Chapter 1 An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy
______ is considered the oldest medical science

Structure;Function
Anatomy is to ________ as physiology is to ________.

Cytology
The analysis of the internal structure of individuals cells.

Surface (internal structures as they relate to the overlying skin)
The study of the general form and superficial markings of an organism is called _______ anatomy.

Regional
The study of the superficial and internal features in a specific area of the body is called ______ anatomy.

Pathological
Anatomical features that change during illness are studied in _____ anatomy.

Embryology
The study of the first two months of development is termed.

Systemic physiology
The study of the function of specific organ systems is called

Systemic

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physiology
Cardiovascular function is an example of

Cytology
The study of the liver is to gross anatomy as the study of a liver cell is to

Cell physiology; microscopic anatomy
Organ physiology is to ______ as gross anatomy is to ________.

organism, system, organ, tissue, cellular, molecular
Arranged in correct order from the most complex to the simplest?

Skeletal
Which organ system provides support, protection of soft tissues, mineral storage, and blood formation?

Cardiovascular
Which organ system transports nutrients, metabolic wastes, gases, and defense cells?

Lymphatic
Which organ system includes the spleen and the tonsils

Urinary
The kidneys and ureters are organs of the ______ system.

Endocrine
The pituitary gland and thyroid gland are organs of the ______ system.

Respiratory
Which organ system removes carbon dioxide from the bloodstream?

Digestive
Lungs are to the respiratory system as the liver is to the ______ system.

Integumentary
Skin, hair, and nails are associated with the ______ system.

All levels of organization within an organism are interdependent
A chemical imbalance in the body can cause the heart to stop pumping blood, which in turn will cause other tissues and organs to cease functioning. This observation supports the view that

Direct long-term responses to change
In general, the nervous system does each of the following except

Produces a more rapid response than the nervous system
Which one of the following is not a characteristic of the endocrine system?

Homeostasis
The central principle of physiology is

Homeostasis
The maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment in an organism is termed?

Negative feedback
When body temperature rises, a center in the brain initiates physiological changes to decrease the body temperature. This is an example of

Effector
A cell or an organ that responds to commands of the control center in negative feedback is termed a(n)

Positive feedback
This type of feedback exaggerates the effects of variations from normal.

Negative feedback
If a response DECREASES a disturbance, the control system is classified as a ______ feedback system.

Positive
If a response INCREASE a disturbance, the control system is classified as a _______ feedback system.

Temperature sensors on the skin that detect a stimulus
An example of a receptor in a negative feeback loop controlling body temperature would be

Hypothalamus
The integrating center for the negative feedback loop that regulates body temperature is the?

Pelvic quadrant
The quadrants of the abdominopelvic region include all of the except?

Upper
Which of the following is not considered an abdominopelvic region?

Anatomical position
A person who is standing facing forward with hands at the sides and palms facing forward is in the

Anterior
An anatomical term that means the same as ventral?

Medial
The heart is _____ to the lungs?

Distal
The wrist is ______ to the elbow?

Inferior
The chin is _____ to the nose?

Gluteal
Which of the following regions corresponds to the buttocks?

Pedal
Which of the following terms refers to the foot?

Sagittal
Which plane divides the body into right and left parts?

Heart
A midsagittal section of the body would pass through the

Supine
A person lying on the bed and gazing at the ceiling is in the ______ position.

Transverse at the hips
The plane that separates the abdominal and the pelvic cavities is?

One body part in relation to another
Terms of anatomical direction are used to desribe

Toward the heel
While standing erect, the direction of caudal is?

All of the answers are correct
While standing in the anatomical position,

Right upper
The liver is primarily located in the ______ quadrant.

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