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Chapter 1: D.C.

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output device
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is any hardware component that conveys information from a computer or mobile device to one or more people
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printer
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is an output device that produces text and graphics on a physical medium such as paper
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computer
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is an electronic device, operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory. What is an electronic device, operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory, that can accept data, process the data according to specified rules, produce results, and store the results for future use?
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Digital literacy
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involves having a current knowledge and understanding of computers, mobile devices, the Internet, and related technologies
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storage media
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A computer keeps data, instructions, and information
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storage device
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records (writes) and/or retrieves (reads) items to and from storage media
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Internet
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is a worldwide collection of networks that connects millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals
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Green computing
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involves reducing the electricity consumed and environmental waste generated when using a computer
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Software
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also called a program, tells the computer what tasks to perform and how to perform them
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software developer
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sometimes called an application developer or computer programmer, is someone who develops programs and apps or writes the instructions that direct the computer or mobile device to process data into information
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network
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is a collection of computers and devices connected together via communications devices and transmission media
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FTP
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With what can users transfer items to and from other computer on the Internet?
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Point
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In which of the following mouse operations do you move the mouse until the pointer is positioned on the item of choice?
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Chrome
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What is NOT a popular programming language?
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Network
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What is a collection of computers and devices connected together, as shown in the accompanying figure, often wirelessly, via communications devices and transmission media?
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optical
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Which type of disc is a type of storage media that consists of a flat, round, portable metal disc made of metal, plastic, and lacquer that is written and read by a laser?
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creating web apps instead of desktop apps
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What is NOT a strategy that supports green computing?
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swipe
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What gestures would you use if you want to display a bar that contains commands on an edge of the screen of your new tablet?
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vaporware
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What is NOT an example of malware?
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Slide
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Which of the following gestures would you use if you want to move an item around the screen on your new tablet?
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Four pounds
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What is a typical size for a game console?
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Digital Divide
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What term is used to illustrate the gap between those with and those without access to technology?
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DOS
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What is NOT an operating system used by today’s computers and mobile devices?
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Spreadsheet
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What kind of software is NOT usually included by an installed operating system?
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Data
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If a computer adds together a list of numbers, what term identifies these numbers?
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They are practitioners of online integration.
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What is NOT a reason that consumers purchase separate stand-alone devices?
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LinkedIn
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If you are looking for an online social network that allows you to include recommendations from people who know you professionally, which of the following is the best match for you?
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Convergence
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Your smartphone allows you to take and store photos, and play and view your digital media. What is this overlap of technologies called?
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Cloud Storage
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You do not want to store your data locally on your hard disk. You would rather store it using an Internet service. What is this kind of storage known as?
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Depends on your needs
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How do you determine which type of computer — tablet, laptop, or desktop — is best?
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Information
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Which of the following conveys meaning and is useful to users?
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Buy a computer from a retailer who will dispose of your old computer properly
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Green computing involves reducing electricity consumed and environmental waste generated when using a computer. Which of the following is a valid strategy for supporting green computing?
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Wi-Fi
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Most computers and many mobile devices, such as smartphones and portable media players, can connect to which kind of network?
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enterprise
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Each employee or customer who uses a computer in a large business is which kind of user?
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Output
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If your friend is playing a game on a computer, on what type of device would he see a big explosion within the game?
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Position the display about 90 degrees below eye level.
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What is NOT a suggestion for easing eyestrain while using a mobile device?
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GPA
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What is an example of INFORMATION on a grade report?
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Gestures
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You want to interact with a touch screen. What do you use?
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User Interface
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YOU interact with a program through which of the following, thereby controlling how you enter data and instructions and how information is displayed on the screen?
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What is NOT one of the widely used browsers?
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VoIP
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What enables users to speak to other users over the Internet?
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resources
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Collections, such as that pictured in the accompanying figure, allow computers to share which of the following?
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Health risks, privacy risks, environmental risks
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If you were required to give a speech identifying the risks of using computers and digital devices, which group of items would you include?
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5 Billion
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A leading maker of security software has made a claim that its software blocked a given number of malware attacks in a single year. From your knowledge of malware, which of the following is the likeliest number from that claim?