Chapter 1 Practice

Microorganisms are ___, meaning they are found in all natural habitats as well as in most artificial habitats created by humans.
ubiquitous

True or False: Microorganisms are found in all natural habitats as well as in most artificial habitats created by humans.
True

Microbiology involves the study of microscopic organisms, including: Viruses, Helminths, Protozoa, Archaea, Bacteria, Fleas, Fungi
Viruses, Helminths, Protozoa, Archaea, Bacteria, Fungi

___ cells possess a nucleus and other membrane bound organelles.
Eukaryotic

___ organisms can be visualized by the naked eye.
Macroscopic

What are the major types of microorganisms?
Protozoa, Fungi, Viruses, Algae, Bacteria

What microbe is not cellular (acellular) and is composed of nucleic acid surrounded by a protein coat?
Virus

Organisms that are only visible with the aid of a microscope are referred to as ___.
Microscopic

A(n) ___ cell will not contain organelles, such as mitochondria or a nucleus.
prokaryotic

Taxonomy involves ___ and ___ living things.
classifying and naming

___ are small, single-celled prokaryotic organisms.
Bacteria

Which of the following is NOT a term used to describe microscopic organisms? Microorganisms, Vertebrates, Microbes
Vertebrates

A cellular microorganism that lacks a membrane-bound nucleus and most membrane-bound organelles, and divides by binary fission is correctly termed a ___.
Prokaryote

For the organism Staphylococcus aureus, aureus represents the ___ level of classification.
species

Eukaryotic organisms are:
either unicellular or multicellular

A(n) ___ is any small, membrane-bound component found inside of a eukaryotic cell.
organelle