Chapter 13 True or False

Gender refers simply to whether people are female or male.
False; wealth, power, prestige

Like race or social class, gender is a major dimension of social stratification.
True

Gender affects the opportunities and constraints each of us encounters thought our lives.
True

On average, males live longer than females.
False

Margaret Mead argued that gender was mostly a matter of biology rather than culture.
False

In her famous study, Margaret Mead investigated gender in three African societies.
False; New Guinea.

Since no society has been able to eliminate patriarchy, we must conclude that it is inevitable.
False

Most sociological research suggests that gender is socially constructed and thus is subject to change.
True

In the United States, most engineers, judges, and college presidents are men.
True

In the teaching profession, the higher the level of education , the larger the share of teachers who are women.
False

Women represent an increasing share of the United States labor force.
True

In 2001, United States women earned 76 cents for every dollar earned by men.
True; 2009 women earned 78 cents

In the United States , a majority of bachelor’s degrees are earned by men.
False

Talcott Parsons described gender in terms of power relationships.
False

A social conflict account of the history of gender stratification was developed by Friedrich Engles.
True

Liberal feminism seeks the elimination of gender itself.
False

Gender is not just a matter of difference but also a matter of what?
Wealth, power, prestige. W.P.P

What are the findings of Margaret Mead’s research on gender?
Gender is socially culturally learned.

What does gender shape for people?
Feelings, emotions, behavior, and attitudes.

What percentage of today’s United States women are working for income?
60%

What nation has the greatest political power for women?
Norway

In what term does Talcott Parson described a gender?
Complementoraty.