Chapter 1 An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology

______ is considered the oldest medical science

Anatomy is to ________ as physiology is to ________.

The analysis of the internal structure of individuals cells.

Surface (internal structures as they relate to the overlying skin)
The study of the general form and superficial markings of an organism is called _______ anatomy.

The study of the superficial and internal features in a specific area of the body is called ______ anatomy.

Anatomical features that change during illness are studied in _____ anatomy.

The study of the first two months of development is termed.

Systemic physiology
The study of the function of specific organ systems is called

Systemic physiology
Cardiovascular function is an example of

The study of the liver is to gross anatomy as the study of a liver cell is to

Cell physiology; microscopic anatomy
Organ physiology is to ______ as gross anatomy is to ________.

organism, system, organ, tissue, cellular, molecular
Arranged in correct order from the most complex to the simplest?

Which organ system provides support, protection of soft tissues, mineral storage, and blood formation?

Which organ system transports nutrients, metabolic wastes, gases, and defense cells?

Which organ system includes the spleen and the tonsils

The kidneys and ureters are organs of the ______ system.

The pituitary gland and thyroid gland are organs of the ______ system.

Which organ system removes carbon dioxide from the bloodstream?

Lungs are to the respiratory system as the liver is to the ______ system.

Skin, hair, and nails are associated with the ______ system.

All levels of organization within an organism are interdependent
A chemical imbalance in the body can cause the heart to stop pumping blood, which in turn will cause other tissues and organs to cease functioning. This observation supports the view that

Direct long-term responses to change
In general, the nervous system does each of the following except

Produces a more rapid response than the nervous system
Which one of the following is not a characteristic of the endocrine system?

The central principle of physiology is

The maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment in an organism is termed?

Negative feedback
When body temperature rises, a center in the brain initiates physiological changes to decrease the body temperature. This is an example of

A cell or an organ that responds to commands of the control center in negative feedback is termed a(n)

Positive feedback
This type of feedback exaggerates the effects of variations from normal.

Negative feedback
If a response DECREASES a disturbance, the control system is classified as a ______ feedback system.

If a response INCREASE a disturbance, the control system is classified as a _______ feedback system.

Temperature sensors on the skin that detect a stimulus
An example of a receptor in a negative feeback loop controlling body temperature would be

The integrating center for the negative feedback loop that regulates body temperature is the?

Pelvic quadrant
The quadrants of the abdominopelvic region include all of the except?

Which of the following is not considered an abdominopelvic region?

Anatomical position
A person who is standing facing forward with hands at the sides and palms facing forward is in the

An anatomical term that means the same as ventral?

The heart is _____ to the lungs?

The wrist is ______ to the elbow?

The chin is _____ to the nose?

Which of the following regions corresponds to the buttocks?

Which of the following terms refers to the foot?

Which plane divides the body into right and left parts?

A midsagittal section of the body would pass through the

A person lying on the bed and gazing at the ceiling is in the ______ position.

Transverse at the hips
The plane that separates the abdominal and the pelvic cavities is?

One body part in relation to another
Terms of anatomical direction are used to desribe

Toward the heel
While standing erect, the direction of caudal is?

All of the answers are correct
While standing in the anatomical position,

Right upper
The liver is primarily located in the ______ quadrant.

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