Chapter 12: Reducing Your Risk of Cardiovascular Disease and Cancr

question

tumor
answer

Abnormal growth of tissue that results from uncontrolled multiplication of cells
question

in situ cancer
answer

Localized cancer cells in on site that have not spread to other parts of the body
question

metastasis
answer

Process in which cancer cells spread from original site to other areas of the body
question

neoplasm
answer

New and abnormal growth of tissue that results from uncontrolled multiplication of cells
question

lymphoma
answer

Type of cancer that occurs in the infection-fighting regions of the body
question

carcinoma
answer

Type of cancer that occurs iin the epithelial tissues
question

sarcoma
answer

Type of cancer that occurs in the mesodermal tissues, such as bones, muscle, and connective tissue.
question

leukemia
answer

Type of cancer that occurs in the blood-forming parts of the body
question

metabolic syndrome
answer

Group of risk factors for cardiovascular disease, diabetes and stroke
question

atherosclerosis
answer

Condition characterized by plaque buildup within arteries
question

transient ischemic attack (TIA)
answer

Brief interruption of the blood supply to the brain that cause temporary impairment
question

stroke
answer

Interruption of blood supply to the brain that causes brain damage; also known as a cerebrovascular accident
question

angina pectoris
answer

Chest pain due to lack of oxygen to the heart
question

heart attack
answer

Blockage of normal blood supply to the heart; also known as a myocardial infraction
question

congestive heart failure
answer

Condition in which the heart cannot pump enough blood to supply needed oxygen and nutrients to the body; causes buildup of fluid in the tissues
question

aneurysm
answer

Weakened area of a blood vessel that causes the wall to bulge out under pressure
question

MRI
answer

Imaging technique that permits visualization of the soft tissues of the body by applying an external magnetic field
question

CT scan
answer

Form of x-ray imaging that produces a view of a detailed cross-section of tissue
question

readiotherapy
answer

Treatment method that uses radiation to kill cancerous cells
question

chemotherapy
answer

Treatment method that uses drugs to kill cancerous cells
question

more than 8%
answer

Percentage of the US population that has some form of diabetes
question

diabetes mellitus
answer

A group of disease characterized by elevated blood glucose levels
question

pancreas
answer

The organ that produces the hormone insulin and releases it into the bloodstream
question

Type 1 diabetes
answer

The serious and less prevalent form of diabetes
question

pre-diabetes
answer

A condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as Type 2 Diabetes
question

65%
answer

The percentage of diabetics that die from heart disease or stroke
question

126 mg/dl or higher
answer

The fasting plasma glucose level that indicates that a person has Type 2 diabetes
question

Losing weight, adopting a healthy diet and increasing physical activity
answer

Things that people with pre-diabetes can do to reduce their chances of developing Type 2 Diabetes
question

cancer
answer

A group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells
question

benign tumor
answer

noncancerous tumor
question

an adult’s fist
answer

The approximate size of the human heart
question

arteries
answer

blood vessels that carry blood away from the human heart
question

ventricles
answer

the two lower chambers of the heart
question

malignant tumor
answer

cancerous tumor
question

veins and venules
answer

Blood vessels that transport carbon dioxide and waste products to the lungs and kidneys
question

capillaries
answer

Blood vessels that permit the exchange of oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, and waste products with body cells
question

plaque
answer

a build up on artery walls caused by abnormally high blood lipid levels
question

oncogenes
answer

Genes that have the potential to be cancer-causing
question

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
answer

A sexually transmitted disease linked to cervical cancer
question

Hodgkin’s disease
answer

A type of cancer classified as a lymphoma
question

leukemia
answer

The type of cancer characterized by an abnormal increase in the number of white blood cells
question

tachycardia
answer

A rapid heart rate in the absence of exercise or anxiety
question

lung cancer
answer

In the US, the leading cause of death in both men and women
question

bradycardia
answer

An abnormally slow heart rate
question

fibrillation
answer

A heart that beats in a quivering, sporadic manner
question

prostrate cancer
answer

In the US, The most common type of cancer for males
question

stroke
answer

The common name for a cerebrovascular accident
question

transient ischemic attacks
answer

The term used to describe a series of mild strokes
question

malignant meanoma
answer

The most deadly form of skin cancer
question

false
answer

True/False: Lifestyle factors do not play a significant role in the development of cancer
question

false
answer

True/False: A benign tumor is also cancerous
question

true
answer

True/False: Malignant tumors are usually not enclosed in a protective capsule and can spread to other organs
question

true
answer

True/False: Men can develop breast cancer
question

false
answer

True/False: Cancers of the bone and connective tissues are known as carcinomas
question

true
answer

True/False: Oxygenated blood is transported from the lungs to the heart via the pulmonary vein
question

false
answer

True/False: More than 40% of Americans suffer from one or more types of cardiovascular disease.
question

false
answer

True/False: A quivering, sporadic heartbeat is known as bradycardia
question

false
answer

True/False: High levels of LDL cholesterol and low levels of HDL are beneficial for the prevention of CVD
question

true
answer

True/False: Hypertension (high blood pressure) is known as the “silent killer” because it often has no overt symptoms

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member