Middle Childhood Flashcards, test questions and answers
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What is Middle Childhood?
Middle childhood is a critical developmental period in a child’s life, as children move from the dependency of early childhood to the independence of late childhood and adolescence. During middle childhood, physical, cognitive and social development all occur at an accelerated rate. This period is marked by significant changes in physical growth and development, increased cognitive complexity, and increased psychological sophistication. Physically, children between the ages of 6 to 12 experience rapid growth spurts that result in increasingly mature bodies. Children’s muscles become stronger which allow them to perform more complex physical activities such as running, jumping and swimming with greater ease than when they were younger. Their fine motor skills also improve which allows them to perform more intricate tasks such as holding a pencil or tying shoes with greater skill than before. Cognitively, middle childhood is characterized by increased ability to think abstractly and logically. During this time children are better able to understand concepts such as addition and subtraction or even cause-and-effect relationships between events that were not possible for them to understand before this age range. Additionally their memory capacity increases significantly giving them the ability to retain more information for longer periods of time than when they were younger; this allows for deeper learning experiences in school or other activities outside of school where retention is necessary for success. Socially children become increasingly independent during middle childhood as they move away from complete dependence on parents towards forming their own friendships and exploring different social roles within their peer group. Children develop an understanding for moral concepts like empathy which allows them to recognize other people’s feelings during interactions with peers or teachers at school; this helps foster positive interactions among those around them allowing them succeed both academically and socially throughout the rest of their lives. Overall Middle Childhood marks a transition into late childhood where children become increasingly independent while still relying on parental guidance during moments when needed most; it also serves as an important milestone in terms of physical growth, cognitive development, and social maturity that will continue into adulthood if nurtured properly throughout life .