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Chapter 10.1 study guide answers Evolution biology 9

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What two conditions must be true for a group of animals to be considered the same species?
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They can reproduce and have fertile offspring.
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Lamarck’s ideas of evolution are known as inheritance of acquired characteristics. What was incorrect about his theory of how organisms evolve?
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The theory is incorrect because acquired characteristics do not get passed on to descendents because they are not in our genes.
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In the 1700’s many people believed the species were fixed and did not change. How did plant hybridization- a type of crossing that could be observed in experiments- help change this view?
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It showed that new species of organisms could be created by mating/crossing two similar, but different species of organisms.
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What word refers to the traces of an organism that existed in the past?
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Fossils
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What is the process of biological change by which descendants come to differ from their ancestors?
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Evolution
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Events such as volcanoes, floods, earthquakes are the basis of what geologic theory?
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Catastrophism
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What geologic theory can be summarized by the phrase “the present is the key to to the past”?
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uniformitarianism
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Charles Derwin’s poetic father
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E. Darwin
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Thought that a giraffes long neck evolved from reaching high in the trees.
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Lamarck
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Grouped living organisms into categories based on what they looks like
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Linnaeus
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Wrote historie naturelle ( natural history) in 1749
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Buffon