Chapter 17 Review (Online Quiz)

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Who was Frederick Jackson Turner?
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An American historian who wrote about the western frontier.
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What was the biggest killer of Native Americans in the West?
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Disease. Whites brought cholera, diphtheria, measles, scarlet fever, and other contagious diseases to the Indians out West.
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Which of the following sums up how Americans who called themselves “friends of the Indians” characterized Indian reservations?
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Stepping-stones to civilization
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How did Indians survive after the decimation of buffalo herds in the latter 1870s?
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Nomadic Indians grew dependent on stingy allotments on reservations.
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How did the Sioux attempt to regain the Black Hills in 1923?
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The Indians filed a suit demanding the return of their land. In 1923, they filed a suit demanding the return of the land illegally taken from them.
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How did Indian agents respond when Native American parents resisted sending their children to school in the late nineteenth century?
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They dispatched the military to kidnap the children.
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Congress passed the 1887 Dawes Allotment Act in order to
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Divide reservations and allot parcels of land to individual Indians.
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Which of the following best characterizes the end result of the Dawes Act of 1887?
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The act dramatically reduced Native American land holdings.
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What occurrence led to the end of the Nez Percé war of 1877?
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Chief Joseph’s famous surrender “I will fight no more forever”
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What did participants in the Ghost Dance hope to bring about in the late nineteenth century?
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An apocalypse that would restore old Indian ways
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The easiest way to get rich on the Comstock was to
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form a mining company and sell shares of stock.
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What role did San Francisco play in the silver rush of the Nevada Comstock Lode?
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The San Francisco stock market served to finance Comstock mining operations.
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How did the Comstock discovery change the practice of mining in the late-nineteenth-century West
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The Comstock discovery sped up the transition from small-scale industry to corporate oligopoly.
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What made Nicodemas, Kansas a notable community in the nineteenth-century West?
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It was formed as an all-black community in 1877 and grew by over 200 percent by 1880.
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Which of the following best assesses the impact of the Chinese Exclusion Act on Chinese Americans in the late nineteenth century?
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The Exclusion Act led to a sharp drop in the Chinese population.
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. Which groups of Americans were eligible to receive 160 free acres of land under the Homestead Act?
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Any citizen or prospective citizen of the United States
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Who were “sodbusters” in the late-nineteenth-century West?
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These were poor homesteaders in the West who lived without basic necessities in houses made of sod.
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Why did agricultural experts think that 160 acres of land would not support a family in western Kansas, Nebraska, and eastern Colorado?
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They argued that the land was semiarid and therefore had a lower yield.
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Which of the following best assesses the Oklahoma land runs of 1889 and 1893?
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Thousands of homesteaders amassed at the border to claim parts of the former Indian Territory.
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The number of American farms rose between 1870 and 1900 at the same time as
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the share of Americans living on farms declined.

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