Chapter 14 Study Guide

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How did the Great Depression eventually change Germany politically?
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Germans eventually believed that Hitler would solve their economic problems
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Which of the following actions did Japan take in an attempt to recover from the Great Depression?
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Japan seized control of resources in other nations
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What impact did the appeasement policy of the United States, Britain, and France have on German aggression?
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it encouraged more aggression
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The Neutrality Act of 1939 allowed nations at war to buy arms and other supplies from the United States as long as those nations
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paid cash and transported the materials themselves
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Which of the following was perceived as being equivalent to declaring economic war against the Axis Powers?
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the Lend-Lease Act
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What goal did President Roosevelt hope to achieve when he enacted the embargo on naval and aviation supplies in 1940?
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to stop Japanese expansion
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What role did the Office of War Mobilization (OWM) play during the war?
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it supervised use of industry resources
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Italy and Japan were dissatisfied with the peace settlements provided in the Treaty of Versailles because both countries expected more
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territory in exchange for their sacrifices during World War I
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Which political party rose to power in Germany during the 1930s?
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the Nazi Party
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One of the ways that Mussolini maintained his power in Italy was by
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outlawing political parties
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The League of Nations did not prevent German and Italian aggression against other nations because it
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had no standing army and no real power to enforce its decrees
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Why did the United States initially follow a policy of appeasement toward Germany?
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the United States wanted to focus on its own economic troubles
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Roosevelt delivered his “Four Freedoms” speech to Congress in January 1941 to
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increase economic support for Britain
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How did Roosevelt’s response to German aggression toward Britain differ from his response to Japanese aggression toward China?
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he condemned both acts of aggression but provided support to Britain
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Interventionists believed that providing aid to Britain would
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keep the United States out of war
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Who appeared to be winning the war in Europe at the end of 1940?
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Germany and Italy
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How did support for the Allies change following Roosevelt’s reelection in 1940?
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support increased; Congress approved the Lend-Lease Act
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The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor because they wanted to
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destroy ships and planes that threatened their expansion efforts
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Which ships survived the attack on Pearl Harbor untouched?
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aircraft carriers
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How did the attack on Pearl Harbor change the political divisions between the isolationists and interventionists?
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the attack ended the political divisions

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