin installed communist governments in which of the following states?
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Czechoslovakia