Chapter 10: Social and Personality Development in Middle Childhood

question

What is the crisis of middle childhood according to Erikson?
answer

Industry versus inferiority
question

What is the primary goal of trait theories?
answer

To explain the origins of the differences in personality
question

What are components of Bandura’s model of personality development?
answer

-PERSON COMPONENT -ENVIRONMENT -BEHAVIOR
question

What term refers to children’s global self-evaluation, which includes factors such as how well they like themselves or how happy they are?
answer

Self-esteem
question

What factors are major influences in a child’s self esteem
answer

The general support the child feels from her parents, peers and others
question

What is the typical pattern of children’s descriptions of others during middle childhood?
answer

children talk more about internal characteristics or qualities that the individual seems to have
question

What are authors’ suggestions to encourage moral reasoning?
answer

-Help and encourage them to base obedience on respect rather than fear -Include them in charitable projects -Play developmentally appropriate games with them
question

Monica is an only child. What statements are likely to be about Monica?
answer

-She will be as well adjusted as children who have siblings -Her family is less likely to suffer from resource dilution -She is likely to receive as much of her parent’s attention as a first-born-child would receive
question

During the middle-childhood years, disciplinary interactions with parents typically decrease because a child is more capable of which of the following
answer

Self-regulation
question

Developmentalists have suggested that differences in the expectations parents have for boys and girls may be responsible for:
answer

stronger standards of behavior for girls in later developmental periods
question

What characteristic seems to be the most important factor in selection of friends among 6 – 12 year olds?
answer

Gender
question

What is an example of controlling speech used among middle childhood boys?
answer

“Try to stop me.”
question

What are accurate descriptions of the patterns of aggression observable among children in middle childhood?
answer

-At every age boys show more physical aggression than boys -School age boys often express their approval for the aggressive behavior of peers -Girls are more likely than boys to use relational aggression toward their peers
question

Penny broke her brother’s baseball trophy after he used her favorite doll to play tug-of-war with their dog. Which type of aggression is Penny demonstrating?
answer

Retaliatory aggression
question

What term is used by psychologists to describe children who are disliked and avoided by their peer?
answer

Rejected
question

According to researchers who study self-care children, poorly adjusted self-care children are likely to display:
answer

Social and behavioral problems during the preschool years
question

At what age do most developmentalists agree that a child might begin self-care?
answer

Nine or ten
question

How has the number of children living in poverty changed from the 1980s to now?
answer

It has declined
question

The United States government defines poverty as which of the following income levels for a family with one child?
answer

$13,461
question

According to the author, what statements address the typical ways that poverty impacts children?
answer

-Poverty leaves mothers with inadequate prenatal care -Children living in poverty have inadequate housing -Families living in poverty have more frequent changes of residency and schools
question

Many children who grow up in neighborhoods with street violence, gang activity and overcrowded homes suffer from what mental disorder?
answer

PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder)
question

What factors are listed in your text that can help protect a child from the effects of a stressful environment?
answer

Authoritarian parenting
question

Which researcher(s) conducted the “Bobo doll” studies to evaluate the effects of observing aggressive behavior on children?
answer

Albert Bandura
question

According to 2006 statistics, what percentage of school-aged children in the United States have access to the internet?
answer

90%
question

Regarding the research that was conducted at Georgetown University with 5th- and 6th-graders: What is unique about boys’ behaviors when using virtual communication on the internet?
answer

They become less concerned about behaving in gender-stereotypical ways

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member